Scripture in the Commentary to Follow:

Ezekiel 33/30-33, With Commentary by Rashi from Chabad.org.

30And you, son of man, the members of your people who talk about you beside the walls and in the entrances of the houses, and one talks to the other, one to his brother, saying, “Come now and listen to what the word is that is coming forth from before the Lord.”

who talk about you: who mock you.

31And they will come to you as a public gathering, and they will sit before you as My people, and they will hear your words but not fulfill them; instead they make them into jokes with their mouth; their heart goes after their gain.

and they will sit before you as My people: as if they were My people.

jokes: [Heb. עֲגָבִים,] laughter, related to עוּגָב, a flute.

their gain: their stolen goods.

32And you are to them as a song on the flute, which has a beautiful voice and plays well; they will hear your words, but will not fulfill them.

And you are to them as a song on the flute: And you are to them as a song on the flute.

33And when it comes-behold it is coming, and they will know that a prophet was in their midst.”

And when it comes: the evil to them.

behold it is coming: for, indeed, it is ready to come; then they will know that your words were not a jest, but that a true prophet was in their midst.

 

From: Book of Ezekiel, Summary: JPS Tagged Tanakh 1985 Online at http://taggedtanakh.org/Chapter/Index/english-Gen-1

Ezekiel is a prophet whose name means “God strengthens.” He is the son of Buzi and of Priestly descent through the House of Zadok. He is taken away with King Jehoiachin at the time of Nebuchadnezzar’s second attack on Jerusalem and settles with a Jewish colony on the banks of the river Chebar in Babylonia, where he sees visions. He continues to prophesy for 22 years, beginning five years after he goes into captivity.

The first part of Ezekiel contains prophecies uttered before the destruction of Jerusalem to caution the people against the false hope of relief from their suffering in Egypt and to exhort them to repent for their unfaithfulness to God. It includes Ezekiel’s call to prophecy, the general carrying out of his commission, the rejection of the people because of their idolatry, the sins of the age in detail, the nature of the judgment, and the guilt that caused it.

The second section announces God’s judgments on the seven heathen nations—Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia, Tyre, Sidon, and Egypt—and is largely written between the beginning of Nebuchadnezzar’s siege of Jerusalem and the news of its fall. It also foretells the re-creation of the Land of Israel and of its people and contains a detailed vision of the restored Temple, Jerusalem, and nation.

 

10Thus said the Lord God: I am going to deal with the shepherds! I will demand a reckoning of them for My flock, and I will dismiss them from tending the flock. The shepherds shall not tend themselves any more; for I will rescue My flock from their mouths, and it shall not be their prey. 11For thus said the Lord God: Here am I! I am going to take thought for My flock and I will seek them out. 12As a shepherd seeks out his flock when some [animals] in his flock have gotten separated, so I will seek out My flock, I will rescue them from all the places to which they were scattered on a day of cloud and gloom. 13I will take them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries, and I will bring them to their own land, and will pasture them on the mountains of Israel, by the watercourses and in all the settled portions of the land.     Ezekiel 34/10-13 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

23Then I will appoint a single shepherd over them to tend them—My servant David. He shall tend them, he shall be a shepherd to them. 24I the Lord will be their God, and My servant David shall be a ruler among them—I the Lord have spoken. 25And I will grant them a covenant of friendship. I will banish vicious beasts from their land, and they shall live secure in the wasteland, they shall even sleep in the woodland. 26I will make these and the environs of My hill a blessing: I will send down the rain in its season, rains that bring blessing. 27The trees of the field shall yield their fruit and the land shall yield its produce. [My people] shall continue secure on its own soil. They shall know that I am the Lord when I break the bars of their yoke and rescue them from those who enslave them. 28They shall no longer be a spoil for the nations, and the beasts of the earth shall not devour them; they shall dwell secure and untroubled. 29I shall establish for them a planting of renown; they shall no more be carried off by famine, and they shall not have to bear again the taunts of the nations. 30They shall know that I the Lord their God am with them and they, the House of Israel, are My people—declares the Lord God.     Ezekiel 34/23-30 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

2And six men entered by way of the upper gate that faces north, each with his club in his hand; and among them was another, clothed in linen, with a writing case at his waist. They came forward and stopped at the bronze altar. 3Now the Presence of the God of Israel had moved from the cherub on which it had rested to the platform of the House. He called to the man clothed in linen with the writing case at his waist;

4and the Lord said to him, “Pass through the city, through Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who moan and groan because of all the abominations that are committed in it.” 5To the others He said in my hearing, “Follow him through the city and strike; show no pity or compassion.

6Kill off graybeard, youth and maiden, women and children; but do not touch any person who bears the mark. Begin here at My Sanctuary.” So they began with the elders who were in front of the House. 7And He said to them, “Defile the House and fill the courts with the slain. Then go forth.” So they went forth and began to kill in the city.

8When they were out killing, and I remained alone, I flung myself on my face and cried out, “Ah, Lord God! Are you going to annihilate all that is left of Israel, pouring out Your fury upon Jerusalem?”

9He answered me, “The iniquity of the Houses of Judah and Israel is very very great, the land is full of crime and the city is full of corruption. For they say, ‘The Lord has forsaken the land, and the Lord does not see.’ 10I, in turn, will show no pity or compassion; I will give them their deserts.”

11And then the man clothed in linen with the writing case at his waist brought back word, saying, “I have done as You commanded me.”      Ezekiel /2-11 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

7See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when I will sow the House of Israel and the House of Judah with seed of men and seed of cattle; 28and just as I was watchful over them to uproot and to pull down, to overthrow and to destroy and to bring disaster, so I will be watchful over them to build and to plant—declares the Lord. 29In those days, they shall no longer say, “Parents have eaten sour grapes and children’s teeth are blunted.” 30But every one shall die for his own sins: whosoever eats sour grapes, his teeth shall be blunted.      Jeremiah 31/27-30 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

31See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when I will make a new covenant with the House of Israel and the House of Judah. 32It will not be like the covenant I made with their fathers, when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, a covenant which they broke, though I espoused them—declares the Lord. 33But such is the covenant I will make with the House of Israel after these days—declares the Lord: I will put My Teaching into their inmost being and inscribe it upon their hearts. Then I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34No longer will they need to teach one another and say to one another, “Heed the Lord“; for all of them, from the least of them to the greatest, shall heed Me—declares the Lord.
For I will forgive their iniquities,
And remember their sins no more.     Jeremiah 31/31-34 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

38See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when the city shall be rebuilt for the Lord from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate; 39and the measuring line shall go straight out to the Gareb Hill, and then turn toward Goah. 40And the entire Valley of the Corpses and Ashes, and all the fields as far as the Wadi Kidron, and the corner of the Horse Gate on the east, shall be holy to the Lord. They shall never again be uprooted or overthrown.     Jeremiah 31/38-40 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

36But now, assuredly, thus said the Lord, the God of Israel, concerning this city of which you say, “It is being delivered into the hands of the king of Babylon through the sword, through famine, and through pestilence”: 37See, I will gather them from all the lands to which I have banished them in My anger and wrath, and in great rage; and I will bring them back to this place and let them dwell secure. 38They shall be My people, and I will be their God. 39I will give them a single heart and a single nature to revere Me for all time, and it shall be well with them and their children after them. 40And I will make an everlasting covenant with them that I will not turn away from them and that I will treat them graciously; and I will put into their hearts reverence for Me, so that they do not turn away from Me. 41I will delight in treating them graciously, and I will plant them in this land faithfully, with all My heart and soul.     Jeremiah 32/36-41 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

16In this vein have those who revere the Lord been talking to one another. The Lord has heard and noted it, and a scroll of remembrance has been written at His behest concerning those who revere the Lord and esteem His name. 17And on the day that I am preparing, said the Lord of Hosts, they shall be My treasured possession; I will be tender toward them as a man is tender toward a son who ministers to him. 18And you shall come to see the difference between the righteous and the wicked, between him who has served the Lord and him who has not served Him.    Malachi 3/16-18 Tanach JPS 1985.

 

22Be mindful of the Teaching of My servant Moses, whom I charged at Horeb with laws and rules for all Israel.

23Lo, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before the coming of the awesome, fearful day of the Lord. 24He shall reconcile parents with children and children with their parents, so that, when I come, I do not strike the whole land with utter destruction.
Lo, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before
the coming of the awesome, fearful day of the Lord.
     Malachi 3/22-24 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

1But a shoot shall grow out of the stump of Jesse, A twig shall sprout from his stock.
2The spirit of the Lord shall alight upon him: A spirit of wisdom and insight, A spirit of counsel and valor, A spirit of devotion and reverence for the Lord.     Isaiah 11/1-2 Tanach JPS 1985.

 

Thus said the Lord, your Lord,
Your God who champions His people:
Herewith I take from your hand
The cup of reeling,
The bowl, the cup of My wrath;
You shall never drink it again.

I will put it in the hands of your tormentors,
Who have commanded you,
“Get down, that we may walk over you”—
So that you made your back like the ground,
Like a street for passersby.     Isaiah 51/22-23 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

Commentary:

The verses from Ezekiel 33 show the reality of his audience. They did not believe that he was a prophet. This is a good example of the prophet saying the destruction of Jerusalem would happen because the people would not stop their sinful ways and it happens because G-d’s prophet is not recognized or heeded.

G-d had already foretold through Isaiah that Jerusalem would fall and all of Israel would be deported from the promised lands. And that G-d would banish the line of the Kings of Judah from ever ruling over Israel again by raising up a twig from the stump of that felled ancestral tree of Jesse. The felled and banished line of Jesus who could not fulfill Isaiah 11/2 and who being unblemished could not be the sinful, sorrowful and suffering man crushed with disease of Isaiah 53 known as the “Leper Scholar” in the Babylon Talmud.

G-d knew they would not listen to His prophet. Ezekiel’s purpose did not prosper. And G-d knew his purpose would not prosper long before the days of Ezekiel.

G-d said to Ezekiel “And when it comes-behold it is coming, and they will know that a prophet was in their midst. And Rashi commented “And when it comes: the evil to them. behold it is coming: for, indeed, it is ready to come; then they will know that your words were not a jest, but that a true prophet was in their midst.”

And Jerusalem fell and the rest of Judah was deported.

In Ezekiel 34 G-d says:

“I am going to deal with the shepherds! I will demand a reckoning of them for My flock, and I will dismiss them from tending the flock. The shepherds shall not tend themselves any more; for I will rescue My flock from their mouths, and it shall not be their prey.”

And,

“Here am I! I am going to take thought for My flock and I will seek them out. 12As a shepherd seeks out his flock when some [animals] in his flock have gotten separated, so I will seek out My flock, I will rescue them from all the places to which they were scattered on a day of cloud and gloom. 13I will take them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries, and I will bring them to their own land, and will pasture them on the mountains of Israel, by the watercourses and in all the settled portions of the land.”

[And G-d did just that with the gentile HaMoshiach Cyrus of Persia who opened the way for all twelve tribes to return with the tribe of the Levites among them from the Assyrian/Babylon exile forgiven of all sins and they rebuilt the Temple of G-d.]

And then G-d said:

“Then I will appoint a single shepherd over them to tend them—My servant David. He shall tend them, he shall be a shepherd to them. 24I the Lord will be their God, and My servant David shall be a ruler among them—I the Lord have spoken. 25And I will grant them a covenant of friendship.”

But that did not happen.

That is for the Roman exiles and dispersal of the Jewish people throughout the world when Elijah returns with the angel of the covenant of sin forgiveness for G-d’s gracious return to Jerusalem. All will be forgiven between G-d and His wife, His bride, His children the Jewish people. They will be friends again. The covenant of friendship and sin forgiveness in a time to come is when Jerusalem has been rebuilt and they will never be uprooted or defeated again.

That is when the twig of the stump of Jesse will arise. G-d tells the Jewish people when that time is. He begins in Jeremiah 31/27-28 with:

“See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when I will sow the House of Israel and the House of Judah with seed of men and seed of cattle; and just as I was watchful over them to uproot and to pull down, to overthrow and to destroy and to bring disaster, so I will be watchful over them to build and to plant—declares the Lord.”

This is when the Jewish people return to the promised land and make it bloom again.

G-d says in Jeremiah 31/38 that the time to come is:

“when the city shall be rebuilt for the Lord from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate; 39and the measuring line shall go straight out to the Gareb Hill, and then turn toward Goah. 40And the entire Valley of the Corpses and Ashes, and all the fields as far as the Wadi Kidron, and the corner of the Horse Gate on the east, shall be holy to the Lord. They shall never again be uprooted or overthrown.”

And this is Jerusalem today. For so long as they are never uprooted or overthrown again. And that is what the day of the L-rd is for.

The time to come in Jeremiah 31/31-34 when G-d declares He will make a new covenant with the House of Israel not like the covenant He made with them out of Egypt which they broke but He married them anyway. A new covenant for when they return to Him in the lands of Abraham. And why a new covenant? They have been separated though not divorced and He has awaited their return to Him for over two thousand years.

See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when I will make a new covenant with the House of Israel and the House of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their fathers, when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, a covenant which they broke, though I espoused them—declares the Lord. But such is the covenant I will make with the House of Israel after these days—declares the Lord: I will put My Teaching into their inmost being and inscribe it upon their hearts. Then I will be their God, and they shall be My people. No longer will they need to teach one another and say to one another, “Heed the Lord“; for all of them, from the least of them to the greatest, shall heed Me—declares the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquities, And remember their sins no more.”

G-d does not say how He will change the knowledge of the Jewish people of the Torah and how it should be interpreted by all Jews or how He will change the emotions and thinking of His people towards Him. There are a lot of hard feelings between many of the Jewish people and G-d.

G-d says that His forgiving their iniquities and remembering their sins no more will accomplish this putting of His teaching into their inmost being and inscribing it upon their hearts; but one has to understand G-d and His scripture of the Hebrew bible from His perspective and the manner in which it was written to know what this means.

If G-d does not use His power to change the knowledge and hearts of the Jewish people in His teachings and towards Him the forgiveness of sins alone will not accomplish this.

The Jewish people and all of the different ways of interpreting the Torah by different branches of Judaism are to diverse and opinionated. Rarely is there an accord and meeting of the minds by the Sages of the Talmud, the Rabbi’s today and the people in general.

G-d has never changed the will of men and placed knowledge into their minds or changed their emotions and feelings towards Him in His power. He spent forty years in the desert with Moses and the Israelites changing the minds and hearts of the Hebrews with His Teachings He gave to Moses at Horeb.

And He became their G-d and they became His people at Horeb (Sinai). Just like the covenant to be made in a time to come:

“I will put My Teaching into their inmost being and inscribe it upon their hearts. Then I will be their G-d, and they shall be My people.”

So in the desert for forty years with Moses as the messenger of the Teachings of G-d and all the experiences of the people when G-d dwelt among the tents of the Israelites is what this means:

“I will put My Teaching into their inmost being and inscribe it upon their hearts.”

It is G-d’s way to use men for His purposes and in Isaiah 53/10 G-d crushes a man with disease so that if he made himself an offering for guilt he might see offspring and have long life and that through him the Lord’s purpose might prosper. This purpose which might prosper is not stated. It is the purpose of Elijah in Malachi 3.

And it is the same purpose of Moses in the desert to the promised land as the messenger of the Teachings of G-d and all the experiences of the people when G-d dwelt among the tents of the Israelites when the first covenant was made of “I will be your G-d, and you will be My people”. Elijah is the prophet like Moses for he comes with the same covenant.

And then G-d said in Jeremiah 32:

“But now, assuredly, thus said the Lord, the God of Israel, concerning this city of which you say, “It is being delivered into the hands of the king of Babylon through the sword, through famine, and through pestilence”: See, I will gather them from all the lands to which I have banished them in My anger and wrath, and in great rage; and I will bring them back to this place and let them dwell secure. They shall be My people, and I will be their God. I will give them a single heart and a single nature to revere Me for all time, and it shall be well with them and their children after them. And I will make an everlasting covenant with them that I will not turn away from them and that I will treat them graciously; and I will put into their hearts reverence for Me, so that they do not turn away from Me. 41I will delight in treating them graciously, and I will plant them in this land faithfully, with all My heart and soul.

And G-d said in Ezekiel 34:

23Then I will appoint a single shepherd over them to tend them—My servant David. He shall tend them, he shall be a shepherd to them. 24I the Lord will be their God, and My servant David shall be a ruler among them—I the Lord have spoken. 25And I will grant them a covenant of friendship.

The covenant of sin forgiveness and the covenant of friendship go together for both the Assyrian/Babylon exiles and the Roman exiles and dispersal. “They shall be My people, and I will be their God” is the heart and soul of the covenant of sin forgiveness. G-d treating the Jewish people graciously is His way of expressing friendship.

The only difference between the two exiles and returns to the promised land is that G-d’s servant David did not appear after the return of the Assyrian/Babylon exile. And in Isaiah 51 G-d’s cup of reeling and wrath is taken from the Jewish people and passed to their tormentors. Christianity. This is primarily accomplished by the true Moshiach arriving who is Elijah, the prophet like Moses and the descendant of David through Solomon. G-d’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53.

The Roman exiles and dispersal have returned and G-d has raised up the twig of the stump of Jesse who is G-d’s righteous servant described in Isaiah 53 who is Elijah of Malachi 3 and the prophet like Moses. The spirit and person of the spirit of the Holy G-d alighted upon me in 2007 in fulfillment of Isaiah 11/1-2.

And with G-d forgiving the sins of the Jewish people in Jeremiah 31 G-d says this will happen:

I will put My Teaching into their inmost being and inscribe it upon their hearts. Then I will be their God, and they shall be My people. No longer will they need to teach one another and say to one another, “Heed the Lord“; for all of them, from the least of them to the greatest, shall heed Me–“

And then in Jeremiah 32 the sin forgiveness causes this to happen instead:

“I will give them a single heart and a single nature to revere Me for all time, and it shall be well with them and their children after them. And I will make an everlasting covenant with them that I will not turn away from them and that I will treat them graciously; and I will put into their hearts reverence for Me, so that they do not turn away from Me.”

Now the teachings of G-d are not mentioned just a reverence by the Jewish people and their children for G-d and the friendship of G-d.

And then in Malachi 3 the teachings of G-d are brought back to what happens when the forgiveness of G-d is given to the Jewish people. But this time it is not the poetic ideal of the teachings of G-d written on every heart but the teachings of Elijah who comes with the angel of the covenant of sin forgiveness (the very angel who G-d sent before the Israelites in the exodus with Moses that His Name was in as the story repeats with the prophet like Moses who comes from Edom in Isaiah 63, the Christian world):

Be mindful of the Teaching of My servant Moses, whom I charged at Horeb with laws and rules for all Israel. Lo, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before the coming of the awesome, fearful day of the Lord. He shall reconcile parents with children and children with their parents, so that, when I come, I do not strike the whole land with utter destruction.”

Many will be marked for the scroll of remembrance and many will not according to the last words on the subject of what is caused by G-d’s forgiveness of sins in Malachi 3. The teachings of G-d will not be written on every heart but many hearts will revere the L-rd and many will return to Synagogue and Judaism simply from the new knowledge that the man of Isaiah 53 is Elijah and G-d’s prophecies are being fulfilled in him.

Elijah is also a man clothed in linen a priest of G-d Most High and a king (leader) forever by the words of G-d in “A New Song (Psalm) of G-d” after the manner of Melchizedek and David who G-d uses to test the reverence and heeding of the shepherds and flocks. This marker of the righteous is seen in a vision of Ezekiel:

“And among them was another, clothed in linen, with a writing case at his waist. He called to the man clothed in linen with the writing case at his waist; and the Lord said to him, “Pass through the city, through Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who moan and groan because of all the abominations that are committed in it.”

This is forgiveness of sin of the righteous who G-d “marks”. In Malachi 3/16 G-d has a scroll of remembrance that has been written at His behest concerning those who revere the Lord and esteem His name in the day of the L-rd that He is preparing. Those who are forgiven of sin by G-d’s covenant for a time to come that is with Elijah and the angel of the covenant who already revere and esteem Him and those who come to revere and esteem Him.

How Elijah is received and welcomed and these writings accepted by the religious leaders of the Jewish people and taken to their followers, groups and Synagogues will tell G-d if they revere and heed Him. The bar is set high for the shepherds of the flocks. As G-d said in Ezekiel 34/10 :

Thus said the Lord God: I am going to deal with the shepherds! I will demand a reckoning of them for My flock, and I will dismiss them from tending the flock. The shepherds shall not tend themselves any more; for I will rescue My flock from their mouths, and it shall not be their prey”

Ezekiel is put through the same soul and self refinement as G-d’s righteous servant and bears the punishment of the Houses of Israel and Judah and his purpose did not prosper. G-d’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53 bears the punishment of the Jewish people and his purpose “might” prosper. And that purpose is found in Malachi 3.

Just like Ezekiel who was not recognized as a prophet of G-d by his audience and utter destruction came to Jerusalem it will be the same for Elijah who must reconcile the Jewish people to Judaism or G-d will smite the land with utter destruction. The shepherds and flocks have to recognize Elijah from these writings for this not to happen. Writings given to me by G-d word by word so that His purpose will prosper. Just as the Torah was written by Moses.

And the reason for this scroll of remembrance has been told to me. It is not that G-d has a quota of how many of the Jewish people turn back to Him through the practice of Judaism or He will bring utter destruction to the land.

It is because the Jewish people in Israel have to believe in Elijah and the teachings of these writings for the Temple to be rebuilt. Rebuilding the Temple will cause destruction. Just not utter destruction that will come from the nations. It always does.

But if the nations see and hear of the last prophet of G-d and he is fulfilling the prophecies of Moses, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Malachi and he is the reason the Temple is rebuilt the repeating story of destruction and exile will be stopped. The Jewish people will never be overthrown or uprooted again.

And the nations will know that G-d dwells with His people again. As the covenant of sin forgiveness for a time to come says: “Then I will be their God, and they shall be My people.” My people are the Roman exiles who have returned to the lands of Israel and made it bloom again. The Jewish people.

“Lo, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before
the coming of the awesome, fearful day of the Lord.”

The awesome day of the L-rd is the passing of the cup of His wrath to Christianity. The fearful day of the L-rd are the battles with Islam and Palestine to clear the Temple Mount and the building of G-d’s Temple for His return to Jerusalem.

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