6The Lord has a sword; it is sated with blood, It is gorged with fat— The blood of lambs and he-goats, The kidney fat of rams. For the Lord holds a sacrifice in Bozrah, A great slaughter in the land of Edom. Isaiah 34/6 Tanakh JPS 1985.
1Who is this coming from Edom, In crimsoned garments from Bozrah— Who is this, majestic in attire, Pressing forward in His great might? “It is I, who contend victoriously, Powerful to give triumph.”
2Why is your clothing so red, Your garments like his who treads grapes?
3″I trod out a vintage alone; Of the peoples no man was with Me. I trod them down in My anger, Trampled them in My rage; Their life-blood bespattered My garments, And all My clothing was stained. [Isaiah Chapter 63/1-3]
In the Bible Edom is described as the eternal enemy of Israel (and Judah, Amos 1:11; Ezek. 35:5) who not only always oppressed Israel, but at the time of the destruction of the First Temple took advantage of the situation and seized control of parts of Judah (Ezek. 25:12; 35:5, 10, 2; Obad. 11–16), and it is hinted that Edom also took part in the destruction of Jerusalem (Ps. 137:7; Obad. 11) and even in that of the Temple itself (Obad. 16). At the end of the tannaitic period, and still more in the amoraic, the identification became very widespread, and the overwhelming majority of homilies about Edom speak explicitly of Rome. Thus it was stated that Rome was founded by the children of Esau, and Rome was identified as one of the cities of the chiefs of Esau enumerated at the end of Genesis 36 (these identifications occur not only in the Midrashim and the Talmuds but also in the Palestinian *Targums of the Torah and in the Targums to Lamentations and Esther). At a still later period the term became a synonym for Christian Rome. To the Jews the Christian world appeared as the incarnation of Rome, symbolized by Edom or Esau, and as the evil power of this world bent on destroying Jacob, which – but for God’s promise and mercy – would have succeeded. “EDOM” Jewish Virtual Library (edited).
12″For thus said the Lord: If they who rightly should not drink of the cup must drink it, are you the one to go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished: you will have to drink! 13For by Myself I swear—declares the Lord—Bozrah shall become a desolation, a mockery, a ruin, and a curse; and all its towns shall be ruins for all time.”
16″Your horrible nature, Your arrogant heart has seduced you, You who dwell in clefts of the rock, Who occupy the height of the hill! Should you nest as high as the eagle, From there I will pull you down —declares the Lord…” Jeremiah 49/7, 12-13 and 16 Tanakh JPS 1985
Thus said the Lord, your Lord,
Your God who champions His people:
Herewith I take from your hand
The cup of reeling,
The bowl, the cup of My wrath;
You shall never drink it again.
I will put it in the hands of your tormentors,
Who have commanded you,
“Get down, that we may walk over you”—
So that you made your back like the ground,
Like a street for passersby. Isaiah 51/22-23 Tanakh JPS 1985.
The Lord coming from Edom is mentioned by many of the prophets in the Tanakh. The Lord was not allowed to pass through Edom in the Exodus with Moses and the Jewish people. This is an event yet to occur.
The simple interpretation of this prophecy is that the prophet like Moses with G-d as G-d was with Moses in the Exodus will come from Edom. The Christian world.
Isaiah 63/3 “I trod out a vintage alone; Of the peoples no man was with Me…”. Of the people Israel none are with G-d. He comes with a gentile from the Christian world.
And He is trodding on the tormentors who walked over the Jewish people to whom the cup of His reeling, the cup of His wrath has been passed. Those who took the Jewish Bible as their own and renamed the G-d of Israel whose name is unknown. Christianity. And G-d is using His righteous servant for this purpose.