5Then the king of Assyria marched against the whole land; he came to Samaria and besieged it for three years. 6In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria captured Samaria. He deported the Israelites to Assyria and settled them in Halah, at the [River] Habor, at the River Gozan, and in the towns of Media. 2Kings 17/5-6 Tanakh JPS 1985.
24“The king of Assyria brought [people] from Babylon, Cuthah, Avva, Hamath, and Sepharvaim, and he settled them in the towns of Samaria in place of the Israelites; they took possession of Samaria and dwelt in its towns.
25When they first settled there, they did not worship the Lord; so the Lord sent lions against them which killed some of them.
26They said to the king of Assyria: “The nations which you deported and resettled in the towns of Samaria do not know the rules of the God of the land; therefore He has let lions loose against them which are killing them—for they do not know the rules of the God of the land.”
27The king of Assyria gave an order: “Send there one of the priests whom you have deported; let him go and dwell there, and let him teach them the practices of the God of the land.”
28So one of the priests whom they had exiled from Samaria came and settled in Bethel; he taught them how to worship the Lord.
29However, each nation continued to make its own gods and to set them up in the cult places which had been made by the people of Samaria; each nation [set them up] in the towns in which it lived.
30The Babylonians made Succoth-benoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima,
31and the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak; and the Sepharvites burned their children [as offerings] to Adrammelech and Anamelech, the gods of Sepharvaim.
32They worshiped the Lord, but they also appointed from their own ranks priests of the shrines, who officiated for them in the cult places.
33They worshiped the Lord, while serving their own gods according to the practices of the nations from which they had been deported.
34To this day, they follow their former practices. They do not worship the Lord [properly]. They do not follow the laws and practices, the Teaching and Instruction that the Lord enjoined upon the descendants of Jacob—who was given the name Israel—
35with whom He made a covenant and whom He commanded: “You shall worship no other gods; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them.” 2Kings 17/24-35 Tanakh JPS 1985.
2The first to settle in their towns, on their property, were Israelites, priests, Levites, and temple servants, 3while some of the Judahites and some of the Benjaminites and some of the Ephraimites and Manassehites settled in Jerusalem; 1 Chronicles 9/2-3 Tanakh JPS 1985.
6As for the foreigners
Who attach themselves to the Lord,
To minister to Him,
And to love the name of the Lord,
To be His servants—
All who keep the sabbath and do not profane it,
And who hold fast to My covenant—
7I will bring them to My sacred mount
And let them rejoice in My house of prayer.
Their burnt offerings and sacrifices
Shall be welcome on My altar;
For My House shall be called
A house of prayer for all peoples.” Isaiah 56/6-7 Tanakh JPS 1985.
22For as the new heaven and the new earth
Which I will make
Shall endure by My will
—declares the Lord—
So shall your seed and your name endure. Isaiah 66/22 Tanakh JPS 1985.
17For behold! I am creating
A new heaven and a new earth;
The former things shall not be remembered,
They shall never come to mind.
18Be glad, then, and rejoice forever
In what I am creating.
For I shall create Jerusalem as a joy,
And her people as a delight; Isaiah 65/17-18 Tanakh JPS 1985.
13You have spoken hard words against Me—said the Lord. But you ask, “What have we been saying among ourselves against You?” 14You have said, “It is useless to serve God. What have we gained by keeping His charge and walking in abject awe of the Lord of Hosts? 15And so, we account the arrogant happy: they have indeed done evil and endured; they have indeed dared God and escaped.” 16In this vein have those who revere the Lord been talking to one another. The Lord has heard and noted it, and a scroll of remembrance has been written at His behest concerning those who revere the Lord and esteem His name. 17And on the day that I am preparing, said the Lord of Hosts, they shall be My treasured possession; I will be tender toward them as a man is tender toward a son who ministers to him. 18And you shall come to see the difference between the righteous and the wicked, between him who has served the Lord and him who has not served Him.
19For lo! That day is at hand, burning like an oven. All the arrogant and all the doers of evil shall be straw, and the day that is coming—said the Lord of Hosts—shall burn them to ashes and leave of them neither stock nor boughs. 20But for you who revere My name a sun of victory shall rise to bring healing. You shall go forth and stamp like stall-fed calves, 21and you shall trample the wicked to a pulp, for they shall be dust beneath your feet on the day that I am preparing—said the Lord of Hosts. Malachi 3/13-21 Tanakh JPS 1985.
The northern Kingdom of Samaria was often referred to as the kingdom of Israel and sometimes the Kingdom of Ephraim. Samaria was a town where King Ahab once ruled the northern Kingdom from and is why the northern Kingdom is sometimes called Samaria.
Ephraim was an adopted child of Jacob born in Egypt of an Egyptian mother whose father was Joseph. The allotment of the promised land given to the tribe of Ephraim was the largest in the northern Kingdom.
Ephraim’s brother Manasseh was the largest of all tribes and had the second largest lot in the northern kingdom for 1/2 of his tribe. The other 1/2 of the tribe of Manasseh was allotted lands east of the Jordan river with the tribes of Gad and Reuben. These three tribes were the first to be defeated and deported by the Assyrians.
After the southern Kingdom of Judah was defeated and deported by the Chaldeans and Babylonians all of the twelve tribes and the Levites were scattered throughout Assyria which became Babylonia and then the lands of the Persian Empire.
By proclamation of the gentile HaMoshiach Cyrus of Persia all twelve tribes returned to the promised lands with the priestly tribe of the Levites among them and rebuilt the second Temple of G-d.
Some of the Ephraimites and Manassehites settled in Jerusalem of the lands of the tribe of Benjamin and others in towns within Judah since gentiles imported by the Assyrians were occupying the northern Kingdom.
The imported gentiles recognized the G-d of Israel but continued to make their own gods and to set them up in the cult places which had been made by the people of Samaria.
The King of Assyria was told that the nations which he deported and resettled in the towns of Samaria did not know the rules of the God of the land; therefore He had let lions loose against them which were killing them—for they do not know the rules of the God of the land.
2Kings 17/34 says of these rules and the gentiles of the northern Kingdom lands they occupied:
“To this day, they follow their former practices. They do not worship the Lord [properly]. They do not follow the laws and practices, the Teaching and Instruction that the Lord enjoined upon the descendants of Jacob—who was given the name Israel—with whom He made a covenant and whom He commanded: ‘You shall worship no other gods; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them.”
The Sabbath in the land of Israel is Saturday. For the foreigner to hold fast to G-d’s covenant which is between Him and the Jewish people the foreigner must follow the commandment emphasized in this story of the rules of the G-d of the land:
“You shall worship no other gods; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them.”
Jesus and Allah are other gods in Judaism.
These rules of the G-d of the land are made a part of the end times prophecy of Isaiah where G-d says:
“As for the foreigners Who attach themselves to the Lord, To minister to Him, And to love the name of the Lord, To be His servants—All who keep the sabbath and do not profane it, And who hold fast to My covenant— I will bring them to My sacred mount And let them rejoice in My house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices Shall be welcome on My altar; For My House shall be called A house of prayer for all peoples.”
A house of prayer for all peoples means a house of prayer for all Jewish people who are peoples from the nations of all of the earth. G-d knew they would be from the beginning. Defeated, deported, exiled and dispersed throughout the world was a part of G-d’s plan when He formed Israel and chose them and a land for them and wrote for them the Jewish Bible by His anointed and His prophets.
G-d is creating a new heaven of the spirits and souls of the Jewish people for the name of Israel to endure forever. They will all be placed in angelic bodies as a new host of the L-rd of Hosts. Not an army. A host of angels each of whom is a host of the L-rd of Hosts and the angel of His Presence who is the person of the spirit of the Holy G-d. All angels will be fluent in the Jewish culture and the practice of Judaism with knowledge of the Torah, The Scripture, The Prophets and the Talmud.
And I have been taught and experienced the mysteries of Heaven that explain why the practice of Judaism is so important to become an angel of the L-rd of Hosts in Heaven. And there are exceptions for many of the Jewish people who G-d will receive in Heaven simply for the suffering they endured as Jews. Regardless of their practice of Judaism and whether they heeded and revered G-d or not.
Heaven is different for different eras of the Jewish people. From the ancient Jew to the middle-ages Jew to the Holocaust Jew and now to the Jew when G-d speaks to His prophets again. For them being written into the scroll of remembrance in the days of Elijah, the HaMoshiach is more important to G-d than their suffering (with exceptions).
Heaven is for G-d. It is for His entertainment and to occupy His mind while He forms a new earth to create another new heaven. G-d created man and He formed Israel to be of all men for His Heaven for Him. Heaven is not created for man. Man will be a part of Heaven. The Jewish people who are the man Israel for the name Israel to endure forever.
And Heaven will include all peoples who know the rules of the God of the land. All those “who follow the laws and practices, the Teaching and Instruction that the Lord enjoined upon the descendants of Jacob—who was given the name Israel—with whom He made a covenant and whom He commanded: ‘You shall worship no other gods; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them.”
And this means that all people of the nations (gentiles) who convert to Judaism will be included not only in G-d’s house of prayer in life but also to His house in Heaven.