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12The Lord said to Moses, “Come up to Me on the mountain and wait there, and I will give you the stone tablets with the teachings and commandments which I have inscribed to instruct them.” 13So Moses and his attendant Joshua arose, and Moses ascended the mountain of God. 14To the elders he had said, “Wait here for us until we return to you. You have Aaron and Hur with you; let anyone who has a legal matter approach them.”

15When Moses had ascended the mountain, the cloud covered the mountain. 16The Presence of the Lord abode on Mount Sinai, and the cloud hid it for six days. On the seventh day He called to Moses from the midst of the cloud. 17Now the Presence of the Lord appeared in the sight of the Israelites as a consuming fire on the top of the mountain. 18Moses went inside the cloud and ascended the mountain; and Moses remained on the mountain forty days and forty nights.     Exodus 24/12-18 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

15Thereupon Moses turned and went down from the mountain bearing the two tablets of the Pact, tablets inscribed on both their surfaces: they were inscribed on the one side and on the other. 16The tablets were God’s work, and the writing was God’s writing, incised upon the tablets. 17When Joshua heard the sound of the people in its boisterousness, he said to Moses, “There is a cry of war in the camp.” 18But he answered,
“It is not the sound of the tune of triumph,
Or the sound of the tune of defeat;
It is the sound of song that I hear!”     Exodus 32/15-18 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

7Now Moses would take the Tent and pitch it outside the camp, at some distance from the camp. It was called the Tent of Meeting, and whoever sought the Lord would go out to the Tent of Meeting that was outside the camp. 8Whenever Moses went out to the Tent, all the people would rise and stand, each at the entrance of his tent, and gaze after Moses until he had entered the Tent. 9And when Moses entered the Tent, the pillar of cloud would descend and stand at the entrance of the Tent, while He spoke with Moses. 10When all the people saw the pillar of cloud poised at the entrance of the Tent, all the people would rise and bow low, each at the entrance of his tent. 11The Lord would speak to Moses face to face, as one man speaks to another. And he would then return to the camp; but his attendant, Joshua son of Nun, a youth, would not stir out of the Tent.     Exodus 33/7-11 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

28And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he ate no bread and drank no water; and he wrote down on the tablets the terms of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.

29So Moses came down from Mount Sinai. And as Moses came down from the mountain bearing the two tablets of the Pact, Moses was not aware that the skin of his face was radiant, since he had spoken with Him. 30Aaron and all the Israelites saw that the skin of Moses’ face was radiant; and they shrank from coming near him. 31But Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the chieftains in the assembly returned to him, and Moses spoke to them. 32Afterward all the Israelites came near, and he instructed them concerning all that the Lord had imparted to him on Mount Sinai. 33And when Moses had finished speaking with them, he put a veil over his face.

34Whenever Moses went in before the Lord to speak with Him, he would leave the veil off until he came out; and when he came out and told the Israelites what he had been commanded, 35the Israelites would see how radiant the skin of Moses’ face was. Moses would then put the veil back over his face until he went in to speak with Him.     Exodus 34/28-35 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

8From the tribe of Ephraim, Hosea son of Nun.     Numbers 13/8 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

16Those were the names of the men whom Moses sent to scout the land; but Moses changed the name of Hosea son of Nun to Joshua.     Numbers 13/16 Tanakh JPS 1985.

 

Commentary:

On the first ascent of Moses to the Mountain for forty days and nights and return with the Ten Commandments his attendant Joshua was with him.

After Moses descended and would enter and exit the Tent of Meeting the Lord would speak to Moses face to face as one man speaks to another. And he would then return to the camp; but his attendant, Joshua son of Nun, a youth, would not stir out of the Tent.

Joshua did not leave the Tent of Meeting where Moses would speak to G-d face to face and at this time the face of Moses was not seen as radiant.

When Moses ascends the Mountain the second time for forty days and nights and returns with the Ten Commandments the skin of his face is radiant and thereafter when he enters and exits the Tent of Meeting the skin of his face is radiant.

And Joshua is not mentioned again on the Mountain or in the Tent. Joshua the attendant represents the person of the spirit of the Holy G-d who has alighted upon and dwells within (and without) Moses of the radiant face.

Moses had become a host of the L-rd of Hosts. A man with divine beings. Just like the man who wrestles with Jacob all night Moses wrestled with Israel all the way to the promised land.

And I became a host of the Lord of Hosts in 2007 when the spirit of G-d and the person of the spirit of the Holy G-d alighted upon me in fulfillment of Isaiah 11/2. I am by fulfilled prophecy the descendant of David through Solomon of the stump of Jesse and the tribe of Judah.

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