6The Lord has a sword; it is sated with blood, It is gorged with fat— The blood of lambs and he-goats, The kidney fat of rams. For the Lord holds a sacrifice in Bozrah, A great slaughter in the land of Edom.
8For it is the Lord’s day of retribution, The year of vindication for Zion’s cause. Isaiah 34/6 and 8 Tanakh JPS 1985.
In the Bible Edom is described as the eternal enemy of Israel (and Judah, Amos 1:11; Ezek. 35:5) who not only always oppressed Israel, but at the time of the destruction of the First Temple took advantage of the situation and seized control of parts of Judah (Ezek. 25:12; 35:5, 10, 2; Obad. 11–16), and it is hinted that Edom also took part in the destruction of Jerusalem (Ps. 137:7; Obad. 11) and even in that of the Temple itself (Obad. 16). At the end of the tannaitic period, and still more in the amoraic, the identification became very widespread, and the overwhelming majority of homilies about Edom speak explicitly of Rome. Thus it was stated that Rome was founded by the children of Esau, and Rome was identified as one of the cities of the chiefs of Esau enumerated at the end of Genesis 36 (these identifications occur not only in the Midrashim and the Talmuds but also in the Palestinian *Targums of the Torah and in the Targums to Lamentations and Esther). At a still later period the term became a synonym for Christian Rome. “EDOM” Jewish Virtual Library (edited).
Martin Luther – “The Jews & Their Lies”
At the beginning of his career, Martin Luther was apparently sympathetic to Jewish resistance to the Catholic Church. However, he expected the Jews to convert to his purified Christianity; when they did not, he turned violently against them.
Luther used violent and vulgar language throughout his career. While we do not expect religious figures to use this sort of language in the modern world, but it was not uncommon in the early 16th century.
The following are excerpts from Luther’s work entitled “The Jews & their Lies”:
I had made up my mind to write no more either about the Jews or against them. But since I learned that these miserable and accursed people do not cease to lure to themselves even us, that is, the Christians, I have published this little book, so that I might be found among those who opposed such poisonous activities of the Jews who warned the Christians to be on their guard against them. I would not have believed that a Christian could be duped by the Jews into taking their exile and wretchedness upon himself. However, the devil is the god of the world, and wherever God’s word is absent he has an easy task, not only with the weak but also with the strong. May God help us. Amen.
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He did not call them Abraham’s children, but a “brood of vipers” [Matt. 3:7]. Oh, that was too insulting for the noble blood and race of Israel, and they declared, “He has a demon’ [Matt 11:18]. Our Lord also calls them a “brood of vipers”; furthermore in John 8 [:39,44] he states: “If you were Abraham’s children ye would do what Abraham did…. You are of your father the devil. It was intolerable to them to hear that they were not Abraham’s but the devil’s children, nor can they bear to hear this today.
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Therefore the blind Jews are truly stupid fools…
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Now just behold these miserable, blind, and senseless people … their blindness and arrogance are as solid as an iron mountain.
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Learn from this, dear Christian, what you are doing if you permit the blind Jews to mislead you. Then the saying will truly apply, “When a blind man leads a blind man, both will fall into the pit” [cf. Luke 6:39]. You cannot learn anything from them except how to misunderstand the divine commandments…
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Therefore be on your guard against the Jews, knowing that wherever they have their synagogues, nothing is found but a den of devils in which sheer self¬glory, conceit, lies, blasphemy, and defaming of God and men are practiced most maliciously and veheming his eyes on them.
From: Jewishvirtuallibrary.com (introduction and beginning of Martin’s essay).
Thus said the Lord, your Lord,
Your God who champions His people:
Herewith I take from your hand
The cup of reeling,
The bowl, the cup of My wrath;
You shall never drink it again.
I will put it in the hands of your tormentors,
Who have commanded you,
“Get down, that we may walk over you”—
So that you made your back like the ground,
Like a street for passersby. Isaiah 51/22-23 Tanakh JPS 1985.
4Nevermore shall you be called “Forsaken,”
Nor shall your land be called “Desolate”;
But you shall be called “I delight in her,”
And your land “Espoused.”
For the Lord takes delight in you,
And your land shall be espoused. Isaiah 62/4 Tanakh JPS 1985.
In Isaiah 51 G-d removes His wrath from the Jewish people and places it on those who tormented them, that told them to get on the ground and walked over them.
In Isaiah 53 HaShem describes His righteous servant whom He crushes so that His servant will make himself an offering for guilt in return for long life to serve G-d’s purpose which the servant enjoys through his devotion to G-d.
The cup of the wrath of G-d did not pass to the tormentors of the Jewish people in the life of Jesus who said he was the man described in Isaiah 53. After the death of Jesus came the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by Rome, the dispersal of the Jewish people throughout the world, Christianity, Mohammad and Islam, the Spanish Inquisition, numerous pogroms and the Holocaust.
The Jewish people have returned to the land of Israel from the Roman dispersal and by their toil have made the desolate land bloom as G-d said it would in the time of the redemption.
The L-rd’s righteous servant has arrived as the teacher of righteousness. Elijah has arrived with the covenant of sin forgiveness. The prophet like Moses has arrived writing the words of the L-rd. The son of David has arrived to fight battles. And they are all one person. The man described in Isaiah 53. Keith Ellis McCarty.
I offered myself for guilt to G-d in return for long life to serve His purpose. He has refined me through the affliction of punishment by His very hand, His power, and by chastisement, His very words and voice.
The cup of G-d’s reeling and wrath has passed to the tormentors of the Jewish people. Those who told the Jewish people to get down on the ground and walked over them G-d now trods over. Christianity.
I am a host of the L-rd of Hosts. Unlike all other human beings who are self contained vessels of spirit His spirit now flows through me. My communication with G-d and the person of the spirit of the Holy G-d is instant and constant.
The Presence of G-d and the person of His spirit who is the angel of His Presence are always with me. Always.
And Jesus was not the man described in Isaiah 53.