Isaiah Chapter 61
1The spirit of the Lord God is upon me,
Because the Lord has anointed me;
He has sent me as a herald of joy to the humble,
To bind up the wounded of heart,
To proclaim release to the captives,
Liberation to the imprisoned;
The spirit of the Lord God is upon me, Because the Lord has anointed me: This chapter of Isaiah can be interpreted in three ways to fit three men. Isaiah, Cyrus of Persia and Elijah, the teacher of righteousness of Malachi 3 described in Isaiah 53 as G-d’s righteous servant upon whom the spirit of G-d alights upon. I am that man. The L-rd G-d’s anointed is anointed by G-d not with oil but by the spirit of G-d alighting upon him.
He has sent me as a herald of joy to the humble: Isaiah brings joy with his prophecy of G-d for those who heed and revere G-d in his time that tell of better times to come during Judah’s battles with the Assyrians and Chaldeans and Babylonians.
Cyrus of Persia proclaims his anointment by G-d and the liberation of the Assyrian/Babylon exiles to return to the unoccupied lands of Benjamin and Judah to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem.
Elijah is the herald that comes with the person of the spirit of G-d that alights upon him who is the angel of the covenant that the Jewish people desire. The covenant of the forgiveness of their sins G-d declared in Jeremiah 31.
2To proclaim a year of the Lord’s favor
And a day of vindication by our God;
To comfort all who mourn—
And a day of vindication by our God: The day of the L-rd in Malachi 3 and vindication are a part of the great, fearful day of the L-rd.
In Isaiah 51/22-23 G-d says “Thus said the Lord, your Lord, Your God who champions His people: Herewith I take from your hand The cup of reeling, The bowl, the cup of My wrath; You shall never drink it again. I will put it in the hands of your tormentors, Who have commanded you, “Get down, that we may walk over you”—So that you made your back like the ground, Like a street for passersby.”
The cup of G-d’s wrath has been passed to Christianity for His vindication. Those who worship a man and call him G-d and son of G-d. Those who believe G-d made a human sacrifice to mankind. A human sacrifice of His son for the forgiveness of sins. The G-d who forgives the sins of the Jewish people by speaking it to His prophets and having it written in scripture not once, but twice. The recurring theme of the Jewish Bible is exile, return, forgiveness and a new Temple. G-d is married to the Jewish people. He does not divorce and seek another.
When Jesus describes his cousin as John the Baptist he uses the very verse of Malachi 3/1 that says Elijah comes with the angel of the covenant which can only be the covenant of sin forgiveness for the Jewish people G-d declared in Jeremiah 31 for a time to come. There are no others to be brought in a time to come.
Jesus leaves out and omits the angel of the covenant of sin forgiveness for the Jewish people from the verse to fit the story he wanted everyone to believe. That he died for the sins of the Jewish people. If John the Baptist was Elijah as Jesus believed then Jesus believed they were already forgiven of their sins. And Jesus told no one. John for his part denied he was Elijah.
3To provide for the mourners in Zion—
To give them a turban instead of ashes,
The festive ointment instead of mourning,
A garment of splendor instead of a drooping spirit.
They shall be called terebinths of victory,
Planted by the Lord for His glory.
4And they shall build the ancient ruins,
Raise up the desolations of old,
And renew the ruined cities,
The desolations of many ages.
renew the ruined cities, The desolations of many ages: The Assyrian/Babylon exiles renewed the cities and the Roman exiles and dispersal have returned and renewed the ruined cities and the desolations of many ages.
In Jeremiah 31/38 after G-d declares the new covenant of sin forgiveness for a time to come He says “See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when the city shall be rebuilt for the Lord from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate; 39and the measuring line shall go straight out to the Gareb Hill, and then turn toward Goah. 40And the entire Valley of the Corpses and Ashes, and all the fields as far as the Wadi Kidron, and the corner of the Horse Gate on the east, shall be holy to the Lord. They shall never again be uprooted or overthrown.”
This is Jerusalem today. It cannot be Jerusalem in the days of Jesus and John the Baptist for the reason the Jewish people were uprooted and overthrown by Rome and dispersed and exiled throughout the world. The time to come of sin forgiveness was for the return of the Roman dispersal and desolation of the lands of Abraham. Today, when there is a Temple to be built for G-d to return to.
G-d could see Greece and Rome and their mythology of G-d’s and men who are G-d’s in the days of Jeremiah and knew they were coming one day. And when they found the people of the Book of one G-d destruction and exile were coming with them.
G-d’s prophecy is based on absolute knowledge of humanity from beginning to end. In the days of Jeremiah it was time to look forward to the days of another Temple and G-d had Jeremiah write His words accordingly. G-d set it all up first with Isaiah 53 and finished it with Malachi 3. The day of the L-rd and the final Temple of G-d.
Sin forgiveness in the book of Isaiah for the Assyrian/Babylon exiles and the second Temple and sin forgiveness for the Roman exiles and the third Temple in the book of Jeremiah for a time to come. The time when Israel returns to the land of desolation and makes it bloom again and renews all of the old cities. And that is today.
5Strangers shall stand and pasture your flocks,
Aliens shall be your plowmen and vine-trimmers;
Strangers: In the return of the Assyrian/Babylon exiles the northern Kingdom was inhabited by gentiles imported by the Assyrians. Today, the stranger among the Israelites are the Israeli Arabs and Israeli Christians.
Aliens: The Palestinians.
6While you shall be called “Priests of the Lord,”
And termed “Servants of our God.”
You shall enjoy the wealth of nations
And revel in their riches.
While you shall be called “Priests of the Lord: The Assyrian/Babylon exiles were forgiven of all sins to become a Holy seed of G-d and rebuilt the second Temple. Elijah comes with the covenant of sin forgiveness for a Holy seed to rebuild the third Temple for G-d to return to suddenly. In the days of Jesus and John the Baptist G-d was in his temple and the people were not a Holy seed.
You shall enjoy the wealth of nations And revel in their riches: Israel is one of the greatest countries on earth. They have wealth equal to any nation for its size and live good happy lives.
7Because your shame was double—
Men cried, “Disgrace is their portion”—
They shall have a double share in their land,
Joy shall be theirs for all time.
8For I the Lord love justice,
I hate robbery with a burnt offering.
I will pay them their wages faithfully,
And make a covenant with them for all time.
9Their offspring shall be known among the nations,
Their descendants in the midst of the peoples.
All who see them shall recognize
That they are a stock the Lord has blessed.
All who see them shall recognize That they are a stock the Lord has blessed: Verses 8 and 9 are the Abrahamic covenant which is eternal but never complete until the vindication of the L-rd in the great, fearful day of the L-rd of Malachi 3. The recognition among the nations that the Jewish people are the stock the L-rd has blessed requires knowledge throughout the world that Judaism is the only religion of Abraham.
Knowledge and belief are not the same thing. This is poetic writing to be uplifting to the Jewish people as much as for those who hear it by word of mouth in the days of Isaiah and thereafter until today. The reality is the knowledge will be there and most people of the world will ignore it. But it will be better than it has ever been.
And that begins with the covenant of sin forgiveness of the Jewish people and the teachings of Elijah that brings the many who will be made righteous back to the Jewish family of Judaism. The many who are made righteous of Isaiah 53 that describes Elijah are those that are reconciled by Elijah to heed and revere the name of the L-rd. (and those Christians who convert to Judaism). Their past sins are forgiven but they have to return to Synagogue and the practice of Judaism.
10I greatly rejoice in the Lord,
My whole being exults in my God.
For He has clothed me with garments of triumph,
Wrapped me in a robe of victory,
Like a bridegroom adorned with a turban,
Like a bride bedecked with her finery.
11For as the earth brings forth her growth
And a garden makes the seed shoot up,
So the Lord God will make
Victory and renown shoot up
In the presence of all the nations.
So the Lord God will make Victory and renown shoot up In the presence of all the nations: