19I am about to do something new (“a new thing” Tanakh JPS 1917);
Even now it shall come to pass,
Suddenly you shall perceive it:
I will make a road through the wilderness
And rivers in the desert.
28So I profaned the holy princes;
I abandoned Jacob to proscription
And Israel to mockery. Isaiah 43/19 and 28 Tanakh JPS 1985
31See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when I will make a new covenant with the House of Israel and the House of Judah.
32It will not be like the covenant I made with their fathers, when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, a covenant which they broke, though I espoused them—declares the Lord.
33But such is the covenant I will make with the House of Israel after these days—declares the Lord: I will put My Teaching into their inmost being and inscribe it upon their hearts. Then I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
34No longer will they need to teach one another and say to one another, “Heed the Lord“; for all of them, from the least of them to the greatest, shall heed Me—declares the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquities, And remember their sins no more.
35Thus said the Lord,
Who established the sun for light by day,
The laws of moon and stars for light by night,
Who stirs up the sea into roaring waves,
Whose name is Lord of Hosts:
36If these laws should ever be annulled by Me
—declares the Lord—
Only then would the offspring of Israel cease
To be a nation before Me for all time.
37Thus said the Lord: If the heavens above could be measured, and the foundations of the earth below could be fathomed, only then would I reject all the offspring of Israel for all that they have done—declares the Lord.
38See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when the city shall be rebuilt for the Lord from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate; 39and the measuring line shall go straight out to the Gareb Hill, and then turn toward Goah. 40And the entire Valley of the Corpses and Ashes, and all the fields as far as the Wadi Kidron, and the corner of the Horse Gate on the east, shall be holy to the Lord. They shall never again be uprooted or overthrown. Jeremiah 31/31-40 Tanakh JPS 1985
(Jewish Virtual Library “New Testament”)
At the beginning of the second century, only the Hebrew Bible counted as inspired Scripture for Christians. By the end of that century, almost all the 27 books had widely acquired that status and Christian writers were speaking of Scripture as “the writings of the Old Covenant and of the New Covenant.” The contrast is derived from the expression “new covenant” of Jeremiah 31:31 (30), which receives various interpretations in the NT books. The English names “Old Testament” and “New Testament” reflect the translation of that expression in Latin versions of the NT.
(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: “New Covenant”)
The key New Testament chapter for the Christian concept of the New Covenant is Hebrews 8, a portion of which is quoted below:
6 But now Jesus has obtained a superior ministry, since the covenant that he mediates is also better and is enacted on better promises. 7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second. 8 For he finds fault with them when he says: “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 9 not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt. For they did not continue in my covenant, and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord. 10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 11 And they shall not teach, each one his neighbor and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest. 12 For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more.” 13 In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. Hebrews 8/6-13 Holy Bible KJV
27(Jesus) This is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
Luke 7/27 Holy Bible KJV
1Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.
Malachi 3/1 Holy Bible KJV
22(Jesus) Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.
John 4/22 Holy Bible KJV
1I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
26And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:
27For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.
Romans 11/1 and 26-27 Holy Bible KJV
In the Tanakh G-d declares a new covenant with the Jewish people saying: “I will put My Teaching into their inmost being and inscribe it upon their hearts. Then I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
34No longer will they need to teach one another and say to one another, “Heed the Lord“; for all of them, from the least of them to the greatest, shall heed Me—declares the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquities, And remember their sins no more.”
In the Book of Malachi the last words of G-d on the subject of this covenant is:
1Behold, I am sending My messenger to clear the way before Me, and the Lord whom you seek shall come to His Temple suddenly. As for the angel of the covenant that you desire, he is already coming.
“22Be mindful of the Teaching of My servant Moses, whom I charged at Horeb with laws and rules for all Israel.
23Lo, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before the coming of the awesome, fearful day of the Lord.”
24He shall reconcile parents with children and children with their parents, so that, when I come, I do not strike the whole land with utter destruction. Lo, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before the coming of the awesome, fearful day of the Lord. Malachi 3/22-24 JPS Tanakh 1985
The angel of the covenant is the angel of the “new” covenant where G-d forgives Israel for all of their iniquities and remembers their sins no more. This angel is already on the way when Elijah the messenger is sent. Then G-d says to be mindful of His teachings for all of Israel and that Elijah will reconcile parents with children and children with parents.
He will return to His Temple quickly when Elijah and the angel are together to turn the hearts of those who will believe back to the teachings of HaShem, which will reconcile Jewish families to the practice of Judaism.
This is not Torah written on the hearts of all men and there will still be a need for teachers and Rabbis according to Malachi, where G-d says to be “mindful” of His teachings given to Moses and it is necessary for Elijah to reconcile Jewish families to the practice of Judaism. The important part is the forgiveness of all sins.
The acknowledgement of the Jewish people of the return of Elijah as part of Judaic prophecy should go far in bringing the practice of Judaism back to the people Israel.
Elijah comes with the angel of the covenant before G-d returns to His Temple. Elijah does not come before the King Messiah to clear the way for him. There is no scripture that supports such a teaching or belief.
If G-d is going to return to His Temple and it must be built during the days of the King Messiah they have to be one and the same person unless the King Messiah comes before Elijah and prepares the way for him. That is not supported by the scripture.
Jeremiah 31/38 says: “See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when the city shall be rebuilt for the Lord from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate; 39and the measuring line shall go straight out to the Gareb Hill, and then turn toward Goah. 40And the entire Valley of the Corpses and Ashes, and all the fields as far as the Wadi Kidron, and the corner of the Horse Gate on the east, shall be holy to the Lord. They shall never again be uprooted or overthrown.”
This is Jerusalem today. Israel shall never be uprooted or overthrown again.
As for the new covenant according to the unknown writer of the Book of Hebrews G-d made a mistake. His first forgiveness of the sins of the Jewish people had faults. That G-d’s new covenant made the first covenant of no use in these two verses: “7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second.” And “13 In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.”
According to Hebrews the new thing G-d did in forgiving the sins of the Jewish people when they returned from Babylon cannot be repeated for the Jewish people by the covenant of sin forgiveness of the Jewish people in a time to come with Elijah and the angel of that covenant because G-d made a mistake and therefore such covenants are obsolete and not to be repeated. G-d does not make mistakes and Hebrews is wrong.
The first sin forgiveness was not obsolete it was absolute one time and all of the sins of the Jewish people from Abraham forward were forgiven at the building of the second Temple. It will be absolute the second time also.
Jesus uses the book of Malachi to describe John the Baptist as the messenger Elijah. He omits any mention of the covenant that comes with Elijah. The covenant of sin forgiveness of the Jewish people that is with the angel of the covenant that arrives with Elijah. He certainly knew the verses and he knew the covenant was salvation of the Jews. Sin forgiveness.
Jesus said to the gentile ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. The only salvation of the Jews comes through atonement and repentance and prayer for forgiveness and G-d’s acceptance (except in the time of sin forgiveness when the acceptance is given freely for G-d’s name sake). That is not a scripture teaching that fits the story of Jesus or is ever taught by him or his followers.
Atonement and repentance and prayer for forgiveness are for all people of the world in the Jewish bible. Salvation just for the Jews as Jesus said is a reference to the covenant of sin forgiveness that is heralded by Elijah. Jesus knew if John was Elijah the covenant of sin forgiveness was with him. He also knew G-d returns to His temple quickly when Elijah arrives. G-d did not return to His Temple and it was burned to the ground by the Romans and the Jewish people exiled from the land He promised them. That is not the scripture. After Elijah returns the people of Israel are never uprooted again and Israel is forever secure. The repeating story of destruction and exile ends in the end times.
Jesus may have thought at one time he satisfied the book of Isaiah and Isaiah 53 which was not possible in his day so he went from Messiah to being G-d and then combining the two. The stories go back and forth on this issue. Sometimes Jesus is Messiah and sometimes he is G-d with regard to the use of the Jewish scripture. None of which was fulfilled by Jesus or John the Baptist and G-d has never been a man (in whole or in part).
The Apostle Paul said hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. And he also said all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins. Paul also knew of the covenant of sin forgiveness.
Isaiah 53 describes Elijah who is the Messiah. It does not describe Messiah who is G-d.
The forgiveness of the sins of the Jewish people is for G-d’s Name, His Glory, the building of His Temple and an expression of His warm embrace of His children who have returned to Israel.