Isaiah Chapter 11
1But a shoot shall grow out of the stump of Jesse,
A twig shall sprout from his stock.
the stump of Jesse, A twig shall sprout from his stock: Isaiah prophetically refers to the “stump” of Jesse, father of King David, as a prophetic announcement of the “Curse of Jeconia”, the cutting down of the line of Kings in the Books of Samuel and Kings, the branch of David forbidden to ever rule over Judah in Jerusalem again, the line set forth in the Book of Matthew of the New Testament, the line of Jesus. The anointed king will come from a line of Kings David and Solomon not banished.
2The spirit of the Lord shall alight upon him:
A spirit of wisdom and insight,
A spirit of counsel and valor,
A spirit of devotion and reverence for the Lord.
A spirit of devotion and reverence for the Lord: These attributes of the spirit of G-d are upon G-d’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53. Isaiah 53/11 says of the servant with regard to the purpose of G-d: He shall enjoy it to the full through his devotion. “My righteous servant makes the many righteous,”.
3He shall sense the truth by his reverence for the Lord:
He shall not judge by what his eyes behold,
Nor decide by what his ears perceive.
He shall not judge by what his eyes behold, Nor decide by what his ears perceive: The man described has the spirit of the Lord with him and where the Lord’s spirit is so is the Lord. His opinions and decisions are determined by the words of G-d to him not by what he sees and hears.
4Thus he shall judge the poor with equity
And decide with justice for the lowly of the land.
He shall strike down a land with the rod of his mouth
And slay the wicked with the breath of his lips.
He shall strike down a land with the rod of his mouth: He will be a great speaker and orator and the world will hear that Judaism is the only religion of Abraham.
5Justice shall be the girdle of his loins,
And faithfulness the girdle of his waist.
Justice shall be the girdle of his loins, And faithfulness the girdle of his waist: Several scriptures in the Bible make use of the girdle (belt) as a symbol for readiness and preparation. Justice and the whole of morality is the authoritative command of God. This servant of G-d who is more fully described in Isaiah 53 is prepared and made ready for the commands of G-d in devotion and faithfulness.
6The wolf shall dwell with the lamb,
The leopard lie down with the kid;
The calf, the beast of prey, and the fatling together,
With a little boy to herd them.
The wolf shall dwell with the lamb, The leopard lie down with the kid; The calf, the beast of prey, and the fatling together, With a little boy to herd them: In the Books of the Prophets many different ideas are presented on the times of the Messiah. From a world that is a peaceful utopian; a world subservient to the Jew; a world ruled by G-d himself to the more reasonable and rational that it will be a time that Israel is secure (Jeremiah). Isaiah 64 provides a more sinister end times world “16For with fire will the Lord contend, With His sword, against all flesh; And many shall be the slain of the Lord” and “24They shall go out and gaze On the corpses of the men who rebelled against Me: Their worms shall not die, Nor their fire be quenched; They shall be a horror To all flesh. And new moon after new moon, And sabbath after sabbath, All flesh shall come to worship Me—said the Lord”.
7The cow and the bear shall graze,
Their young shall lie down together;
And the lion, like the ox, shall eat straw.
8A babe shall play
Over a viper’s hole,
And an infant pass his hand
Over an adder’s den.
And an infant pass his hand Over an adder’s den: Symbolism with the animal kingdom of peace on earth.
9In all of My sacred mount
Nothing evil or vile shall be done;
For the land shall be filled with devotion to the Lord
As water covers the sea.
My sacred mount: Zion; Jerusalem.
the land: Israel.
10In that day,
The stock of Jesse that has remained standing
Shall become a standard to peoples—
Nations shall seek his counsel
And his abode shall be honored.
Nations shall seek his counsel: This servant of G-d is more fully described in Isaiah 53 which begins in Isaiah 52/14-15. In verse 15 “Just so he shall startle many nations. Kings shall be silenced because of him, For they shall see what has not been told them, Shall behold what they never have heard.” The Nations (gentiles) will be surprised of the report of witnesses that the true anointed king messiah has come and he is not the return of Jesus. He is Elijah the messenger and the G-d of Israel not Jesus or Allah will return to His Temple quickly (Malachi) when it is rebuilt. Nevertheless, gentiles will seek the counsel of this servant of G-d who will have the wisdom of Solomon. His abode will be honored not a throne. There is no reference by Isaiah to a kingdom for this twig from the stump of Jesse.
11In that day, My Lord will apply His hand again to redeeming the other part of His people from Assyria—as also from Egypt, Pathros, Nubia, Elam, Shinar, Hamath, and the coastlands.
My Lord will apply His hand again to redeeming the other part of His people from Assyria: The kingdom of Assyria extended from Babylonia northward to the Kurdish mountains and at times included the country westward to the Euphrates and the Khabur. It became part of the Persian empire under Cyrus the Monarch after the Babylon exile of Judah. Long before Isaiah wrote this the tribes of Reuben, Gad and the ½ tribe of Manasseh had been deported to Assyria. During the days of Isaiah the north Kingdom of Samaria (also called Israel and Ephraim) were deported north-west of Babylon (Iraq) and to the towns of Media (Iran). Long after the death of Isaiah the Kingdom of Judah was deported to Babylon (Iraq). This prophecy was fulfilled according to the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah. Israel, not just Judah and Benjamin returned to build the second Temple. Today this would apply to the exiled of the Roman destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple throughout the world.
12He will hold up a signal to the nations
And assemble the banished of Israel,
And gather the dispersed of Judah
From the four corners of the earth.
And assemble the banished of Israel And gather the dispersed of Judah: Assembling Israel and gathering the dispersed of Judah is a reference to not only the north and south kingdoms but also Reuben, Dan and the 1/2 tribe of Manasseh from across the River Jordan. The man described did not appear in the time of the return of the Assyrian exiles and today the assembling and gathering has been happening for almost seventy years in Israel. The Babylonian exile of Judah was seventy years.
13Then Ephraim’s envy shall cease
And Judah’s harassment shall end;
Ephraim shall not envy Judah,
And Judah shall not harass Ephraim.
Ephraim shall not envy Judah, And Judah shall not harass Ephraim: “though Judah became more powerful than his brothers and a leader came from him, yet the birthright belonged to Joseph.” (1 Chronicles 5/2) . Ephraim and Manasseh were allotted their lands first. This caused friction. Judah ruled from Jerusalem and Ephraim in the town of Samaria (primarily). This caused envy. Ephraim and Manasseh were step-brothers. Half bloods. This caused friction. The only rulers of both Kingdoms were David and Solomon of Judah. This caused envy.
14They shall pounce on the back of Philistia to the west,
And together plunder the peoples of the east;
Edom and Moab shall be subject to them
And the children of Ammon shall obey them.
They: The children of Israel: Ephraim, Manasseh, Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Joseph and Benjamin who are the Jewish people.
15The Lord will dry up the tongue of the Egyptian sea.—He will raise His hand over the Euphrates with the might of His wind and break it into seven wadis, so that it can be trodden dry-shod.
The Lord will dry up the tongue of the Egyptian sea.—He will raise His hand over the Euphrates with the might of His wind: Redemption by reference to the parting of the Red Sea in the exodus from Egypt when G-d redeemed the Israelites with His servant Moses.
16Thus there shall be a highway for the other part of His people out of Assyria, such as there was for Israel when it left the land of Egypt.
His people out of Assyria: All of the tribes of Israel. The highway was provided by declaration of Cyrus of Persia that all of Israel could return to Jerusalem to build the second Temple. A new highway was created for the Roman exiles by the creation of the nation of Israel. To build the third Temple.