31Then he took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished.
32For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on:
33And they shall scourge him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again. Luke Chapter 18/31-33 Holy Bible KJV.
25Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:
26Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
27And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. Luke Chapter 24/25-27 Holy Bible KJV.
39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. John 5/39 Holy Bible KJV.
46 For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me. 47 But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words? John 5/39 Holy Bible KJV.
21 For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps:
22 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:
23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously:
24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
25 For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls. 1 Peter 2/21-25 Holy Bible KJV.
34 Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.
35 For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.
36 And a man’s foes shall be they of his own household.
37 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me. Matthew 10/34-36 Holy Bible KJV.
The Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) consists of a collection of writings dating from approximately the 13th – 3rd centuries BCE. These books were included in the Jewish canon by the Talmudic sages at Yavneh around the end of the first century CE, after the destruction of the Second Temple. However, there are many other Jewish writings from the Second Temple Period which were excluded from the Tanakh; these are known as the Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha.
The Apocrypha (Greek, “hidden books”) are Jewish books from that period not preserved in the Tanakh, but included in the Latin (Vulgate) and Greek (Septuagint) Old Testaments. The Apocrypha are still regarded as part of the canon of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches, and as such, their number is fixed.
The term Pseudepigrapha (Greek, “falsely attributed”) was given to Jewish writings of the same period, which were attributed to authors who did not actually write them. This was widespread in Greco-Roman antiquity – in Jewish, Christian, and pagan circles alike. Books were attributed to pagan authors, and names drawn from the repertoire of biblical personalities, such as Adam, Noah, Enoch, Abraham, Moses, Elijah, Ezekiel, Baruch, and Jeremiah. The Pseudepigrapha resemble the Apocrypha in general character, yet were not included in the Bible, Apocrypha, or rabbinic literature.
In eleven caves near Qumran north-west of the Dead Sea parts of more than 700 ancient Jewish manuscripts were discovered in 1947. These had been written in the same period as the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, mostly in Hebrew, with a lesser number in Aramaic and even fewer in Greek. The Dead Sea Scrolls, as they came to be known, are assumed to have been the library of a sectarian community at Qumran.
The Great Isaiah Scroll (1QIsaa) is one of the original seven Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in Qumran in 1947. It is the largest (734 cm) and best preserved of all the biblical scrolls, and the only one that is almost complete. The 54 columns contain all 66 chapters of the Hebrew version of the biblical Book of Isaiah. Dating from ca. 125 BCE, it is also one of the oldest of the Dead Sea Scrolls, some one thousand years older than the oldest manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible known to us before the scrolls’ discovery.
The version of the text is generally in agreement with the traditional version codified in medieval codices, but it contains many variant readings, alternative spellings, scribal errors, and corrections. Around twenty additional copies of the Book of Isaiah were also found at Qumran.
From: Jewish Holy Scriptures: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha; Jewishvirtuallibrary.org (edited).
The books that are found in the Bible were selected on account of their divine inspiration. These texts have become a governing guide for the Jewish people. Nevertheless, there are numerous other texts that never made it into the Bible, many of which are lost today. This choosing of texts for the Bible is referred to as canonization, a method of measuring a text’s importance. Canonization is the long procedure of collecting and sequencing of the texts in an order of authority and importance.
The Pentateuch (Torah), as we know it today, was completed during the Babylonian exile, by the time of Ezra. The Neviim (Prophets) were finalized during the Persian era, approximately 323 B.C.E. The conclusion of the last section of the Bible, ketuvim (Writings) is debated; however, a majority of scholars believe its final canonization occurred in the second century C.E.
The canon of the Hebrew Bible is somewhat different than that of the Greek Bible (which is the basis for the Christian Bible). The Greek Bible includes several additional books, which were not accepted into the Hebrew Bible. These texts include – 1-4 Maccabees, Judith, and Psalms of Solomon. Furthermore, the two Bibles differ in their sequence of the texts and writings, as well as the order of importance in the placement of texts.
Jewish Holy Scriptures: Canonization; Jewishvirtuallibrary.org
1Behold, I am sending My messenger to clear the way before Me, and the Lord whom you seek shall come to His Temple suddenly. As for the angel of the covenant that you desire, he is already coming. Malachi 3/1 Tanakh JPS 1985.
22Be mindful of the Teaching of My servant Moses, whom I charged at Horeb with laws and rules for all Israel. 23Lo, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before the coming of the awesome, fearful day of the Lord. 24He shall reconcile parents with children and children with their parents, so that, when I come, I do not strike the whole land with utter destruction.
Lo, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before
the coming of the awesome, fearful day of the Lord. Malachi 3/22-24 Tanakh JPS 1985.
10But the Lord chose to crush him by disease, That, if he made himself an offering for guilt, He might see offspring and have long life, And that through him the Lord’s purpose might prosper. Isaiah 53/10 Tanakh JPS 1985.
“Then he took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: And they shall scourge him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again.”
The Tanakh, Great Scroll of Isaiah, Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha are all of the possible scripture that Jesus could be referencing and not one Book mentions a Son of man (which means a person of mankind), G-d’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53, a son of G-d, a man who is G-d or any other man to be delivered to the gentiles, mocked, scourged and put to death.
“And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.”
The Tanakh, Great Scroll of Isaiah, Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha are all of the possible scripture that Jesus could be referencing and not one Book mentions a human son of G-d, a man who is G-d, a man to be delivered to the gentiles, mocked, scourged and put to death, a man who dies for the sins of other men, any man who is to rise from the dead on the third day, or a man who is sacrificed or made to sacrifice himself by G-d.
After the death of Jesus Apostle Peter taught that Jesus was the man described in Isaiah 53 saying:
“For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: Who did no sin (53/12), neither was guile found in his mouth: Who, when he was reviled (53/3), reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not (53/7); but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously (53/11): Who his own self bare our sins (53/5-6) in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed (53/5). For ye were as sheep going astray (53/6); but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.”
Jesus does not fit the most important verse of Isaiah 53 and Peter did not know that Isaiah 53 describes Elijah of Malachi 3.
G-d’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53 is made suitable for G-d’s purpose which “might” prosper and that purpose which “might” prosper is found in Elijah who shall reconcile parents with children and children with their parents by being mindful of the Teaching of G-d’s servant Moses whom He charged at Horeb (Sinai) with laws and rules for all Israel, so that, when G-d comes to return to His Temple it has been rebuilt and He does not strike the whole land with utter destruction.
Elijah is to reconcile the Jewish people one to the other through Judaism and HaShem and if Elijah does not do this G-d’s purpose in having His Temple rebuilt and return to it quickly to dwell on earth with the Jewish people again on His Holy Mount Zion will not prosper. In the time of Jesus and John the Baptist G-d was dwelling in His Temple. The purpose of Isaiah 53 and Malachi 3 was for a time when the Temple was to be rebuilt.
Jesus had nothing to do with this purpose of G-d that might prosper of Isaiah 53 and Malachi 3 saying:
“Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law. And a man’s foes shall be they of his own household. He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.”
The pivotal and most important verse of Isaiah 53 is verse 10: “But the Lord chose to crush him by disease, That, if he made himself an offering for guilt, He might see offspring and have long life, And that through him the Lord’s purpose might prosper.”
Jesus was never crushed by disease and there are no testimonies in the New Testament that Jesus offered himself for guilt to G-d and he did not have children or a long life.
I offered myself for guilt to G-d and the offer was accepted. I did not know what an offering for guilt meant at the time G-d began speaking to me and revealing His power and the weight of His presence. G-d had to teach me the scripture first. One night G-d told me to read Isaiah 53 and when I finished He asked who I thought that was. I said I did not know and G-d said that is you. From there we went back to the first verse and He began to show me how I fit the description and Jesus does not
I cannot begin to describe how painful it has been and I have been through cancer and many injuries and sorrowful times. I became guilty of sins that were not my own and G-d sentenced me to maltreatment, chastisement, crushing, bruising and punishment by His hand, power and words until suitable for His purpose.
My Midrash of Isaiah 53: Suffering Servant Jesus Christ, Suffering Servant Israel or G-d’s Righteous Servant Keith Ellis McCarty (Elijah) discusses each and every verse of Isaiah 53.
Jesus said “Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me” and “For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me.”
The scriptures do give eternal life but they do not testify of Jesus and Moses did not write a single word about Jesus.
I am G-d’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53 the teacher of righteousness. The scripture testifies of me and Moses wrote of me. I am the prophet like Moses. I speak to G-d face to face, G-d speaks to me as one friend to another, G-d speaks to me whenever He so desires, I speak to G-d whenever I so desire and I write His words exactly as He speaks them. Just like Moses.
That includes all of the commentaries on this wordpress site. G-d teaches me the material and then dictates the commentary which I type. He makes it a very involved process with many edits and changes to make me feel that I am participating but when the “publish” button is pressed it is at His command and the writing and commentary is all His.
This is scripture that has not been canonized. Scripture written not by divine inspiration but written at the command and direction of G-d. Just as The Torah was written by Moses. The Writings and The Prophets were written for the most part in the same manner.
After World War II, the Jewish Publication Society began to consider a new edition of the Bible and the concept of a completely new translation gradually took hold and the task was begun in 1955.
Harry M. Orlinsky, Professor of Bible at Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (New York) was editor-in-chief along with H. L. Ginsberg, Professor of the Bible at the Jewish Theological Seminary, and Ephraim A. Speiser, Professor of Semitic and Oriental Languages at the University of Pennsylvania, as fellow editors.
Associated with them were three rabbis: Max Arzt, Bernard J. Bamberger, and Harry Freedman, representing the Conservative, Reform, and Orthodox branches of organized Jewish religious life.
Copyright @ 1985 by the Jewish Publication Society.