The Jewish Publication Society began to consider a new edition of the Bible and the concept of a completely new translation gradually took hold and the task was begun in 1955. The new translation from Hebrew to English began after the Hebrew language was revived and made an official language of Israel and was first published in 1985. The Tanakh JPS 1985 is the Bible used for all scripture references in this book.
Introduction: Isaiah 53
1. The Leper Scholar
2. The Ancestral Tree
3. The Creation of the Angel of His Presence
4. The Angel of God’s Presence
5. A Spirit Entered Into Ezekiel
6. The Angel of the Lord
7. A Host of the Lord of Hosts
8. The Man Who Wrestled With Jacob
9. A Purpose That Might Prosper
10. The Cup of God’s Wrath
11. Torah Written On Every Heart
12. Creative Writing
13. God Creates And He Forms
14. Hebrew and Jew
15. The God of Elijah
16. John the Baptist was not Elijah
18. Signs and Portents
19. The Essenes Embodied Jesus
20. The New Covenant
21. David, Elijah and the Prophet like Moses vs. Jesus in Isaiah 53
22. David, Elijah and the Prophet Like Moses vs. “Israel” in Isaiah 53 (Guilt-Offering)
23. David, Elijah and the Prophet Like Moses vs. “Israel” in Isaiah 53 (Exaltation)
24. Resurrection of the Dead
25. Reckoning and Dismissed
28. Jesus and God’s Purpose Which Might Prosper
29. Another Proof of Elijah
30. Victory and Vindication
31. The New Heaven
32. God’s House of Prayer and His House in Heaven
33. God’s Power in Creation
34. Stirring the Spirit of Armies
35. Born with Iniquity
36. Maimonides (The Rambam)
37. The Sign of the Prophet
38. Jonah and the Righteous Servant of Isaiah 53
39. Job and the Righteous Servant of God
40. The Man Clothed in Linen is Elijah
41. Moses and the Angel
42. Moses and Joshua the Attendant
43, Moses and the Seventy Elders
Isaiah 53 describes an unnamed man who fulfills the roles of three men prophesied to return in the scripture and deliver two covenants. The new covenant of Jeremiah 31 and the covenant of friendship of Ezekiel 34 . The prophet like Moses prophesied by Moses in Deuteronomy 18/15, the descendant of King David upon whom the spirit of God alights in Isaiah 11/1-2, and Elijah the messenger and teacher of Malachi 3 all come together in the day of the Lord.
There are many unknowns in the teachings of the Sages and Rabbi’s and many misinterpretations that have lead to misconceptions on the era of redemption in Judaism. The heaven on earth where everyone in the world is perfected in the Hebrew language and practicing Judaism by a man referred to as King Moshiach is not only unrealistic it is not supported by the literal words of God.
And what was taught by the Sages and Rabbis of the Mishnah Torah and the Talmud is still taught today with one exception. Today the unnamed man of Isaiah 53 is said to be Israel the Jewish people collectively as one man. It is a false teaching.
God says that He is going to deal with the shepherds and have a reckoning of them for His flock and dismiss them from tending the flock and appoint His servant David to be a shepherd to them.
The Lord will be their God and David shall be a ruler among them and God will grant them a covenant of friendship.
The Sages and Rabbi’s do not mention their reckoning with God and dismissal when David the anointed one of Isaiah 11 comes in teaching the flock of the era of redemption.
God formed Israel in part to test the world and the world failed. None more so than the Christians. In the day of the Lord He does not have His anointed one perfect them and the world. He passes the cup of His wrath to them from the Jewish people in Isaiah 51.
Isaiah 53 is a proof that God had the prophets write their books at His command and direction. The creativity of the verses reveal His knowledge of the Christian story of Jesus in the days of Isaiah. A man sacrificed under the animal atonement and worship laws of the Torah. Laws requiring unblemished animals.
That is why the man described is familiar with disease and the only reason God crushes him with disease so that he will offer himself for guilt. Jesus, the unblemished lamb of God cannot be the man described. The man described is blemished with disease.
And the unnamed man accepts the guilt of the Jewish people only as a test as Abraham was tested in the binding of Issac. God’s righteous servant is Elijah and also the anointed one of Isaiah 11 God calls David. He also fulfills the role of the prophet like Moses in writing the words of God.
But as Elijah the new covenant has already arrived. The new covenant of sin forgiveness as God did as a “new thing” for the Assyrian/Babylon exiles and they became a Holy seed and rebuilt His Temple. There is another Temple to be built.
When he is tested to take the guilt of the Jewish people in return for long life but to endure maltreatment, punishment and chastisement to be made suitable for God’s purpose as Ezekiel was all of the sins of the Jewish people have been forgiven.
His offering of his self and soul is accepted by God though he does not vicariously bear the sins of the Jewish people (or the Christians in their theology). There are no sins to bear.
The Leper Scholar
The Oral Tradition and the Oral Law are necessary for an understanding of the laws given to Moses by the Lord. Such as what does celebrating Shabbat mean must be determined in the Oral Law.
Commentaries on the books of the Bible outside of the laws given to Moses by God at Horeb in the Torah are opinions and there were many disagreements among the Sages and Rabbi’s.
Rashi says in his introduction to Zachariah chapter One: “The prophecy: of Zechariah is extremely enigmatic, because it contains visions resembling a dream that requires an interpretation. We cannot ascertain the truth of its interpretation until the teacher of righteousness comes. Nonetheless, I will put my heart to reconciling the verses, one by one, according to the interpretations that resemble it and following the interpretation of Jonathan.”
Rashi is saying that he is just doing his best in his commentaries following the ways of Johnathan (who followed the ways of Rabbi Hillel). Rashi’s reference to the teacher of righteousness is to the man described in Isaiah 53 who makes the many righteous. The man to come that Rashi is expecting is the anointed one of Isaiah 11.
The Hebrew word Ha means “the” and Moshiach means “anointed one” and in Isaiah 11 the anointed one is from the line of David through Solomon by covenants and from the reference to the stump of Jesse who was the father of King David.
Rambam refers to the anointed one from the line of David through Solomon as King Moshiach. Isaiah 11 does not mention a King or a Kingdom. The only other mention of the anointed one is in Ezekiel 34 and God calls him My servant David. Not King David. A single shepherd to tend the flock and he shall be a ruler among them.
The unknown man described in Isaiah 53 is often referred to as the teacher of righteousness because of verse 11 where God says My righteous servant makes the many righteous. God’s righteous servant is the teacher of righteousness.
The teacher of righteousness is the anointed one of Isaiah 11. God’s servant David is God’s righteous servant, a single shepherd to tend the flock and be a ruler among them.
Rashi is often referred to as the first Rabbi to believe that the Jewish people as one man “Israel” are the unknown man described in Isaiah 53. His commentary on Isaiah 53 only indicates this in a few of the verses.
Rashi never actually says that Isaiah 53 describes the Jewish people in his commentary or explains how “Israel” fulfills all of the verses.
That is one reason for the differences of opinion among Rabbi’s today who believe that Israel can fulfill all of the verses of Isaiah 53. No one has ever been able to show how the Jewish people as one man fulfill all of the versus.
Israel was the father of the twelve tribes who were allotted lands in the promised land and the priestly tribe of the Levites and are today known as the Jewish people. Referring to the Jewish people as one man began early in the Bible.
The last reference being in the book of Ezra in his account of all thirteen tribes returning to the southern kingdom of the lands of Abraham and rebuilding the Temple of God (the northern kingdom was inhabited by gentiles imported by the Assyrians):
“When the seventh month arrived—the Israelites being settled in their towns—the entire people assembled as one man in Jerusalem. Ezra 3/1
The Sages did not believe Isaiah 53 described the Jewish people. They believed a single man was described and he was the anointed one. The Babylon Talmud called him the “Leper Scholar”:
“The Messiah –what is his name?…The Rabbis say, The Leper Scholar, as it is said, `surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him a leper, smitten of God and afflicted…’” (Sanhedrin 98b).
This is a commentary on Isaiah 53/4: “Yet it was our sickness that he was bearing, Our suffering that he endured. We accounted him plagued, Smitten and afflicted by God;”
There is no commentary by the Sages as to how the Jewish people as one man could fulfill all of the verses. The belief that Isaiah 53 describes the Jewish people means there is no description of the anointed one.
The Ancestral Tree
Isaiah 11/1 refers to the stump of Jesse, a shoot and a twig in connecting the anointed one to the line of King David:
“But a shoot shall grow out of the stump of Jesse, A twig shall sprout from his stock.”
Isaiah prophetically refers to the “stump” of Jesse (father of King David) as an announcement of the ending of the line of the Kings of Judah whose last King (Jeconia) was banished and the line terminated from ever ruling over Judah again.
A tree cut down.
The twig (anointed one) sprouts from the shoot (descendant) that grows out of the stump of the felled tree. A new ancestral tree.
In Isaiah 53/2 the man is described:
“For he has grown, by His favor, like a tree crown, Like a tree trunk out of arid ground…”
continuing the symbolism of an ancestral tree.
This man grows by the favor of God into a tree crown. From a sinful man whose life has been full of pain, suffering and sorrows familiar with disease to the crown of God’s anointed king.
The Sages were correct in their interpretation that Isaiah 53 describes the anointed one of Isaiah 11. There are other verses of Isaiah 11 that connect the anointed one to the man described in Isaiah 53:
“The stock of Jesse that has remained standing Shall become a standard to peoples— Nations shall seek his counsel And his abode shall be honored.” Isaiah 11/10
“By oppressive judgment he was taken away, Who could describe his abode? For he was cut off from the land of the living…..” Isaiah 53/8
“And his grave was set among the wicked, And with the rich, in his death—…….” Isaiah 53/9
“Assuredly, I will give him the many as his portion, He shall receive the multitude as his spoil……” Isaiah 53/12
The abode of the righteous servant is humble when the Lord cuts him off from the world of material things and society in Isaiah 53 and in the end the abode of the servant is one to be honored in Isaiah 11.
From a poor man to a rich man with a portion and spoil and an abode to be honored by the many as his portion and the multitude as his spoil.
The Rabbi’s today who believe Isaiah 53 describes the Jewish people have been left to their own analysis for this interpretation. And there are different opinions on how the Jewish people fulfill the verses of Isaiah 53.
Tovia Singer of Outreach Judaism and Jews for Judaism both believe Isaiah 53 describes Israel and they disagree with each other in their analysis. This is not unusual. Rabbi Nachmonides often disagreed with Rabbi Maimonides. And Maimonides did not believe Isaiah 53 described the people Israel disagreeing with Rashi.
Tovia Singer follows the Christian belief that God sacrifices His children by applying the animal atonement and worship laws of the Torah to human beings and Jews for Judaism believes in an “exaltation” of the Jewish people from the poetry and songs of the Lord.
The opinions and disagreements on the interpretation of Isaiah 53 are not a case of interpreting a vague law of God given to Moses whose meaning must be determined to be properly observed.
Those who believe Israel is described do not believe God’s righteous servant is the anointed one of Isaiah 11/1 or that God gave a description of him, Elijah or the prophet like Moses. All three are God’s righteous servant in one unnamed man.
The Creation of the Angel of His Presence
God created all things including spirit and souls that together form persons. The first person He created was the person of His spirit who is the angel of His Presence described in Isaiah 63.
“20I am sending an angel before you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have made ready. 21Pay heed to him and obey him. Do not defy him, for he will not pardon your offenses, since My Name is in him; 22but if you obey him and do all that I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes.” Exodus 23/ 20-22
Micaiah the prophet tells of a vision he had where God was seated on His throne with all the host of heaven standing in attendance to the right and to the left of Him. With all of the host to His right and left a certain spirit came forward and stood before Him.
That certain spirit is the person of the spirit of the Holy God. He is in many of the stories of God. In this vision God is portrayed as being in human form. That is just to make the vision and story understandable to the reader. God has no form.
Taking this image of God on a throne imagine in His hand He holds a soul. A pure soul that looks like a ball of white energy. God takes this soul and creates with His mind and then wills it to be the characteristics and traits of the person the soul will be when blended with God’s spirit.
All persons are souls blended with spirit. The first person was the person of the spirit of God; the angel of His Presence. A part of His spirit. God takes this special soul and places it upon His face and speaks the words “I am”.
But God does not use His voice. He becomes the person He is creating. He uses a childlike voice of an angelic person. And God simulates being this new person for ages and ages until he is perfectly as God would have him be.
Then God releases that special soul and spirit from before His face with a breath of life. And the person of the spirit of God was created.
God is always in him. God was him. God can always place the person of His spirit before His face and be him and speak as him and through him. And this is how God is in the angel that was sent to guard the Israelites on the way to the promised land and in the angel of the Lord in the burning bush that God spoke through to Moses. They are the same angel. The angel of God’s Presence.
Angels are created just as the person of God’s spirit was created. There is no real difference between angels and spirits. They are all persons of feelings and emotions. Both are like a ball of energy wrapped in spirit and contained in a body of God’s power. The only difference is the body of God’s power.
The person of the spirit of God is not contained in a body of God’s power. He is simply a part of God’s spirit. His body is spirit without image or form though he is an angel. The angel of God’s Presence.
The Angel of God’s Presence
God says His spirit shall alight upon the anointed one in Isaiah 11 and the chapter concludes with metaphors of a peaceful time in the land. The anointed one is not mentioned again in Isaiah and just once more in Ezekiel 34 where God refers to him as David.
He is not mentioned in the book of Malachi which concludes the books of The Prophets with the day of the Lord when God sends Elijah and the angel of the covenant. The angel of the covenant is the angel of God’s Presence and the holy spirit.
“In all their troubles He was troubled, And the angel of His Presence delivered them. In His love and pity He Himself redeemed them, Raised them, and exalted them All the days of old. 10But they rebelled, and grieved His holy spirit; Then He became their enemy, And Himself made war against them.” Isaiah 63/9-10
The angel of His Presence is a person. If God’s holy spirit can be grieved His spirit is a person. Only a person can be grieved.
Verse 10 does not say that God was grieved but that His holy spirit was grieved. God is not a spirit. He created all things including spirit and souls that together form persons. Persons of spirit, persons of angels and persons of human beings.
The Angel of God’s Presence is spirit. His angelic body is the spirit of God. Not all angels are cherubim as seen on the ark of the covenant who have the form of a human with wings.
The angel of God’s Presence is the holy spirit of God. He, like the Lord, has many names including the angel of death, the angel of the Lord, the word of the Lord and the angel of the covenant.
“20I am sending an angel before you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have made ready. 21Pay heed to him and obey him. Do not defy him, for he will not pardon your offenses, since My Name is in him; 22but if you obey him and do all that I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes.” Exodus 23/ 20-22
The angel sent before the Israelites in the Exodus is the angel of God’s Presence. Where God dwells and moves about His holy spirit that He created is with and a part of Him and that spirit is also the body of the Angel of His Presence.
In Exodus 23 God says He is in the angel. Verse 22 says “obey him and do all that I say”. God is in the angel and God speaks through him.
Reading Isaiah 63 together with Exodus 23:
The holy spirit is “grieved” by the rebellion (defiance) of the Israelites and will not pardon (forgive) and God says it is because He is in him. In Isaiah 63 when the Israelites grieved His holy spirit and in Exodus 23 defy him God became their enemy and Himself made war against them.
The reason God says if they defy His angel and this grieves His holy spirit (angel) He Himself will make war against them is because it is a defiance of Him who is in the angel but also because the angel is very special to Him and He becomes angry.
That is why when God’s spirit alights upon the anointed one it includes the angel of His Presence and where the angel is the Presence of God is, or at least close by as revealed in visions of the prophets Ezekiel and Zachariah.
A Spirit Entered Into Ezekiel
Ezekiel says: “1And He said to me, “O mortal, stand up on your feet that I may speak to you.” 2As He spoke to me, a spirit entered into me and set me upon my feet; and I heard what was being spoken to me.” Ezekiel 2/1-2
This is God speaking to a man (“O mortal”) who is Ezekiel but he does not hear God speaking until at the same moment a spirit entered into him and set him upon his feet.
A spirit of God entering a man and God speaking means the Angel of God’s Presence who is spirit alighted upon him.
23The Presence of the Lord ascended from the midst of the city and stood on the hill east of the city. 24A spirit carried me away and brought me in a vision by the spirit of God to the exile community in Chaldea. Then the vision that I had seen left me, 25and I told the exiles all the things that the Lord had shown me. Ezekiel 11/23-24
The spirit of God used a spirit to bring Ezekiel in a vision to the exile community in Chaldea. And God stood by on a hill. For the spirit of God to do this he has to be a person. The power to take a man into a vision comes from God who is nearby meaning the spirit of God is the angel of God’s Presence.
Micaiah the prophet tells of a vision he had where God was seated on His throne with all the host of heaven standing in attendance to the right and to the left of Him. With all of the host to His right and left a certain spirit came forward and stood before Him.
19But [Micaiah] said, “I call upon you to hear the word of the Lord! I saw the Lord seated upon His throne, with all the host of heaven standing in attendance to the right and to the left of Him. 20The Lord asked, ‘Who will entice Ahab so that he will march and fall at Ramoth-gilead?’ Then one said thus and another said thus, 21until a certain spirit came forward and stood before the Lord and said, ‘I will entice him.’ ‘How?’ the Lord asked him. 22And he replied, ‘I will go out and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’ Then He said, ‘You will entice and you will prevail. Go out and do it.’ 23So the Lord has put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these prophets of yours; for the Lord has decreed disaster upon you.” 1 Kings 22/19-23
That certain spirit is the person of the spirit of the Holy God. He is in many of the stories of God. The power of God is present when the spirit enters all of Ahab’s prophets and the words they speak change from what they intended to lies.
The only power in heaven is God. Moses did not perform miracles in the Exodus God did. The angel of death did not kill the first born of Egypt God did.
The power of God is His and His alone. He does not share it or create it in others. His power comes from His will. And He uses the waters divided above heaven and below heaven to gather and disperse. The waters are an element of the unseen kingdom of God.
God thought creation through from beginning to end from the Torah and those who follow it to humanity and its evolution from Adam to its end. He imagined it in His mind visually and then added a script.
The script of the story of the Jewish people and the day of the Lord. And He prepared all of this with the scripture. The Torah, The Prophets and The Writings are His. He had them written.
And then He willed it to be through a physical process. Such as drawing water from space from the ends of the universe to disperse it upon the earth as oceans, rivers and streams.
This is His control and power in the world. He does not come to show miracles in the day of the Lord through his anointed one or otherwise. He does not change the natural order of the world or create new phenomena or change the minds of the people of the world to worship Him.
All things are as He knew they would be. Working miracles is not necessary. That would take away from His having thought through with visual images all things from beginning to end. As humanity would be without him and as they would be with Him.
Any time an angel or spirit is present in a story and God speaks or His power is revealed the angel or spirit is the angel of His Presence. The person of God’s spirit is His constant companion that He created. He has many purposes as both angel and spirit in God’s communication with the world and preparing prophets for His purposes.
The spirit who carried Ezekiel away was a guiding spirit like the angel with Zechariah in Zechariah 1.
The Angel of the Lord
7On the twenty-fourth day of the eleventh month of the second year of Darius—the month of Shebat—this word of the Lord came to the prophet Zechariah son of Berechiah son of Iddo:
This verse continues with “8In the night, I had a vision” which is not a word of the Lord. The word of the Lord coming to Zechariah means the messenger of the words of God has come to Zechariah who is the angel of God’s Presence. He has alighted upon Zechariah to bring a vision from God.
8In the night, I had a vision. I saw a man, mounted on a bay horse, standing among the myrtles in the Deep, and behind him were bay, sorrel, and white horses.
“In the night, I had a vision”: There is a man on a horse standing in the myrtles. He is later referred to as the angel of the Lord standing in the myrtles. The angel of the Lord is the angel of God’s Presence. He alights upon and enters men and My Name (God) is in him and can speak through him to the man.
Zechariah has an angel with him who is his guide in the vision. The Deep is like a valley Zechariah is looking down on filled with myrtle trees and then an open area below that is where the bay, sorrel and red horses are.
9I asked, “What are those, my lord?” And the angel who talked with me answered, “I will let you know what they are.”
“What are those, my lord?”: Zechariah is not talking to the angel that is with him who answered but never lets him know what they are. He is asking the angel of the Lord about the horses in the open area to the man standing in the myrtles (on a bay horse). In verse 11 they who reported are the horses who have gone to and fro throughout the earth and they spoke the report to “the angel of the Lord”.
10Then the man who was standing among the myrtles spoke up and said, “These were sent out by the Lord to roam the earth.”
“Then the man who was standing among the myrtles spoke up and said”: The man standing in the myrtles answers the question of Zechariah to the angel of the Lord.
“These were sent out by the Lord to roam the earth.”: The angel of the Lord is the person of the spirit of the Holy God. He alights upon and enters men and My Name (God) is in him. The man is given the answer of the Lord by the angel of the Lord through the person of His spirit.
11And in fact, they reported to the angel of the Lord who was standing among the myrtles, “We have roamed the earth, and have found all the earth dwelling in tranquility.”
“they reported to the angel of the Lord”: They who reported are the horses who have gone to and fro throughout the earth and they spoke the report to the angel of the Lord. The horses speaking that all is tranquil means a vast area was covered so horses are used. It could have been a flock of birds in the myrtles but God chose horses.
who was standing among the myrtles: The angel of the Lord who was standing among the myrtles is the man standing among the myrtles with the angel of the Lord within him. The angel of the Lord is using this man as his visible presence. Just as he once used a burning bush and God spoke through him to Moses.
12Thereupon the angel of the Lord exclaimed, “O Lord of Hosts! How long will You withhold pardon from Jerusalem and the towns of Judah, which You placed under a curse seventy years ago?”
“Thereupon the angel of the Lord exclaimed”: Exclaimed through the man standing among the myrtles. The angel of the Lord exclaimed through the man. Zechariah heard the words come from the man. It is the only way Zechariah could have heard the words. The angel of the Lord was not in him he was in the man standing in the Myrtles.
“O Lord of Hosts! How long will You withhold pardon from Jerusalem and the towns of Judah, which You placed under a curse seventy years ago”:
The following verses are from the book of Isaiah written before the deportation of Judah and Benjamin and Isaiah witnessed the deportation of the northern kingdom:
“So I profaned the holy princes; I abandoned Jacob to proscription And Israel to mockery.” Isaiah 43/2
The profaning of the holy princes is God’s prophecy of the banishment of King Jeconia and all of his offspring from ever ruling over Judah in Jerusalem again. The line of the Kings of Judah ended. The line described King by King in the first book of the New Testament of Christianity. The line of Jesus.
The abandonment and mockery is God’s prophecy that the northern kingdom and the southern kingdom of the Israelites would be deported from the promised land. Isaiah witnessed the deportation of the northern kingdom but the deportations of the southern kingdom were many years after his death.
“Fear not, for I am with you: I will bring your folk from the East, Will gather you out of the West; I will say to the North, “Give back!” And to the South, “Do not withhold! Bring My sons from afar, And My daughters from the end of the earth—All who are linked to My name, whom I have created, Formed, and made for My glory—” Isaiah 43/5-7.
This is God’s prophecy that all of the tribes of Israel would return from the Assyrian deportations of the tribes east of the river Jordan that were Reuben, Gad, and the 1/2 tribe of Manasseh and all of the tribes of the northern kingdom and the Babylonian deportations of the southern kingdom.
It is a prophecy that is specific to the Assyrian/Babylonian exiles.
This prophecy was fulfilled according to the book of Ezra in his account of all thirteen tribes returning to the southern kingdom of the lands of Benjamin and Judah. Jerusalem is within the lands of Benjamin and his lands are considered part of the kingdom of Judah since that is where the Kings of Judah ruled from.
“When the seventh month arrived—the Israelites being settled in their towns—the entire people assembled as one man in Jerusalem.” Ezra 3/1
When the people Israel gather as one man it is all twelve tribes and the Levites (the priestly tribe without an allotment of the promised lands).
Judahites and Benjaminites alone are not Israel though all references to Israelites would include them. All of Israel had returned together to Jerusalem and Judah mindful of all the imported gentiles in the northern kingdom (imported by the Assyrians), many of whom tried to stop the building of the second Temple.
“2The first to settle in their towns, on their property, were Israelites, priests, Levites, and temple servants, 3while some of the Judahites and some of the Benjaminites and some of the Ephraimites and Manassehites settled in Jerusalem;” 1Chronicles 9/2-3
Mannassehites, Ephraimites, Benjamites and Judahites were the tribes with the largest allotments of the lands of Abraham.
Ephraim and Manasseh were not lost tribes as many believe from writings outside of the Bible. There never were lost tribes according to the Bible.
All thirteen tribes returned and settled in new towns. The accounts of the deportations indicate there was not much left of the old towns. There is no account of how the towns were settled though it is unlikely it was based on prior ownership. The exile lasted to long for the deported owners to still be alive and the tribes of the northern kingdom had to form new towns to live in.
“Thus said the Lord, Your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: For your sake I send to Babylon; I will bring down all [her] bars, And the Chaldeans shall raise their voice in lamentation.” (Isaiah 43/14).
This is God’s prophecy that Assyria would be conquered by the Babylonians who were defeated by the Chaldeans and that He would raise up the gentile anointed king Cyrus of Persia to conquer them to clear the way for all of the tribes to return.
“It is I, I who—for My own sake—Wipe your transgressions away And remember your sins no more.” Isaiah 43/25
This is G-d doing “something new” for the Israelites.
This story repeats with the “new covenant” of sin forgiveness of the Jewish people that arrives with Elijah (the anointed one of Isaiah 11 and 53) and the angel of that covenant after the exiles of the Roman dispersal return to the land of Israel and rebuild the third Temple that God will return to “suddenly”.
The report to the angel of the Lord from the horses who had gone to and fro throughout the earth was that all of the earth was dwelling in tranquility. Zechariah is in Jerusalem and the construction on the second Temple is about to begin,
Isaiah has written God’s words of sin forgiveness which would remove the “curse” many years before this and the angel of the Lord proclaims “O Lord of Hosts! How long will You withhold pardon from Jerusalem and the towns of Judah, which You placed under a curse seventy years ago.”
The Books of Nehemiah and Ezra and 1Chronicles give accounts of the return of all twelve tribes and the Levites and the building of the second Temple but do not mention God’s forgiveness of their sins.
The scroll of Isaiah needs to be found and interpreted by Zechariah and the religious leaders so they will know of God’s forgiveness of their sins. They returned because the curse was lifted.
The name “word of the Lord” is for the angel of God’s Presence when he is the angelic messenger of the words of God or signifies in the scripture that God is speaking through the angel of His Presence.
“My Name” is always in him.
Dreams and visions have to be interpreted in view of the prophet, when and where he lived, his audience and the purposes God may have had outside of prophecy.
A Host of the Lord of Hosts
The anointed one referred to by God as “David” is a host of the Lord of Hosts. Just as the man who wrestled with Jacob was, the captain of the Lord’s host, Moses, King David, Ezekiel, and Abraham.
This list would include all of the prophets but God only had His writings of the Bible leave hints of what a host is in selective stories.
Jacob wrestled with a man and Elohim spoke to him and his name was changed to Israel. Jacob said he had wrestled with man and divine beings. The divine beings are God and the angel of His Presence. God was in the angel (who is spirit) that alighted upon the man and God spoke through him to Jacob.
The Sages interpreted this account to be Jacob wrestling with an angel. An angel was present but Jacob wrestled with a man. A man who was a host of the Lord of Hosts.
Prophets have been wrestling with Israel since the days of Moses.
The man who identified himself to Joshua as a gentile and Captain of the Lord’s host in the book of Joshua is the first and only time the scripture hints at the concept of a host.
The captain of the Lord’s host is a host as indicated by his telling Joshua to take off his sandals for you stand on Holy ground. The same words the Lord spoke to Moses. God is with this man and where God is so is the angel of His Presence. Divine beings with a man.
The captain is a harbinger of the of the man described in Isaiah 53. God’s righteous servant and the teacher of righteousness. He says “now I have come” and that is the last time he appears in the scripture.
In ll Kings 2/6 As they were crossing, Elijah said to Elisha, “Tell me, what can I do for you before I am taken from you?” Elisha answered, “Let a double portion* of your spirit pass on to me.”
Let a double portion*: *Translators note: Lit. “two-thirds”; of Zech. 13.8. 8Throughout the land—declares the Lord—Two-thirds shall perish, shall die, And one-third of it shall survive. Zech. 13/8
How is a double portion of spirit two thirds of a spirit? That is a question and it is also the answer to how Elijah is identified when he returns with the angel of the covenant of sin forgiveness of the Jewish people. He is a host of the Lord of Hosts.
The spirit of the Holy God who is a person had alighted on and entered Elijah. It is the only way to reconcile a double portion with a two thirds portion of the spirit of Elijah.
Where the person of the spirit is so is the person of the Holy God, whose person is also of spirit when My Name is in His spirit. The angel of His Presence and God are always together. That would be two persons of spirit with the spirit of Elijah, or three persons within and without one man, but all three are separate and distinct never forming a one.
Elijah, who worked many miracles is taken to heaven and now Elisha takes up his mantle and begins performing the same miracles. And the power of all miracles is God who is inseparable from the person of the spirit and now they are with Elisha.
Two thirds of the three persons of spirit that were within and without Elijah alighting upon and within Elisha, with the one-third that is Elijah in heaven.
The “double portion” of God and the Holy spirit being “two-thirds” of the total spirit within and without Elijah.
The Man Who Wrestled With Jacob
27Then he said, “Let me go, for dawn is breaking.” But he answered, “I will not let you go, unless you bless me.”28Said the other, “What is your name?” He replied, “Jacob.” 29Said he, “Your name shall no longer be Jacob, but Israel, for you have striven with beings divine and human, and have prevailed.” Genesis 32/27-29
God said of the angel He sent before the Israelites “Pay heed to him and obey him. Do not defy him, for he will not pardon your offenses, since My Name is in him;” Genesis 23/21
God is in the angel.
Ezekiel said “And a spirit entered into me and set me upon my feet. And He spoke to me, and said to me: “Go, shut yourself up in your house.” Ezekiel 3/24
An angel and a spirit are both persons God can speak through. God speaks through the person of His spirit to man throughout the bible as the “word of the Lord”. It can be direct with the words coming from God in the voice of the angel or the angel can deliver God’s words as a messenger in his own personality and style of speaking.
This mysterious being who wrestled with Jacob is not an angel as many believe in Judaism. He is a host of the Lord of Hosts.
The person of the spirit of God has entered into the man and God is in the spirit and His Presence and power envelop the man who wrestled with Jacob. God controls the man and directs his words and actions.
A Purpose That Might Prosper
God’s righteous servant is made suitable for God’s purpose through the refinement of his soul that he offered to God in return for long life in Isaiah 53.
To be made suitable to write God’s words as the prophet like Moses; to teach as the prophet like Elijah; and as David to battle and wage war and tend to and be a leader among God’s flock (the Jewish people).
There are three remaining prophecies of God to be fulfilled in the day of the Lord together with the delivery of the two specific remaining covenants. A covenant of friendship to be heralded by David and the new covenant of sin forgiveness to be heralded by Elijah.
Sin forgiveness and friendship were also given by God to the Assyrian/Babylon exiles and they were a holy people and built the second Temple. Now the dispersal of Rome have returned and there is a third Temple to be built.
It is a repeating story line in the scripture. And it repeats again if Elijah does not reconcile the sons to the fathers and the fathers to the sons by bringing Jewish families back to practicing Judaism. He is the teacher of Judaism and those who return will become righteous and this is why he is described as the teacher of righteousness in Isaiah 53. If his purpose does not prosper God says utter destruction to the land will occur.
4For I had planned a day of vengeance, And My year of redemption arrived. 5Then I looked, but there was none to help; I stared, but there was none to aid— So My own arm wrought the triumph, And My own rage was My aid. 6 I trampled peoples in My anger, I made them drunk with My rage, And I hurled their glory to the ground.” Isaiah 63/4-6.
Verse 4 would be the awesome, fearful day of the Lord of Malachi 3/23.
Verses 5 and 6 is when the peoples of God refuse to heed His prophet. To do the things that need to be done to stop their own destruction and have their glory hurled to the ground.
When God says “I trampled peoples in My anger” He does not do it in His power. He raises up armies against Israel. Except He does not do that in His power. The armies are always there. And when He speaks through His prophet and is not heeded those armies come and destroy. They always have.
God uses Himself in the first person of the scripture often. When He says I will bring utter destruction He means My creation will bring utter destruction. God is His creation. That He is capable of doing it in His power simply makes the destruction seem more assured of happening to those who read and teach the scripture. And to instill a fear of Him if His prophet is not listened to and heeded.
Teaching of utter destruction when He returns with His messenger and the angel of the covenant that you desire in the day of the Lord does not fit into the Sages and Rabbi’s era of redemption of peace throughout the world and Judaism as the only religion.
If Elijah’s purpose fails utter destruction to the land occurs as it once did by the Assyrians to the northern kingdom and by the Babylonians to the southern kingdom and then all of Israel by the Romans. Today it would be the Muslims.
The era of redemption begins with Elijah as the herald of the new covenant of sin forgiveness. The arrival of the anointed one before or after Elijah is not known because the man who comes in the era of redemption in the day of the Lord is both David and Elijah.
He is God’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53 who is also the prophet like Moses. It is the arrival of God’s righteous servant that Judaism should have been concerned with all along.
An unknown man of a life of pain, suffering and sorrows familiar with disease is God’s righteous servant for a purpose of God that might prosper. He does not come as a king but as a servant. A brand pulled from the fire of refinement of chastisement, punishment, crushing, bruising and maltreatment by the hand, power and words of God.
Rambam was correct as to the arrival of the anointed one before or after Elijah when he says “All these and similar matters cannot be [clearly] known by man until they occur, for they are undefined in the words of the prophets.”
The Sages believed that God’s righteous servant was the anointed one of the line of David but were unaware that he also fulfills the prophecy of Moses and of Malachi with the arrival of the prophet like Moses and Elijah.
Rambam says Moshiach will compel all of Israel to walk in the way of the Torah; perfect the entire world motivating all the nations to serve God together; there will be neither famine nor war, neither envy nor competition; the entire world will be solely to know God; and the Jews will therefore be great sages and know the hidden matters with an understanding of their Creator to the full extent of human potential.
This does not account for the reality of the world in commentating on the scripture. When reality is displaced for poetic words and songs of God and His prophets, often meant for hope and joy at such a thought as the persecution of the Jews ending, the practicalities of the real world and the purposes of the prophet like Moses, David and Elijah in the clear words of God in the scripture are lost.
One man cannot compel all of Israel to walk in the way of the Torah or perfect the entire world and the Sages were wrong in their interpretation of these matters. And in the words of Rambam “One should not entertain the notion that the King Moshiach must work miracles and wonders, bring about new phenomena within the world, resurrect the dead, or perform other similar deeds. This is [definitely] not true.”
Compelling all of Israel to walk in the way of the Torah would be a phenomena, miracle and wonder. Perfecting the world would be beyond that.
But that is what the Rabbi’s teach. As Rambam said in his Principles King Moshiach “4. If a king will arise from the House of David who delves deeply into the study of the Torah and, like David his ancestor, observes its mitzvos as prescribed by the Written Law and the Oral Law; if he will compel all of Israel to walk in [the way of the Torah] and repair the breaches [in its observance]; and if he will fight the wars of G-d; – we may, with assurance, consider him Moshiach. If he succeeds in the above, builds the [Beis Ha]Mikdash on its site, and gathers in the dispersed remnant of Israel, he is definitely the Moshiach. He will then perfect the entire world, [motivating all the nations] to serve G-d together, as it is written [Zephaniah, 3:9], “I will make the peoples pure of speech so that they will all call upon the Name of God and serve Him with one purpose.”
There is no mention of the descendant of King David being a King in the Bible. God calls him David, a shepherd in Ezekiel 34.
This last paragraph by the Rambam is a good example of misreading a verse of scripture and then giving it a meaning never intended that becomes a common and infallible belief among the Rabbi’s and then to those they teach.
And it is an example of poetic words and songs of God and His prophets, often meant for hope and joy at such a thought as the persecution of the Jews ending, being construed as something they are not and applied to the reality of the world.
Zephaniah 3/1-9 reads as poetry of the Lord:
“1Ah, sullied, polluted, Overbearing city! 2She has been disobedient, Has learned no lesson; She has not trusted in the Lord, Has not drawn near to her God. 3The officials within her Are roaring lions; Her judges are wolves of the steppe, They leave no bone until morning. 4Her prophets are reckless, Faithless fellows; Her priests profane what is holy, They give perverse rulings.” Zephaniah 3/1-4
God is using Jerusalem as a metaphor for the Jewish people and their political and religious leaders.
“5But the Lord in her midst is righteous, He does no wrong; He issues judgment every morning, As unfailing as the light. The wrongdoer knows no shame! 6I wiped out nations: Their corner towers are desolate; I turned their thoroughfares into ruins,
With none passing by; Their towns lie waste without people, Without inhabitants. 7And I thought that she would fear Me, Would learn a lesson, And that the punishment I brought on them Would not be lost on her. Instead, all the more eagerly They have practiced corruption in all their deeds.” Zephaniah 3/5-7
God says “I wiped out nations”. God has never wiped out nations. Nations have wiped out nations. Wars among nations and men is part of God’s creation. And God is His creation.
“8But wait for Me—says the Lord—For the day when I arise as an accuser; When I decide to gather nations, To bring kingdoms together, To pour out My indignation on them,
All My blazing anger. Indeed, by the fire of My passion All the earth shall be consumed.” Zephaniah 3/8
God has tested the world with the Jewish people and the world failed. The “fire of My passion” is God’s anger at the world and His love of the Jewish people in one metaphor and the earth being consumed is a poetic way of saying the world will have no meaning to Him or His people in the day of the Lord.
“9For then I will make the peoples pure of speech, So that they all invoke the Lord by name And serve Him with one accord.” Zephaniah 3/9
The world will never invoke the Lord as HaShem and serve the God of Israel in one accord. Two billion or so Christians and two billion or so Muslims are not going to wake up one morning and in one accord speak Hebrew and denounce their false God’s.
The peoples of pure speech are the Jewish people. Not the world. And even that is just poetry suggesting that many of the Jewish people will learn Hebrew throughout the world and return to Israel.
Misconstruing who the peoples of pure speech are by Rambam and the Sages and the Rabbi’s today who continue to teach this impossible concept that Moshiach will perfect the world from this verse is just one of many reasons why God says he will have a reckoning with the Rabbi’s and they will be dismissed when the anointed one He calls David comes with the covenant of friendship.
The Cup of God’s Wrath
God removes His wrath from the Jewish people in Isaiah 51/22-23:
“22Thus said the Lord, your Lord, Your God who champions His people: Herewith I take from your hand The cup of reeling, The bowl, the cup of My wrath; You shall never drink it again. “23I will put it in the hands of your tormentors, Who have commanded you,
“Get down, that we may walk over you”—So that you made your back like the ground,
Like a street for passersby.”
The cup of the wrath of God did not pass to the tormentors of the Jewish people in the life of Jesus who indirectly said he was the man described in Isaiah 53. After the death of Jesus came the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by Rome, the dispersal of the Jewish people throughout the world, Christianity, Mohammad and Islam, the Spanish Inquisition, numerous Pogroms and the Holocaust.
And God says in Isaiah 64/4:
“Nevermore shall you be called “Forsaken,” Nor shall your land be called “Desolate”; But you shall be called “I delight in her,” And your land “Espoused.” For the Lord takes delight in you, And your land shall be espoused.”
This did not happen in the days of Jesus and thereafter as the land laid desolate for 2,000 years without the Temple of God. And taunts and violence and hateful writings of the Jewish people abounded such as the infamous “The Jews & Their Lies” by Martin Luther.
The Jewish people have returned to the land of Israel from the Roman dispersal and by their toil have made the desolate land bloom as God said it would in a time to come.
The cup of God’s reeling and wrath has passed to the tormentors of the Jewish people. Those who told the Jewish people to get down on the ground and walked over them God will trod over. Christianity, Islam and the nations.
And in Isaiah 63/1 God returns:
“Who is this coming from Edom, In crimsoned garments from Bozrah— Who is this, majestic in attire, Pressing forward in His great might? “It is I, who contend victoriously,
Powerful to give triumph.”
In the Bible Edom is described as the eternal enemy of Israel and Judah who not only always oppressed Israel, but at the time of the destruction of the First Temple took advantage of the situation and seized control of parts of Judah, and it is hinted that Edom also took part in the destruction of Jerusalem and even in that of the Temple itself.
The overwhelming majority of homilies about Edom speak explicitly of Rome. Thus it was stated that Rome was founded by the children of Esau, and Rome was identified as one of the cities of the chiefs of Esau. These identifications occur not only in the Midrashim and the Talmuds but also in the Palestinian Targums of the Torah and in the Targums to Lamentations and Esther. At a still later period the term became a synonym for Christian Rome and after the fall of Rome to Christianity.
In Isaiah 34/6:
“6The Lord has a sword; it is sated with blood, It is gorged with fat— The blood of lambs and he-goats, The kidney fat of rams. For the Lord holds a sacrifice in Bozrah, A great slaughter in the land of Edom.”
Bozrah was to Edom as Jerusalem is to Israel. This is a prophetic announcement by God written by His prophet Isaiah of His revenge on Christianity.
God has a sword sated with blood (revenge). It is gorged with the fat of lambs (Christianity) and he-goats (a clean animal for Jewish dietary laws. The shepherds of God’s flock). The kidney fat of rams (for those who believe Isaiah 53 is a guilt offering of Jews in the Holocaust such as Rabbi Singer and his followers).
In Isaiah 63/3 God says:
″I trod out a vintage alone; Of the peoples no man was with Me. I trod them down in My anger, Trampled them in My rage; Their life-blood bespattered My garments, And all My clothing was stained.”
The Lord coming from Edom is mentioned by many of the prophets in the Bible. The Lord was not allowed to pass through Edom in the Exodus with Moses and the Jewish people. This is an event yet to occur.
The interpretation of this prophecy is that the prophet like Moses with God as God was with Moses in the Exodus will come from Edom. The Christian world. Of the Jewish people none are with God. He comes with a gentile from the Christian world.
And He trod’s on the tormentors in His anger and rage who walked over the Jewish people to whom the cup of His reeling, the cup of His wrath had been passed. Those who took the Bible as their own and renamed the God of Israel whose name is unknown. Christianity.
Torah Written On Every Heart
The Jewish people and all of the different ways of interpreting the Torah by different branches of Judaism are diverse and opinionated. Rarely is there a complete accord and meeting of the minds by the Sages of the Talmud, the Rabbi’s today and the people in general.
The new covenant for a time to come includes a metaphor that Torah will be written on every heart and all will heed the Lord for He will forgive their sins and remember them no more.
God has never changed the will of men and placed knowledge into their minds or changed their emotions and feelings towards Him in His power.
He spent forty years in the desert with Moses and the Israelites changing the minds and hearts of the Hebrews with His Teachings He gave to Moses at Horeb.
And He became their God and they became His people at Horeb (Sinai). Just like the new covenant to be made in a time to come where God again says I will be their God and they will be my people.
“I will put My Teaching into their inmost being and inscribe it upon their hearts. Then I will be their God, and they shall be My people.”
So in the desert for forty years with Moses as the messenger of the Teachings of God and all the experiences of the people when God dwelt among the tents of the Israelites is what this means:
“I will put My Teaching into their inmost being and inscribe it upon their hearts.”
God will once again be dwelling and moving about among His people. Not in tents in the desert but in Jerusalem and in His Temple to be rebuilt. And in the years it takes (many) to clear the Temple Mount of Islam and the actual building of His Temple He will be with His righteous servant as He was with Moses.
When Moses walked among the tents of the Hebrews God was with him. When Edom (symbolic of Esau and Christianity in Judaism) would not let Moses pass through they did not let God pass through.
And Isaiah 63 says that God comes from Edom which no longer exists. The interpretation then is that He comes from a Christian country. And it says that of the peoples no man was with Him.
The peoples would be His people. The interpretation then is that God comes with a gentile. And like the captain of the Lord’s host who is shown to be a gentile and a host of the Lord so is the anointed one. A messenger, the angel of the covenant and God of Malachi 3. A man and divine beings.
And the purpose of Elijah is the same purpose of Moses in the desert as the messenger of the Teachings of God and all of the experiences of the people when God dwelt among the tents of the Israelites and the first covenant was made of “I will be your God, and you will be My people”.
The anointed one is the prophet like Moses. Writing the words of God are his most important role. The similarities do not end there with Moses who wrote the Torah. The diaspora began with many of the people of Israel being put into slavery by the Romans. They have returned on their own but the prophet like Moses will draw more to Israel.
The last prophecies and undelivered covenants are fulfilled in the day of the Lord by one man when the land blooms again and Jerusalem has been rebuilt and he is described in Isaiah 53.
In Isaiah 53 the unnamed man is tested as Abraham was tested. Will you bear the guilt (sin) of My people in return for long life and to be My righteous servant. He is not told that there is no guilt to bear. It is a test of devotion.
This is why in Malachi 3 G-d says He is sending His messenger (Elijah) and the angel of the covenant that you desire is already on the way. The new covenant of sin forgiveness is one step ahead of Elijah.
Elijah, the unnamed man of Isaiah 53, offers his soul and self for the guilt and sin of the Jewish people in return for long life without knowledge of this sin forgiveness. There is no vicarious suffering for the sins of others in Judaism.
Christianity believes that Jesus is the man described in Isaiah 53 and that he bore the sins of the Jewish people and the world by dying on the cross.
God’s writings are very creative in His preparation for the day of the Lord and reveal that He knew what Christianity would be based on. The story of Jesus.
The day of the Lord is a time when He has passed the cup of His wrath, the bowl of reeling to those who told the Jewish people to get down and walked all over them (Christianity, Islam and the nations).
This is why it is so difficult to see that the man of Isaiah 53 accepts the guilt and sin of the Jewish people and it turns out there is no sin to be accepted or borne by him (or Jesus).
God did not want it known until the day of the Lord and the passing of His wrath to Christianity (and the world) from the Jewish people. He knew they would turn a blind eye to the covenant of sin forgiveness.
This is not the era of redemption of a perfecting of the world by King Moshiach with a universal exaltation of the Jewish people taught by Rambam and the Sages and the Rabbi’s today. This is the day of the Lord.
God Creates And He Forms
The God of Israel comes to the earth to dwell with His anointed one and the Jewish people in Israel as He once came to dwell with Moses and move about among the tents of the Israelite’s.
He creates the unnamed man of Isaiah 53 and forms His righteous servant. Just as He created Jacob and formed Israel. For His purposes.
He created the universe, the earth and humanity including Jacob and the unnamed man. He then forms them for His purposes. He formed Israel with the names Hebrew, Israel and Jew and 623 Laws refined in the oppression of the world.
He forms His righteous servant in the fire of refinement with an oppressive judgement of maltreatment, chastisement, punishment, crushing and bruising of Isaiah 53. A fire of refinement by the hand of God. A hand of His back side with words and power. Just as He did with Ezekiel.
Hebrew and Jew
“A fugitive brought the news to Abram the Hebrew, who was dwelling at the terebinths of Mamre the Amorite, kinsman of Eshkol and Aner, these being Abram’s allies.” Genesis 14/13
No one is a Hebrew until a fugitive brought the news to “Abram the Hebrew”.
“In the fortress Shushan lived a Jew by the name of Mordecai, son of Jair son of Shimei son of Kish, a Benjaminite.” Esther 2/5
No one is a Jew until Mordecai is described as “a Jew”.
Mordecai the Jew is of the tribe of Benjamin and his people are the Jews. The name seems to be a form of the word “Judah” but the tribe of Judah and the lands allotted to Judah have nothing to do with the word “Jew”.
It is a special word just as “Hebrew” is a special word. Words from God for God. The word “Hebrew” is like the word “Jew” in the Bible. Both are simply introduced into God’s stories.
These names identify God’s chosen people throughout the world. Just as religious ritual, faith and manner of dress identify them. God formed Israel in part to test the world and the people Israel had to be identifiable. These names and 623 laws did just that. And the world failed.
God changing the name Hebrew to Jew may have more to do with the Jewish people being in exile than anything else. Shortening Hebrew to Jew to account for marriages outside of the tribes. A dilution of the pure Hebrew blood.
The God of Elijah
“Taking the mantle which had dropped from Elijah, he struck the water and said, “Where is the Lord, the God of Elijah?” As he too struck the water, it parted to the right and to the left, and Elisha crossed over.” II Kings 2/14
Where is the Lord, the God of Elijah? Elisha is the only person in the Bible to refer to God as the God of Elijah rather than the God of Israel.
Elijah is not an Israelite. He is a Tishbite from Gilead east of the river Jordan. A gentile.
He has no history and there are no Tishbites in any of the ancestral trees of the Israelites that are chronicled (not all of the tribes are chronicled). Elijah is an inhabitant of Gilead that is an area of land like Edom east of the river Jordan primarily claimed by the Assyrians and other gentiles.
The many references to Elijah “the Tishbite” without any history of the Tishbites in the Bible is unusual and calls attention to a tribal or clan affiliation from Gilead that is inhabited by gentiles.
The God of Elijah is the God of a single gentile though God created all of humanity. The gentile Elijah who returns as a gentile in the day of the Lord. God comes from Edom symbolizing Esau and Christianity in the Talmud and of the peoples none are with Him (the Jewish people) in Isaiah 63.
Edom no longer exists in the day of the Lord and today would lie within Jordan. God returns coming from a Christian country with a gentile.
“13Once, when Joshua was near Jericho, he looked up and saw a man standing before him, drawn sword in hand. Joshua went up to him and asked him, “Are you one of us or of our enemies?” 14He replied, “No, I am captain of the Lord’s host. Now I have come!” Joshua threw himself face down to the ground and, prostrating himself, said to him, “What does my lord command his servant?” Joshua 5/13-14
Joshua asked the captain are you one of us or of our enemies rather than are you friend or foe. The captain says no. -He is not an Israelite he is a gentile. Asking are you one of us and not are you a friend is unusual and calls attention to the man being a gentile.
And he is a harbinger of the anointed one whom the spirit pf God alights upon. A man and divine beings who is a gentile. A host of the Lord of hosts. He says now I have come and never appears in the scripture again.
John the Baptist was not Elijah
Christianity believes Jesus was and is God.
God had His prophet Jeremiah write the new covenant of sin forgiveness for a time to come and His prophet Malachi to write that it comes with the messenger Elijah.
The story of Jesus has to include Elijah because God says in Malachi 3 that He is sending His messenger and the angel of the covenant that you desire and that God is also coming and will return to His Temple suddenly.
This means God is not in His Temple. Today It has to be built for His return to it. If there was a temple God would be in it. Jesus says that his cousin John the Baptist is Elijah and is clearing the way for Jesus as the Lord. He leaves out the angel of the covenant that you desire. Sin forgiveness of of the Jewish people.
“27(Jesus said:) This is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.” Luke 7/27 Holy Bible KJV
Not only did John deny that he was Elijah, God was in His Temple in the days of Jesus and his cousin John and the scripture and history prove that he was not Elijah.
The time to come of the new covenant that comes with the angel of the covenant and Elijah when the land blooms again and Jerusalem is rebuilt is a time when the Jewish people are never uprooted or overthrown again:
“38See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when the city shall be rebuilt for the Lord from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate; 39and the measuring line shall go straight out to the Gareb Hill, and then turn toward Goah. 40And the entire Valley of the Corpses and Ashes, and all the fields as far as the Wadi Kidron, and the corner of the Horse Gate on the east, shall be holy to the Lord. They shall never again be uprooted or overthrown.” Jeremiah 31/38-40
Between 68 and 70 CE the Jewish people revolted against Rome and were defeated, murdered, crucified and many were taken into slavery beginning the diaspora (the Roman exiles). And the second Temple was destroyed.
It was not the time to come for the new covenant or Elijah.
And John never announced to anyone that the angel was with him and that all of the Jewish people were forgiven of their sins.
Jesus knew the Jewish people were without sin if John was Elijah and told a story that he was being sacrificed for the sins of the Jewish people. Which was a lie. So was saying his cousin John was Elijah.
Jesus knew of the covenant of sin forgiveness that comes with Elijah and he kept that knowledge to himself.
And he found out on the cross that he was not God. His last words were father, father, father why have you forsaken me. Forsaken means to abandon.
The New Testament of Christianity has many statements of prophecy of the Jewish Bible being satisfied or fulfilled in the stories and accounts of Jesus.
Not one is true.
It is arguably the most deceptive book ever written. The deceptions are written in such a manner as to keep the reader from verifying the referenced prophesy. The deceptions are bolstered by the readers belief that a Bible certainly does not contain lies and distortions. The book of Matthew which begins the New Testament has many statements of prophecy fulfilled that are false.
This is the account leading into the last supper of Jesus in Jerusalem where he knows he will be executed by the Romans; “betrayed” by one of his own (he knew of the betrayal):
“4All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, 5Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass. 6And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them, 7And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon”. Matthew Chapter 21/4-7 Holy Bible
The prophet referred to by the unknown writer of Matthew is Zechariah. The prophecy is Zechariah 9/9. Verse 10 was not mentioned or fulfilled and the name of the prophet is intentionally omitted.
9Rejoice greatly, Fair Zion; Raise a shout, Fair Jerusalem! Lo, your king is coming to you.
He is victorious, triumphant, Yet humble, riding on an ass, On a donkey foaled by a she-ass. 10He shall banish chariots from Ephraim And horses from Jerusalem; The warrior’s bow shall be banished. He shall call on the nations to surrender, And his rule shall extend from sea to sea And from ocean to land’s end. Zechariah 9/9-10 Tanakh
In the days of the prophets invading forces used chariots for battle in the rural areas, rode upon horses like police in the city and shot arrows with bows to enforce their will upon the people of Israel.
In the days of Zechariah this was the Assyrians and Babylonians. In the days of Jesus this was Rome. Cyrus the Great of Persia the last anointed King of God conquered and defeated Babylon freeing the exiled tribes of Israel to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the Temple.
Jesus did ride an ass into Jerusalem but he did not banish the chariots and horses and arrows of Rome. He rode in for his last supper allowing himself to be captured and executed and later Rome destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple. He was not the King of God prophesied by Zechariah or the anointed one prophesied by Isaiah.
In today’s world chariots and horses and arrows are much different. They are tanks and armored SUV’s and automatic rifles and nuclear bombs. The invading forces are radical Islam and terrorist organizations like Hamas, Hezbollah and Islamic State.
The nations threatening war are Palestine, Syria, Lebanon and Iran and to rebuild the Temple that would include Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Iraq.
The anointed one must resolve the Palestinian trespass and banish radical Islam from Israel to fulfill this prophecy today. In his day Israel shall rest secure.
The prophecy of the Bible is the prophecy of God. He thought creation and all of humanity through from beginning to end before He formed the earth. He knows what the tasks of His anointed one will be in the day of the Lord.
And God knew it would take the prophet like Moses, Elijah and the son of David to rebuild His House on His Holy Mount Zion. And that man is the Lord’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53. A firebrand pulled from the fire of refinement by the hand of God.
The time to come of the day of the Lord. A time when there is no temple and the holy children of God are to rebuild it for His sudden return and His presence to dwell and move about in His land of Israel.
He and the angel of His Presence will descend from heaven and dwell on the earth again.
No man alone can redeem the Jewish people. But God can take a man and do this. A man with a cleansed spirit and tempered soul who no longer has self will and speaks to God face to face.
The man who offers his self and soul to God described in Isaiah 53 who is given long life for the prosperity of God’s purpose of redeeming the Jewish people in the end times.
The end of the times of the Jewish people being defeated and driven from Israel.
Signs and Portents
The book of Matthew of the Christian Bible has many statements of prophecy fulfilled that are deceptive and false. This includes references to prophesy that is not prophesy by unnamed prophets. In Matthew 1 the angel of the Lord in a dream of Joseph said:
“21And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. 22Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, 23Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.” Matthew 1/21-23 Holy Bible
The sentence “all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet,” is an example of writing a verse that you do not want verified by the reader.
The prophet is easy to identify as Isaiah and his account of Immanuel has nothing to do with the birth of a child named Immanuel by a “virgin” (the Hebrew word is “young women”) who is the concubine of Isaiah:
“And Isaiah said to Ahaz, “Assuredly my Lord will give you a sign of His own accord! Look, the young woman is with child and about to give birth to a son. Let her name him Immanuel. (By the time he learns to reject the bad and choose the good, people will be feeding on curds and honey.) For before the lad knows to reject the bad and choose the good, the ground whose two kings you dread shall be abandoned.” Isaiah 7/14-16
Isaiah said “3I was intimate with the prophetess, and she conceived and bore a son; and the Lord said to me, “Name him Maher-shalal-hash-baz. 4For before the boy learns to call ‘Father’ and ‘Mother,’ the wealth of Damascus and the spoils of Samaria, and the delights of Rezin and of the son of Remaliah, shall be carried off before the king of Assyria.” Isaiah 8/3-4
Isaiah says “So I will wait for the Lord, who is hiding his face from the House of Jacob, and I will trust in him. Here stand I and the children the Lord has given me as signs and portents in Israel from the Lord of Hosts, who dwells on Mount Zion.” Isaiah 8/17-18
The book of Isaiah, the book of 2Kings and the book of 2Chronicles provide the historical account to understand the names of the children the Lord gave Isaiah as signs and portents.
The prophetess is foot-noted to be the wife of Isaiah and the young women about to give birth who is with Isaiah, Shear-jashub and Ahaz at the end of the conduit of the Upper Pool would be his concubine.
The Bible does not give an account of the mother of “[only] a remnant will turn back” as she symbolizes the bride of God, the Jewish People, who is absent until the remnant returns in repentance.
Based on the historical account and the Lord’s signs and portents Isaiah is speaking to Ahaz at the conduit of the Upper Pool no earlier than the eleventh year of his reign, for in his twelfth year (the first year of King Hoshea of Israel) the King of Assyria responded to the request of Ahaz, marched against Damascus, captured it and deported its inhabitants to Kir; and in the ninth year of King Hoshea of Israel, the King of Assyria captured Samaria and deported the Israelites to Assyria.
The hastened and speeded pillaging and looting of Aram and Samaria would have taken place during this deportation of the Israelites of the northern kingdom of Samaria, also called Israel and Ephraim, to Assyria.
This means that Immanuel would have been about 9 years old when he came to know right from wrong after the deportation and abandonment of Samaria and Aram and when Maher-shalal-hash-baz spoke his first words.
“For before the lad knows to reject the bad and choose the good, the ground whose two kings you dread shall be abandoned” would be the king of the northern kingdom and the king of Aram.
The child Immanuel is a sign that God is with Judah against the Assyrians and a portent that the King of Aram in Damascus and the King of Israel in Samaria would be deported by the time Immanuel was nine years old and the kingdom of Judah would be safe.
From the account of signs and portents of the deportation of the northern kingdom and Aram and that the southern kingdom was protected by God the writer of Matthew says the birth of Jesus by a virgin was prophesied by the prophet according to the angel of the Lord in a dream of Joseph.
There was no such prophecy. There was a young woman with child and that child was named Immanuel as a sign and portent that Judah would not be defeated and deported along with the northern kingdom.
The Essenes Embodied Jesus
The fictional story of Jesus began around 100 years before the story begins with his birth at the beginning of the common era (CE). The first written version of the story is the Gospel of Mark that dates from 66-70 CE about 40 years after the story says Jesus died.
According to the oral story that began 100 years before the common era (BCE) with a man called The Teacher of righteousness who established a sect of Judaism known as the Essenes. This Teacher of righteousness who fought with the wicked priest, disliked the ruling and religious elite and the way the Temple was being run. Just like Jesus.
The oral storytellers were diverse and from different backgrounds, ethnicity and ability to capture the imagination of the crowds with their oral skills and would earn their livelihood from donations of money and goods.
Few could read in a world where literacy was restricted to just a few and this did not begin to change until the middle ages. While the earliest forms of written communication date back to about 3,500-3,000 BCE, literacy remained for centuries a very restricted ability closely associated with the exercise of power. Schools in ancient Israel, if any existed, served only the sons of the rich and religious elite.
Storytellers in general would be learned men captivating the imagination of the crowds at the gates and the meeting places of Jerusalem with tales that people of a harsh and brutal time wanted to believe in.
A time when medical treatment was primitive and life expectancy was 30-35 years averaging those who died at birth to those who died with long life into their 70’s and beyond.
A time when people believed in mythical gods and gods who were men and making sacrifices to gods for favor and for safety, healing, long life, crops, and fertility.
The Dead Sea Scrolls are generally thought to have been produced by a group known as the Essenes. And the Essenes are a group that protested against the way the Temple was being run.
Many of the Essenes went to the cliffs and caves east of Jerusalem by the Dead Sea known as Qumran to prepare the way of the Lord following the commands of the prophet Isaiah. They went to Qumran to get away from the sinning of the people of Jerusalem and the ways of the religious elite at the Temple.
One of the first leaders of the Qumran community was the “Teacher of righteousness” identified in the Damascus Document and the Habakkuk Pesher (a type of commentary in Hebrew).
In the Pesher literature he is presented as a founding figure who directly clashed with an opponent called the “wicked priest”.
The Damascus Document is divided into two sections called The Admonition and the Laws. The Admonition comprises moral instruction, exhortation, and warning addressed to members of the sect and the Laws looks at this new covenant community expressed to them through the Teacher of righteousness.
The unknown man described in Isaiah 53 is often referred to as the teacher of righteousness because of verse 11 where God says My righteous servant makes the many righteous. God’s righteous servant is a teacher of righteousness.
This man, the Teacher of righteousness and his followers left a library of information on his teachings, himself and scripture and would seem to be the first of many men to claim or be claimed as the unknown man of Isaiah 53.
The Hebrew noun pesher is found in the Hebrew of the Qumran scrolls in the sense of “meaning, explanation, interpretation.” Since this term is employed by a particular type of Qumran biblical interpretation it came to be the name of Qumran works that engaged in such interpretation. It is similar to the word Midrash in the Talmud.
One of the first scrolls to be discovered was a pesher of Habakkuk exhibiting a particular type of commentary. It consisted of reading into biblical prophecies allusions to various historical circumstances and events contemporary with and related to the Qumran community, often placed in the perspective of the approaching end time and the final redemption.
Various biblical texts were deemed prophetic and were subjected to pesher interpretation even when appearing in non prophetic literary contexts. A copy of the pesher of Isaiah dates to the beginning of the first century BCE. Also, single pesher units, embedded in different literary contexts, appear in the earliest works of the community, the so-called Rule of the Community and the Damascus Document.
The pesher of Habakkuk attributes this technique to the founder of the community, the Teacher of righteousness.
The Qumran sect like the broader Jewish movement from which it sprang took a critical view of the established orthodoxy of its time believing Israel to be under divine judgment, regarding itself as the true remnant of Israel and awaiting its imminent vindication at the “end of days.” With its coming evil would cease, the wicked would be destroyed and the righteous would live under divine blessing.
The persecution of the Essenes and their leader the Teacher of righteousness probably elicited the sect’s apocalyptic visions. These included the overthrow of “the wicked priest” of Jerusalem and of the evil people and in the dawn of the Messianic Age the recognition of their community as the true Israel.
Josephus Flavius describes this sect (the Essenes) as one of the main “three philosophical sects among the Jews”, with a very detailed description. Excerpts from his book (Wars 2 Chapter 8) include: “…the third sect, which pretends to a severer discipline…these men are despisers of riches, and so very communicative as raises our admiration… And as for their piety towards God, it is very extraordinary…”.
The other two philosophical sects were the Pharisees and the Sadducees.
In the New Testament of Christianity the Essenes are never mentioned. All of the stories of Jesus and his clashes with the religious elite of Jerusalem in the New Testament are with the Pharisees and the Sadducee’s.
To the extent the people of Jerusalem in general were aware of the Teacher of righteousness and the Essenes of Qumran who gathered at the city gates daily it was by storytelling.
According to Josephus the name of the gate in the southern wall of Jerusalem at Mt. Zion was called the Essenes’ Gate.
Everything about the Essenes says that Jesus would have been an Essene. He also clashed with the High priest of Jerusalem, was very unhappy with the way the Temple was being run and despised riches and worldliness.
Jesus, Paul and Peter all said he was the fulfillment of Isaiah 53. The founding leader of the Essenes was called the Teacher of righteousness and the Essenes looked to him for interpretations of the book of Isaiah.
The Essenes were writers and copyist and had their own gate in the southern wall of Jerusalem. Their founding leader claimed to be God’s righteous servant and so did Jesus.
It is impossible to believe that the Essenes had not heard of Jesus. It is impossible to believe they would not have tracked him down to question him and verify the stories around him.
A man that healed the sick, removed blindness, had the crippled walk again, fed 5,000 people with five loaves of bread and two fishes, walked on water, turned water to wine, raised the dead, and was crucified and three days later came back to life.
The Essenes were present in and around Jerusalem for 100 years before the birth of the fictional Jesus and another 40 or so years after his death in the written story.
And yet there is not one word written by the Essenes of Jesus.
There is no account in the New Testament of Jesus and an Essene.
There are no writings or even a mention of him by a single person or group that were a part of his generation while he was alive (1-30 CE) and around 40 years after.
There are no writings by Jesus.
There are no writings by Herod or Pilate or any Roman newspaper, poem or book of this man who healed the multitudes, fed the poor, walked on water, raised the dead, turned water to wine, was crucified and rose from the dead to human life, and then rose to heaven.
Nothing was written by his disciples.
While there are four Gospels under the names of disciples they are all considered pseudepigrapha (Greek, “falsely attributed”). Writings which were attributed to authors who did not actually write them.
And they were all written long after his death full of quotes and teachings from Jesus himself. Quoted parables and long speeches and long sermons that could not be accurate if passed by word of mouth. Gospels full of lies and deceit.
There is only one answer.
The Essenes themselves are the beginning of the stories. The Essenes were the embodiment of the man Jesus.
They were persecuted and many lived in the country away from the city as did Jesus. They were persecuted for their beliefs and disliked the Pharisees and the Sadducee and the High priest.
There was a man called the Teacher of righteousness. Jesus is said to be the teacher of righteousness. And neither one of them or others who have made similar claims have ever fulfilled all of the verses and matched the description of God’s righteous servant.
And the Essenes are never mentioned in the New Testament. They were writers and would have written of Jesus.
The New Covenant
Only the book of Hebrews of the New Testament discusses God’s covenant of sin forgiveness of the Jewish people that comes with Elijah and the angel of the covenant that you desire. The unknown writer says that the covenant of sin forgiveness is old and ready to vanish away just as the first covenant became old and had to be replaced:
“7For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. 8For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: 9Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.10For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:11And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.12For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. 13In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.” Hebrews 8/7-13 Holy Bible
The first covenant of sin forgiveness did not become old and vanish it did what it was suppose to do. God said it was for His names sake. He forgave all of the Jewish people who had been in exile in Assyria/Babylon of their sins and when they returned to Jerusalem they were a Holy people and they rebuilt God’s Temple. The second Temple of the God of Israel.
The covenant of sin forgiveness has been in heaven with God to be delivered by messenger at a time to come that is here. The land blooms again and Jerusalem has been rebuilt and the Jewish people will never be uprooted and overthrown again.
The covenant to be delivered by messenger is young and fresh. Not old and ready to vanish.
This same unknown writer quoted the scripture of Jeremiah: “Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.”
Changing a very important part of the verse which reads: “It will not be like the covenant I made with their fathers, when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, a covenant which they broke, though I espoused [married] them—declares the Lord.”
This same unknown writer said that Jesus ate the flesh and drank the blood under the belief that by his death he would destroy the power of death the devil:
“Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;”. Hebrews 2/14 Holy Bible
The Greek word for “flesh” in the New Testament is sarx, a term that can often in Scripture refer to the physical body.
God did not replace His written covenant of sin forgiveness of the Jewish people with a human sacrifice of His son (or Himself) and Jesus did not end death and there is no devil with power over death.
A new covenant the Christians claim as their own. Changing it from a written covenant of sin forgiveness in a time to come to sin forgiveness by the death and by the blood of a man. A human sacrifice they say God made for them.
David, Elijah and the Prophet like Moses vs. Jesus in Isaiah 53
In Isaiah 52/14-15 the Lord begins to describe His righteous servant of Chapter 53. There were no Chapter breaks in the scrolls of Isaiah and Isaiah 52/14-15 should have been verses 1-2 of Chapter 53.
Judaism today understands the Lord’s righteous servant to be the Jewish People embodied as one man in the name “Israel” the servant of God described in prior chapters of the book of Isaiah.
The servant songs also called the songs of the suffering servant are “songs” in the Book of Isaiah 42/1-4, 49/1-6, and 50/4-9. In these chapters and verses “Israel” the Jewish people are said to be the servant of God and in chapters 49 and 50 speak as a single man,
They were first identified by Bernhard Duhm in his 1892 commentary on Isaiah. Bernhard Duhm was a protestant Lutheran theologian of the Christian Old Testament. He includes Isaiah 53 as one of these songs.
Beginning with Isaiah 52/14 and continuing for all of Isaiah 53 is a description of God’s righteous servant. It is not a song. It is not Israel speaking as a single man. It does not declare Israel to be the righteous servant. It is the only time the words “My righteous servant” are used by the Lord in the scripture.
Christianity understands God’s righteous servant to be Jesus.
The servant Israel as the Jewish people from Abraham to its re-gathering in modern day Israel after the Holocaust, and Jesus, do not fit the description of God’s righteous servant.
The man described enters into a covenant with the Lord.
The covenant is that the Lord’s righteous servant will offer himself for guilt to God and in return God will give him long life and he will see his offspring and that through him the Lord’s purpose might prosper, which the righteous servant will see and enjoy through his devotion to God and God’s purpose.
This covenant was not made with the Jewish people or Jesus. What are we to look for then. How can a man today fit the description of the Lord’s righteous servant in the beginning verses?
Isaiah 52/14 says:
“Just as the many were appalled at him—So marred was his appearance, unlike that of man, His form beyond human semblance—”
The commentary of Jews for Judaism on Isaiah 52/14:
“The prophet identifies the servant as one who was considered by many to be subhuman. The onlookers judged the servant to be subhuman because of the way he appeared to them.”
The commentary of Rabbi Singer on Isaiah on Isaiah 53/14:
“The Jews in the Holocaust however were like walking zombies. They were beaten, starved, infected with diseases, and anybody who has ever seen pictures from the Holocaust knows exactly what I’m talking about. Then when they were eventually sent to the ovens and turned into piles of ashes, not only were they “too marred to be a man” but once you are turned to dust and ash, there is no way to tell that you were once even human.”
Christianity accepts the idea of the Passion of the Christ and Crucifixion to match the description of the righteous servant with the many appalled at him with his appearance marred and his form beyond human semblance.
Isaiah 52/15 says:
“Just so he shall startle many nations. Kings shall be silenced because of him, for they shall see what has not been told to them, shall behold what they never have heard.”
This is the description of the righteous servant after the many were appalled at him so marred was his appearance and then he startles many nations and Kings (leaders) shall be silenced by showing them what they had never been told or considered.
Jews for Judaism says the appearance of the Jewish people was so marred because “the onlookers judged the servant to be subhuman because of the way he appeared to them.”
The Jewish people may be thought of by the many as subhuman and judged as subhuman but it is not by their appearance. This is a description of a man not an image of the mind.
Rabbi Singer says the appearance of the Jewish people was so marred unlike that of man, their form beyond human semblance as by the Holocaust victims. That is not Israel as one man. Many Jews survived thee holocaust.
Had it been Israel it would be a good description but to use it you cannot fulfill the next verse. They are deceased. They did not startle many nations and Kings were not silenced by what they had never been told or considered.
Christianity has a good description also but the same problem as Rabbi Singer in using it. Jesus did not startle many nations and Kings were not silenced by what they had never been told or considered before or after he died.
How could a man today fit the description of the Lord’s righteous servant in Isaiah 52/14 with his visage or appearance marred and his form beyond human semblance. There is one way and still be alive to fulfill verse 52/15.
By way of example to describe a man who comes when the land blooms again and Jerusalem has been rebuilt which began about 70 years ago, if I were to be seen with all of my injuries from accidents and surgical operations at one time, before healing, together with my congenital disfigurement, my appearance would be marred and my form beyond human semblance. This is my history:
I was born premature in the seventh month without the muscles of my right breast and with a disfigured right shoulder and arm, which is thinner and weaker than my left arm. I would have a four-inch wound from surgery to remove tissue above the right breast when I was two years old. I was small and my parents were told I would not live to see the next day.
My feet would have third degree burns from standing on the ashes of hot coals at a Fourth of July celebration when I was four. My right knee would be a gaping wound from being impaled upon a broken glass bottle after being tripped by my dog while running in a field when I was ten.
My left knee would be sliced open from broken glass I crawled over playing a game when I was eleven. My two front teeth would be gone knocked out by a telephone receiver when I was twelve. Each foot would be pierced twice by nails I stepped on at a construction site when I was seventeen.
My torso would be opened from the top of my rib-cage vertically down to the pelvic bone from two surgeries: one to repair a 22 caliber accidental gunshot to my abdomen on the lower right side which pierced my bladder, colon and intestines when I was eighteen; and one to remove an 8 inch malignant cancerous tumor that had burst through my colon and spread to my lungs when I was forty-four. I would be very thin, about 145 pounds and almost six feet tall.
My upper jaw (the teeth, gums and bone) would be severed from my skull from orthodontic surgery with my face swollen to twice its normal size when I was thirty-one. The skin of my chest would be opened from a six-inch circular cut to remove skin cancer when I was forty-three. My left hand would be broken from a fall on a tennis court when I was twenty-eight and broken again walking on stones in a creek when I was fifty-five.
My ankles would be bruised and swollen from severe sprains while playing basketball and running at various ages. My chin would be lacerated from striking a wall at the end of a foot race when I was twenty-one and I would be covered with the childhood diseases of measles and mumps.
That is how a man could fit the description of the Lord’s righteous servant in Isaiah 52/14 and still enter into a covenant with God to offer himself and his soul for guilt in return for long life and to see his children and then startle many nations. Kings shall be silenced because of him, for they shall see what has not been told to them, shall behold what they never have heard.
A covenant of long life for God’s righteous servant for a purpose of God which might prosper. This is not a covenant the deceased of the Holocaust or Jesus made with God.
“For they shall see what has not been told them, Shall behold what they never have heard.”
They shall hear that God’s righteous servant is the the anointed one David, Elijah and the prophet like Moses; that the Jewish people throughout the world are sin free and God remembers their sins no more; that heaven is being created for only the Jewish people; that a host of the Lord of Hosts is a man and divine beings and the anointed one is a host; and that God has entered into a covenant of friendship with His children the Jewish people and passed the cup of His wrath, His bowl of reeling from them to Christianity, Islam and the world.
The witnesses of the righteous servant of Isaiah 53/1-6:
1 “Who can believe what we have heard? Upon whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?
“Who can believe what we have heard?: The witnesses ask who can believe it? That God would redeem the Jewish people but even more so that God is doing it in the same manner that He did things in the Jewish Bible. With one man and not by using His power to change the will and thinking of all people so that they heed and revere the name of the Lord and are all knowledgeable in the teachings of God that He gave to Moses.
“We” had not been told by their Sages, wise men, Rabbi’s, Pastors, Priest’s, Pope’s and theologians that God’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53 is Elijah. “We” had never heard such a thing.
That Elijah is the anointed one who like Cyrus of Persia is given this name and is a gentile (in the beginning) and that Elijah is the descendant of King David through King Solomon of the tribe of Judah whom the spirit of God and the person of the spirit of the Holy God alights upon in fulfillment of Isaiah 11/2 (Elijah of the Bible is not an Israelite. He is a Tishbite from Gilead east of the river Jordan).
And who can believe that God said He would send Elijah with the covenant of sin forgiveness when the land blooms and Jerusalem is rebuilt as it is today and that he is also David and the prophet like Moses. That the prophecy of God of the arrival of Elijah to reconcile the families of the Jewish people to God and Judaism will happen?
the arm of the Lord: His vindication and redemption. Jesus spoke a prophecy on more than one occasion that he would return in his generation and the eyes of those that pierced him with the spear would see it. It did not happen. His brazen oath to return was not vindicated. Jesus called out on the cross to God “why have you forsaken me”. Forsaken means to abandon.
The redemption of the Jewish people begins with complete sin forgiveness of every Jewish person on earth. God remembers their sins no more by His written word. That does not mean they are all in right standing with Him for the Heaven He is creating where the name Israel shall endure.
The redemption that comes with sin forgiveness and the vindication of the Lord against Christianity and Islam. There is only one last prophet of God in the prophecy of the Bible and he is not Jesus or Mohammad. He is Elijah.
2For he has grown, by His favor, like a tree crown, Like a tree trunk out of arid ground. He had no form or beauty, that we should look at him: No charm, that we should find him pleasing.
This could never describe Jesus. Everyone except for certain Jewish religious leaders found Jesus pleasing and charming. A wonderful holy Jewish man who never sinned.
Rashi’s commentary on verse 2: “This man, before this greatness came to him, was a very humble man, and he came up by himself like a sapling of the saplings of the trees, and like a root: he came up from dry land, neither form: had he in the beginning, nor comeliness. Now shall we desire him?: This is a question.”
Shall we desire him? If the dry land was a Christian country and his form was a gentile under the Jewish law, the Halacha (in the beginning), would he be attractive to the Jewish people. No. But if he comes from Edom with God, converts to Judaism and becomes an Israeli citizen the answer is yes.
3He was despised, shunned by men, A man of suffering, familiar with disease. As one who hid his face from us, He was despised, we held him of no account.
He was despised, shunned by men: Jesus was not despised and shunned by men. Multitudes followed him everywhere he went. Twelve men left their way of life to follow and care for him. He was loved and highly esteemed. He did have religious enemies and intentionally infuriated religious leaders at synagogue’s and merchant’s at the Temple. But they could not attack him because of his legion of followers.
There will be many more who despise, shun and hold the anointed one of no account simply for declaring that he is the Lord’s righteous servant described in Isaiah 53. It is the nature of people when a man has no visible proof to substantiate his claim. The unnamed man does not perform miracles.
a man of suffering, familiar with disease: Jesus wept one time. He is never portrayed as a man of sorrows and suffering familiar with disease. He suffered at death as did legions of others in his time but he was not a man of sorrows and suffering and was never afflicted during his life.
4Yet it was our sickness that he was bearing, Our suffering that he endured. We accounted him plagued, Smitten and afflicted by God;
Yet it was our sickness that he was bearing, Our suffering that he endured: Jesus did not bear the sickness or endure the suffering of the Jewish people. God does not accept or commit human sacrifice and one man cannot die for the sins of others according to God.
The sickness is not being righteous. They suffer the sickness of not being in right standing with God. The unnamed man suffers by the chastisement, punishment, bruising, crushing and maltreatment laid on him by the hand, words and power of God to make him suitable for His purpose. A purpose that includes making the many righteous.
Just as God does with Ezekiel. The book of Ezekiel is the key to understanding Isaiah 53. The purpose of Ezekiel was to be a prophet to the exiles of Assyria/Babylon and to prepare him God said He would make Ezekiel’s forehead like adamant, as hard as flint because they would not listen to him. And God punishes him for the punishment of the houses of Israel and Judah for their sins. For 430 days he is pinned to the ground eating nothing but bread and God speaks harsh words to him (chastisement).
We accounted him plagued, Smitten and afflicted by God: This describes a man that God does not like, a sinner whose life is full of bad events, sickness and sorrows. Jesus was never sick much less plagued (leprosy, or in today’s world cancer) or smitten (struck down) or afflicted (crushed with disease to offer himself for guilt) by God.
A person with flawed features from birth was considered cursed and afflicted by God. King David would have nothing to do with the lame, blind and disfigured.
5But he was wounded because of our sins, Crushed because of our iniquities. He bore the chastisement that made us whole, And by his bruises we were healed.
But he was wounded because of our sins, etc.: Jesus was wounded one time in his life at his death and it was by the Romans. He was not crushed with disease as the unnamed man is in Verse 10.
“By his bruises [or stripes] we are healed” means that the marks of the fire of refinement the Lord puts the unnamed man through have prepared him to be the teacher of righteousness and those who listen are healed of their sinful ways. It does not mean his bruises or stripes (scars across his body) bore the sins of others.
And the unnamed man described has a role as Elijah to deliver and herald the new covenant of sin forgiveness. Sin forgiveness of the Jewish people occurs before the unnamed man offers himself for the guilt and sin of the Jewish people.
And he makes this offer because God chooses to crush him with disease and he has been wounded throughout his life and in the fire of refinement God personally puts him through to make him suitable for His purpose.
There is no vicarious suffering for the sins of others. All men suffer their own sins. That is a teaching of God. He made sure that this verse could not be construed otherwise in Jeremiah where He declares the new covenant of sin forgiveness by His written word for a time to come and in Malachi when the covenant arrives just before Elijah.
6We all went astray like sheep, Each going his own way; And the Lord visited upon him The guilt of all of us.”
And the Lord visited upon him The guilt of all of us: This is the last of the verses by the witnesses of God’s righteous servant.
Isaiah in Isaiah 53/7-10:
7He was maltreated, yet he was submissive He did not open his mouth; Like a sheep being led to slaughter, Like a ewe, dumb before those who shear her, He did not open his mouth.
He was maltreated, yet he was submissive: These verses spoken by Isaiah can each be identified in the book of Ezekiel. God maltreats him not man. Maltreatment is a part of being chastised and punished by the hand, words and power of God.
It is necessary to break the will of a man and to cleanse, temper and calm his soul. Ezekiel was submissive and did all he was told to do day in and day out bearing the punishment of others he did not agree to for 430 days.
To make his bitterness and fury of spirit in the hand of God calm. To be a suitable prophet of God. For his forehead to be like adamant, hard as flint. So that when he was shunned by the Assyrian/Babylon exiles he would not become angry or be offended and dismayed.
It is the same process as breaking a wild horse for riding, making a convict in prison obey the rules and making a recruit into a soldier in boot camp. The maltreatment is harsh physically and mentally. It is God’s way of tempering and cleansing the spirit and soul. It is a removal of self will to be made suitable for God’s purpose. It can also been seen in the book of Jonah.
He did not open his mouth: Jesus talked until his last breath. In one Gospel Jesus is asked are you going to remain silent and Jesus talks verse after verse in answer to the question. He was not silent as a lamb.
Ezekiel was sent to his house and God bound him with the cords of His power so that he could not go out among the people. To the people during his maltreatment Ezekiel was silent as a lamb.
8By oppressive judgment he was taken away, Who could describe his abode? For he was cut off from the land of the living Through the sin of my people, who deserved the punishment.
By oppressive judgment he was taken away: The judgement against Jesus by Pilate was “not guilty”. To wash his hands of the whole religious controversy Pilate asked the multitude that had gathered what they would have him do with Jesus. Release him or crucify him. The multitude said crucify him.
This was not an oppressive judgement. It was not a judgement of being taken away. It was a sentence of death. He was executed by crucifixion. With a judgement of death you do not receive long life. His judgement does not fit the verse.
The oppressive judgement is being guilty and receiving a sentence of maltreatment, chastisement, punishment, bruising and crushing until suitable for God’s purpose.
Who could describe his abode?: Jesus has a house in the Gospels but it is never described. His house is mentioned in Mark 2/15:
“And it came to pass, that, as Jesus sat at meat in his house, many publicans and sinners sat also together with Jesus and his disciples: for there were many, and they followed him.”
There are no descriptions of the abodes of the people Israel. The man of Isaiah 53 who comes in the day of the Lord will have an abode to be honored according to Isaiah 11.
For he was cut off from the land of the living: Jesus was not cut off from the land of the living. He was executed. Cut off means you cannot get to or have something.
Ezekiel was cut off from the land of the living as he went through a process of refinement of soul and self to be made suitable for God’s purpose of being a prophet to the Assyrian/Babylon exiles:
“A spirit seized me and carried me away. I went in bitterness, in the fury of my spirit, while the hand of the Lord was strong upon me.” Ezekiel 3/14.
“And a spirit entered into me and set me upon my feet. And He spoke to me, and said to me: “Go, shut yourself up in your house.” Ezekiel 3/24.
“As for you, O mortal, cords have been placed upon you, and you have been bound with them, and you shall not go out among them.” Ezekiel 3/25.
Through the sin of my people, who deserved the punishment: The people of Isaiah who are the Jewish people. Ezekiel suffers the punishment of the houses of Israel and Judah for 430 days to be a prophet to the Jewish people in exile. The houses of Judah and Israel did suffer their punishment in exile. This is really just a part of the refinement of Ezekiel. It would have enraged the priestly man who spent his life trying to bring the Jewish people to repentance. A form of chastisement.
9And his grave was set among the wicked, And with the rich, in his death— Though he had done no injustice And had spoken no falsehood.
his grave was set among the wicked, And with the rich, in his death: Jesus taught that the rich man is almost always a sinner. Being buried with the rich is the same thing as a sinner making his grave with the wicked.
The Gospels say Jesus was buried in a tomb purchased by a rich man. But even with his grave set among the rich he was still among the wicked and he was still poor.
This verse simply says the righteous servant of God was poor but dies a rich man. The righteous servant of God is poor when God cuts him off from the world then he is given the many as his portion and receives the multitude as his spoil. He will die a rich man.
10But the Lord chose to crush him by disease, That, if he made himself an offering for guilt, He might see offspring and have long life, And that through him the Lord’s purpose might prosper.
the Lord chose to crush him by disease: Jesus was never crushed by disease. The Jewish people as one man Israel were never crushed with disease.
That, if he made himself an offering for guilt: There are no testimonies in the New Testament that Jesus offered himself for guilt to God. Israel never has.
He might see offspring and have long life: Jesus died in his early thirties unmarried and without children.
This is the last of the verses by Isaiah of God’s righteous servant.
The Lord in Isaiah 53/11-12:
11Out of his anguish he shall see it; He shall enjoy it to the full through his devotion. My righteous servant makes the many righteous, It is their punishment that he bears;
Out of his anguish he shall see it; He shall enjoy it to the full through his devotion: Jesus did not come out of his anguish to make the many righteous through his devotion to God. He asked G-d on the cross why God had forsaken him and then died.
The anguish is the emotional and physical pain Ezekiel suffered by punishment in the power of God to be made suitable for His purpose. For God’s righteous servant, when he comes out of God’s fire of refinement and the anguish of it, he is devoted to God and will enjoy being the teacher of righteousness by his knowledge with long life.
12Assuredly, I will give him the many as his portion, He shall receive the multitude as his spoil. For he exposed himself to death And was numbered among the sinners, Whereas he bore the guilt of the many And made intercession for sinners.”
For he exposed himself to death: Jesus was not exposed to death. He died. The man of Isaiah 53 is crushed with disease that exposes him to death but given long life.
And was numbered among the sinners: Jesus is said to be without sin. That he was crucified with a sinner to his right and a sinner to his left and counted as one of them in the story does not fulfill this verse.
He may have looked and been thought of as a sinner for being among them, but he was still said to be sinless. This verse as with every verse of Isaiah 53 is descriptive. For the identification of a man. Appearing to be a sinner is not the same as being a sinner. The man of Isaiah 53 will have been a sinner. All men are at one time or another.
David, Elijah and the Prophet Like Moses vs. “Israel” in Isaiah 53
The belief that Isaiah 53 describes the Jewish people as the man Israel that is often attributed to Rashi is now the prevalent teaching on the subject. Rabbi Singer of Outreach Judaism is one of the most followed on the internet in his analysis of Isaiah 53 being Israel.
Rabbi Singer’s analysis is similar to the Christians in that he believes the animal atonement and worship laws of the Torah are to be applied to a man. The Christians call Jesus the unblemished lamb of God. Rabbi Singer says the Jewish people who were murdered and slaughtered in the Holocaust were ram guilt offerings for the purpose which might prosper of having the Jewish people back in the promised land.
Rabbi Singer says:
“The offering of guilt in this verse is actually literally translated as guilt-offering.”
A guilt offering is a sacrifice made for unintentional transgressions. It was distinct from the biblical sin offering. The transgressor furnished an unblemished ram for sacrifice at the Temple in Jerusalem, as well as in cases of sins against holy items, theft, commission of fraud or false oaths monetary compensation to the victim for their loss, plus a mark-up of 20% of the value to cover the priest’s earnings.
The sentence of the verse “That, if he made himself an offering for guilt, He might see offspring and have long life” is what the Hebrew is translated to be in English. It is not literally a guilt-offering under the animal sacrificial laws of Leviticus.
It is an offer; an offering of ones soul to God in return for long life and to be God’s righteous servant who makes the many righteous.
A guilt offering would mean that six million murdered Jews were a ram sacrifice from Hitler to G-d under his analysis. And that every man, woman and child murdered by the Natzi’s offered to be a human sacrifice.
If it was an offer to God to be given long life and become His righteous servant to make the many righteous then God had to orchestrate Hitler performing the sacrifice or at least tell Hitler He would accept Jews as blemished rams.
That cannot be the answer for the man is exposed to death (near death) not killed or murdered or sacrificed in Isaiah 53/11 and given long life receiving as his portion the many he makes righteous and as his spoil the multitude.
The many and the multitude are people who are to be the man’s followers and not the hides of Jews on lamp shades that Rabbi Singer says Hitler received as his portion.
If you are going to apply the animal atonement and worship laws of God in the Torah to man (laws God did away with through His prophet) they should be observed and followed properly.
You cannot change the laws of God. Do not add or subtract from the Torah is a well known commandment of God.
God created an animal sacrificial atonement and worship system of laws for many purposes for a primitive illiterate people and commanded the Jewish people not to sacrifice their children through His prophet.
God never says these laws are to be applied to human beings substituted for animals. The laws substituted violations of God’s law by men onto animals and taught atonement and repentance.
And no animal sacrificial law gives long life for an offering of any kind of animal much less a human being.
It is a barbaric act and an affront to God to believe that He sacrificed a human being for any reason or that He would accept a human sacrifice. And that God would sacrifice His children or any son against His laws and teachings and commandments compounds the affront.
“Israel” was blemished before and during the Holocaust. The Jewish people cannot be guilt offerings. All animals sacrificed had to be unblemished.
Rabbi Singer sums up his commentary on Isaiah 53/10 with:
“So after the atrocities of WWII the L-RD’S purpose has prospered because the land that was sworn to us is once again being inhabited by its rightful owners and is awaiting the final ingathering.”
The purpose of God is found in Malachi 3 describing the day of the Lord. Redemption with God returning to His Temple or destruction based on the failure of Elijah to make the many righteous.
Rabbi Singer himself does enter into the fulfillment of verse 53/3:
“He was despised, shunned by men, A man of suffering, familiar with disease. As one who hid his face from us, He was despised, we held him of no account.”
That will be the effect of the teachings of Rabbi Singer and many others on Isaiah 53 being the Jewish people which does not bode well for the purpose of Elijah prospering.
And if it does not prosper God promises utter destruction of the land of Israel which would cause the death of millions of the Jewish people living on the land.
King David says in verse 5 of Psalm 69:
“More numerous than the hairs of my head are those who hate me without reason”
Like the man described in Isaiah 53/3 “He was despised, shunned by men,” and “He was despised, we held him of no account” David was hated without reason. David was God’s anointed of Jesse to be King of the Israelites but to others he was David the lowly shepherd who “was said to be” God’s anointed King.
King David says in verses 8 and 9 of Psalm 69:
“It is for Your sake that I have been reviled, that shame covers my face; I am a stranger to my brothers, an alien to my kin.”
Even the brothers of David did not believe he was the anointed of Jesse to be King of the Israelites and they witnessed his anointment by Samuel. All that they heard was Samuel. They could not hear the words of God spoken to Samuel to select and anoint David of all the sons of Jesse.
King David says in verse 20 of Psalm 69:
“You know my reproach, my shame, my disgrace; You are aware of all my foes.”
God has absolute knowledge of all things and all people He chooses to follow closely. That would include all naysayers and haters and enemies of His anointed one of Isaiah 53.
King David says in verse 23 of Psalm 69:
“May their table be a trap for them, a snare for their allies.”
May the haters and naysayers and enemies and those who ignore David and shame him and all those who believe in their talk and words and opinions about David which is the “table” they have set for themselves against God’s anointed one be their undoing before God and when David is appointed a ruler among the flock after God has His reckoning with the Rabbi’s and dismisses them.
King David says in verses 22-26 of Psalm 69:
“They give me gall for food, vinegar to quench my thirst. May their eyes grow dim so that they cannot see; may their loins collapse continually. Pour out Your wrath on them; may Your blazing anger overtake them; may their encampments be desolate; may their tents stand empty.”
They, the haters and naysayers and enemies and those who ignore David and shame him and all those who believe in their talk and words and opinions about David persecute him for being the anointed of God.
Most, if not all do not believe God spoke to Samuel in his anointment of David. David feels as though God’s anointment of him has been a physical and emotional blow to his life and feelings.
God’s righteous servant being shunned, despised and held of no account of Isaiah 53/3 as was King David is one of many reasons God says when He sends David He will have a reckoning with the Rabbi’s and they will be dismissed.
David, Elijah and the Prophet Like Moses vs. “Israel” in Isaiah 53
The belief that Isaiah 53 describes the Jewish people as the man Israel that is often attributed to Rashi is also taught by Jews for Judaism. The opinion and argument of Jews for Judaism is based on an exaltation of the Jewish people by the nations.
My commentary following Jews for Judaism on verses 53/4, 5 and 10 of its commentary in “Jews For Judaism: Isaiah 53 Verse by Verse”.
Jews for Judaism:
53:4 But in truth, it was our ills that he bore and our pains that he carried; but we had regarded him diseased, stricken by God and afflicted.
The kings now realize that their spiritual assessment of the servant was completely backward. During the time of the servant’s lowliness those who knew him believed that his constant affliction proves that he is spiritually deformed. Otherwise, why would this nation be singled out for God’s wrath over any other?
But now, with the servant’s exaltation, they realize that the servant was not more wicked than them but more righteous. Their assessment of the servant is reversed because they come to a true understanding of God’s plan throughout history. With the restoration of Israel and God’s glory coming to dwell in the Jerusalem Temple the nations of the world will experience true sanctity and a real connection to God. They will realize that many of their activities were actively preventing God’s presence from being manifest in this world, even though they had considered many of these activities to be righteous and Godly.
In order for God’s presence to be revealed in this world there needs to be obedience and humility toward God. This obedience does not have to be perfect because God doesn’t demand from His creations that which they cannot deliver, but it needs to be accepting of God’s sovereignty to the degree that humans are capable.
Since all of mankind benefits from God’s presence being manifest in this world it would be appropriate that all of mankind participate in the work of preparing a resting place for God’s presence. The way that this sanctuary for God would be prepared would necessitate that mankind purify its collective heart. In order to build this dwelling place for God mankind would need to strive to achieve humility toward God and to accept God’s sovereignty.
But instead of putting this task on the shoulders of all mankind, God placed this task on the shoulders of His servant. Instead of purifying the collective heart of all mankind, God chose to purify the collective heart of His servant Israel and His servant will then shine the truth toward the rest of mankind. The nations will walk by that light and partake of the goodness of God (Isaiah 60:3). And the way that God chose to purify the heart of His servant is through suffering (Isaiah 48:10).
With the exaltation of the servant the nations will realize that it was through the servant that God was accomplishing His purpose in the world for the benefit of all mankind. The suffering that the servant bore should have been borne by all mankind, and if anything, the nations should have carried the brunt of the suffering, because it was their wickedness that was more directly standing in the way of God’s purpose for the world.
53/4Yet it was our sickness that he was bearing,
Our suffering that he endured.
We accounted him plagued,
Smitten and afflicted by God;
The nations will never see the Jewish people in the light discussed by Jews for Judaism and the kings (of nations) will never come to realize that their spiritual assessment of the servant was completely backward or that in truth “it was our ills that he bore and our pains that he carried; but we had regarded him diseased, stricken by God and afflicted.”
Diseased, stricken and afflicted by God does not describe the Jewish people in any way. Isaiah 53 is describing a man not a spiritual concept of what might happen in the world in a selective interpretation of the Jewish Bible in what God means when He says His servant will be exalted.
Rambam says Moshiach will compel all of Israel to walk in the way of the Torah; perfect the entire world motivating all the nations to serve God together; there will be neither famine nor war, neither envy nor competition; the entire world will be solely to know God; and the Jews will therefore be great sages and know the hidden matters with an understanding of their Creator to the full extent of human potential.
Rambam and the Sages and Jews for Judaism are religious leaders and as such interpret the scripture to create a world wide religious utopia of Judaism as the one true religion and peace throughout the world.
And yet God’s words on the days of the anointed one in Ezekiel 34 are only that Israel will flourish and be secure and the Jewish people will no longer be a spoil for the nations and will not to have to bear the taunts of the nations.
The witnesses who say in truth it was our ills that he bore and our pains that he carried are suffering the sickness of not being righteous.
Just as Ezekiel bore the punishment for the Houses of Israel and Judah it was only to prepare him to be a prophet to the Jewish people in exile. For the unnamed man of Isaiah 53 the purpose is to make the many righteous which includes not only the many of the witnesses but also reconciling the families back to God and Judaism being mindful of the laws God gave to Moses at Horeb in Malachi 3 in his role as Elijah.
This verse describes a man that God does not like. A sinner whose life is full of bad events, sickness and sorrows and a person with flawed features.
Jews for Judaism:
53:5 He was violated because of our sins and crushed because of our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him and with his company, we were healed.
With the servant’s exaltation, the kings will finally realize that the ultimate goal toward which God was leading all of mankind was not the exaltation of the object of their own devotion, but that it was the exaltation of the object of Israel’s devotion that all of history was leading to. They will realize that much of what they considered Godly was directly opposing God’s plan. And they will realize that the servant’s activities were pleasing to God all along. They will recognize that any blessing that they merited was because of their association with the servant. The purification process that the servant had to undergo was more for the general benefit of mankind than for his own benefit.
The last phrase in this verse can also be translated as: “and with his wounds we were healed.” The point remains the same. With the exaltation of the servant the nations realize that the merit of the servant had protected them all along and the servant’s merit and righteousness was achieved through his suffering.
53/5 But he was wounded because of our sins,
Crushed because of our iniquities.
He bore the chastisement that made us whole,
And by his bruises we were healed.
God did not ask Ezekiel to offer himself for guilt before he bore the punishment of the Jewish people to be made suitable for God’s purpose of being a prophet to the Assyrian/Babylon exiles.
He was not tested with having his life crushed with an affliction of disease or asked if he would offer his soul to God for long life and to serve His purpose. As Ezekiel said:
“A spirit seized me and carried me away. I went in bitterness, in the fury of my spirit, while the hand of the Lord was strong upon me.” Ezekiel 3/14.
“And a spirit entered into me and set me upon my feet. And He spoke to me, and said to me: “Go, shut yourself up in your house.” Ezekiel 3/24.
“As for you, O mortal, cords have been placed upon you, and you have been bound with them, and you shall not go out among them.” Ezekiel 3/25.
God does not have to crush a man with disease or test him for the painful process of being made suitable as a prophet for a purpose of His.
He is God. And He had multiple purposes in how He had Isaiah write chapter 53. Primarily to be sure the animal atonement and worship laws could not be applied to man. Man is always blemished. And the righteous servant is diseased.
Wounded, crushed, chastised and bruised is simply the process of refinement to be made suitable for God’s purpose.
Jews for Judaism:
53:10 And the Lord desired to crush and afflict him; if his soul would acknowledge guilt, he would see offspring and live long days and the purpose of God will succeed through his hand.
At this point, the prophetic narrator moves away from the voices of the shocked onlookers and gives us his own perspective of the suffering of the servant. The emphasis changes according to the spiritual needs of the respective speakers. There isn’t much spiritual benefit to be gained by focusing on the guilt of others. It is for this reason that the kings of nations focus on their own guilt as it relates to the suffering of the servant, and for this same reason, the focus shifts to the guilt of the servant when addressing the servant. After all, the audience of the prophet is the people of Israel.
The prophet tells us that God desired to afflict the servant. The purpose of Israel’s suffering, from Israel’s perspective, is to refine them. As a loving father rebukes his son so does God put Israel through the crucible of exile (Deuteronomy 8:5; Proverbs 3:11,12; Amos 3:2).
In order for the suffering to accomplish its purpose the servant needs to acknowledge and to recognize his own guilt. No created being is free of guilt and by acknowledging guilt we come closer to God’s truth. Isaiah, Daniel, Ezra and Nehemiah were all righteous people yet they all acknowledged their own guilt together with the sins of the nation (Isaiah 6:5; Daniel 9:20; Ezra 9:6; Nehemiah 1:6).
The prophet goes on to tell us the reward that the servant will experience as a result of acknowledging his guilt. The servant will see his physical progeny walking in his footsteps and his days will be lengthened. These two blessings are not unrelated. No individual saint is guaranteed long days. But through his progeny the servant perseveres and outlasts his persecutors. The might, the splendor and the power of those who persecuted the Jew have long faded away while the Jew still prays the same prayers and studies the same texts with freshness and vitality. It is the same Jew that stirred the fanatical hatred of the Church fathers, the mobs of Crusaders, the Moslem Almohads, the Inquisitors, the Ukrainian soldiers of Chemilnicki, the Russian Czars, the Communists and the Nazis. These and many like them have come and gone but the Jew is still here.
The greatest gift that God has granted His servant is the promise that God’s own purpose in this world will be accomplished through him. The righteous of Israel are called God’s armor bearers (Isaiah 52:11). God allowed them to join Him in bringing His light to the world.
53/10But the Lord chose to crush him by disease, That, if he made himself an offering for guilt, He might see offspring and have long life, And that through him the Lord’s purpose might prosper.”
The people Israel as one have never been crushed by disease at the Lord’s choosing. I agree with the sage Maimonides (Rambam) that Israel as one man cannot be God’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53. This view has many inconsistencies. Foremost is the idea of a collective offering of the Jewish people to God for guilt.
The only time there was ever a collective agreement by the people of Israel was at Sinai when the Jewish people received the Torah and it did not include an offering of themselves for guilt. And there is no account that the Israelites were crushed with disease by God so that they would make such an offer.
Jews for Judaism in its commentary on Isaiah 53/10 says that “In order for the suffering to accomplish its purpose the servant needs to acknowledge and to recognize his own guilt.’ and “The prophet goes on to tell us the reward that the servant will experience as a result of acknowledging his guilt.”
What Jews for Judaism does not tell us is when this happened. Or how it will happen. When will all of the Jews of the world collectively acknowledge their guilt and fulfill “if his soul would acknowledge guilt,”
In the real world this will never happen. There is nothing in the scripture that God will have the Jewish people as one man in His power acknowledge their guilt.
Resurrection of the Dead
The Rambam compiled what he refers to as the Shloshah Asar Ikkarim, the “Thirteen Fundamental Principles” of the Jewish faith, as derived from the Torah. Maimonides refers to these thirteen principles of faith as “the fundamental truths of our religion and its very foundations.”
Number 13 of the Thirteen Fundamental Principles is “The belief in the resurrection of the dead.”
Ezekiel 1 and 10 are together a vision of the resurrection of the spirits of the dead to heaven. The creatures later identified as cherubs ( a type of angel) with the spirit are going to and fro, east west north and south adding eyes to themselves and the wheels and taking them to the platform of heaven at the entrance of the eastern gate of the House of the Lord with the Presence of the God of Israel above them.
All of Israel whose name will endure forever in the Heaven God is creating are the eyes on the cherubs and in the wheels gathered from the earth and lifted to the gate of the House of the Lord.
Eyes gathered to the creatures (cherubs) for those in the land of Abraham and to the wheels for those in the diaspora. The eyes represent the spirits of the dead.
Ezekiel 37 gives a vivid account of raising the dead to life into new bodies of flesh and bone.
This was a common belief in the times of the middle ages and before that time. In the industrial age and after with knowledge of science and the human body few people believe that a human body can or will be resurrected anew by God.
It is a primitive and medieval concept that was good for a time through the middle ages. That is why He provided visions of a spiritual heaven for a more enlightened time.
The burden on Israel and the practicalities of such an event of millions of people suddenly appearing in the land from the time of Abraham to today is unimaginable.
Many would be illiterate and savage and few would be trained to work in this society. All would have to be housed and fed and educated. This would include the Israelites of the Exodus and the Torah tells us how difficult they were to deal with and teach. Millions from the Holocaust alone.
Rambam and the Sages say that “One should not entertain the notion that in the Era of Moshiach any element of the natural order will be nullified, or that there will be any innovation in the work of creation. Rather, the world will continue according to its pattern.”
The resurrection of the dead in a human body to a heavenly earth (“the world to come”) is also said to be a sign that Moshiach has arrived or that it will happen in his lifetime.
A resurrection of the dead would be a nullification of the natural order and a new innovation in the work of creation. It would be God bringing disaster to Israel in the era of redemption. The day of the Lord.
Reckoning and Dismissed
“10Thus said the Lord God: I am going to deal with the shepherds! I will demand a reckoning of them for My flock, and I will dismiss them from tending the flock.” Ezekiel 34/10.
“23Then I will appoint a single shepherd over them to tend them—My servant David. He shall tend them, he shall be a shepherd to them. 24I the Lord will be their God, and My servant David shall be a ruler among them—I the Lord have spoken. 25And I will grant them a covenant of friendship. Ezekiel 34/23-25.
God says David will be a shepherd. He is never referred to as a king nor is there any reference to a kingdom. Being a descendant of a king does not mean you are a king.
When the anointed one comes the Lord says He will deal with and demand a reckoning from the Rabbi’s and dismiss them from their rabbinical duties to their constituents and replace them with David.
This cannot happen in the real world. There are far to many synagogues and millions of Jewish people (the “flock”).
God dose not appear to be pleased with the teachings of the Rabbi’s in the day of the Lord and their reliance on the opinions and commentaries of the Sages and Rabbi’s who more often than not disagreed with one another. As pointed out in this book there are many inconsistencies and errors in what the Sages and Rabbi’s say and what the scripture says.
The entire teaching of the era of redemption strays so far from the ways of God and His words written by His prophets that it angers Him. The prophets were rarely listened to and God spoke directly to them telling them what to write. That is why He will have a reckoning with them.
The Sages and Rabbi’s are men who often have their own personalities and agendas incorporated into their opinions and interpretations of the scripture. They often had and have a certain lifestyle they like to maintain and seek renown and fame and riches that affects the cost of their services, the price of their writings and what they choose to teach to the flock.
G-d has never changed the will of men or how they think of the Jewish people in His power. Any exaltation the Jewish people receive from the world will come through the efforts of the anointed one.
God is not creating a new world of all men loving and exalting and holding in high esteem the Jewish people and practicing Judaism but He is creating a new Heaven for only the Jewish people where the name of Israel shall endure.
Two billion (or so) Christians are not going to wake up one day and in one accord denounce Jesus as a false God and convert to Judaism. God could do this in His power but that has never been His way and He does not change. Certainly no man could ever accomplish this result even if he was Moses, David and Elijah combined.
This is true for the Muslims also. No man is going to convince the followers of Islam that he is the last prophet of God and that it is not Mohammad as etched in stone on their Mosque’s. Two billion Muslims (or so) are not going to wake up on the same day as the Christians and denounce Allah as they know him and convert to Judaism.
Hezbollah, Hamas, the leaders of Iran, Isis and other terrorist groups would more likely announce a Jihad against God’s righteous servant than they would acknowledge that the Jewish people have been right about God all along.
The real world is not the confines of a synagogue, yeshiva or religious library. Rabbi’s have to step out and consider their beliefs in a world of education, science and technology that did not exist in the days of the Bible, the days of the Sages and through the middle ages.
God’s words had to be understood by an illiterate uncivilized people from the teachings of intelligent men in a world where meat was eaten uncooked and babies were sacrificed to gods in the biblical days. His book was written for different eras and people.
Dismissing the Rabbi’s today would be much different than in biblical times with fewer synagogues and people.
The interpretation of God’s reckoning with the Rabbi’s today and their dismissal must be made with the arrival of David in mind. Every generation expecting him would base their opinions on the circumstances of their world.
The Rabbi’s today base their interpretations of the scripture on a world that no longer exists. A world of the Sages and not the world today. They do not teach of the reckoning God will have with them and their dismissal that leaves no room for special circumstances. Replacing them with David.
The Sages have no teachings on it so the Rabbi’s today have none. It certainly does not fit an era of redemption as taught by the Sages. The notion that David will have all of Israel practicing Judaism and perfecting the world with everyone speaking Hebrew will never happen.
If God was going to make that happen in His power He would have had it written that way. No man can do it. And He tells us how it will be in Ezekiel 34 when David tends the flock and is a ruler among them of the Jewish people.
God says in Malachi many will heed and revere Him and be written in the scroll of remembrance and many will not. And He says this with the arrival of the angel of the covenant of sin forgiveness at hand. The covenant which says that the sin forgiveness will cause Torah to be written on every heart and all will heed Him.
God’s words of what a covenant of sin forgiveness will do for the people who hear of it and know that God will do this one day and the people who will actually experience it changes from all will heed Me to many will heed Me.
The scripture of God is written by His prophets at His command and direction with multiple purposes as well as for prophecy. It must be interpreted with the world of the prophet, the world of the Sages and Rabbi’s and the world of the day of the Lord in mind.
All Rabbi’s are dismissed when the anointed one David arrives. Not from their synagogues and constituents as that is not possible. God knew that would be the case when He had it written by Ezekiel. They are dismissed in the “eyes” of God. They are forgiven of sin but no longer are in right standing with God and will not see heaven.
If they want their dismissal lifted they will have to correct their teachings and begin teaching the matters off this book.
This will go far in bringing the Jewish people back to Judaism and revering and heeding the Lord. It will be how the anointed one in his role as Elijah reconciles the father to the son and the son to the father. A purpose which might prosper and if it does not utter destruction comes to the land.
1Behold I send My angel, and he will clear a way before Me. And suddenly, the Lord Whom you seek will come to His Temple. And behold! The angel of the covenant, whom you desire, is coming, says the Lord of Hosts. Malachi 3/1
and the angel of the covenant: who avenges the revenge of the covenant.
Rashi’s interpretation is that the covenant of the angel had been revenged and the angel avenges that revenge. The covenant is not described nor is there an explanation as to how this covenant was “revenged” or how the angel avenges the revenge.
There are only two specific covenants of the scripture that had not been delivered in the time of Rashi and until this day. The covenant of friendship and the covenant of sin forgiveness.
In Malachi 3/1 the covenant is described as the covenant “that you desire”. That is sin forgiveness or friendship and they are delivered at the same time. Friendship is heralded by David and sin forgiveness by Elijah and they are the same man.
God has never made a covenant of revenge with the Jewish people. He promises that He will have revenge on nations of the middle east but that is not a covenant. And though He will use Israel and His righteous servant to have His revenge He would not send an angel to avenge His revenge.
Exile, return, forgiveness of sins, friendship and building a new Temple as a holy people are a repeating story line of the Bible. In Malachi 3 God makes it clear that the story will repeat again with utter destruction if Elijah is not listened to and his purpose does not prosper.
The prophet is the representative of God. A man that God controls and speaks through by words and writings. Elijah is a prophet.
In Isaiah 53 there are many words that seem to be saying the man described is being punished for the sins of others:
Isaiah 53/4 the words “our sickness [sin] that he was bearing, Our suffering that he endured”; and 53/5 “he was wounded because of our sins, Crushed because of our iniquities. He bore the chastisement that made us whole, And by his bruises we were healed”; and 53/7 “He was maltreated”; 53/6 “And the Lord visited upon him the guilt of all of us”and 53/10 “But the Lord chose to crush him by disease,” and in 52/11 “It is their punishment that he bears”
All of this has to do with making the man suitable for the purpose of God. And that is what God is doing with Ezekiel to make him a suitable prophet to the Assyrian/Babylon exiles.
This same chastisement, maltreatment and punishment for the sins of the Jewish people is found in the book of Ezekiel where God says:
“Then lie on your left side, and let it bear the punishment of the House of Israel; for as many days as you lie on it you shall bear their punishment. For I impose upon you three hundred and ninety days, corresponding to the number of the years of their punishment; and so you shall bear the punishment for the House of Israel. When you have completed these, you shall lie another forty day. ‘Then, with bared arm, set your face toward besieged Jerusalem and prophesy against it. Now I put cords upon you, so that you cannot turn from side to side until you complete your days of siege.” Ezekiel 4/4-8
The purpose for this is to make Ezekiel suitable for God’s purpose:
“7But the House of Israel will refuse to listen to you, for they refuse to listen to Me; for the whole House of Israel are brazen of forehead and stubborn of heart. 8But I will make your face as hard as theirs, and your forehead as brazen as theirs. 9I will make your forehead like adamant (shamir), harder than flint. Do not fear them, and do not be dismayed by them, though they are a rebellious breed.” Ezekiel 3/7-9
How will God make Ezekiel suitable for His purpose, making him as hard and brazen as the House’s of Israel and Judah?
“A spirit seized me and carried me away. I went in bitterness, in the fury of my spirit, while the hand of the Lord was strong upon me.” Ezekiel 3/14
By pain and suffering with maltreatment, crushing, bruising, chastisement and punishment to remove his self will and refine his soul and remove the fury of his spirit while the hand of the Lord was upon him. The same words used in Isaiah 53.
All of this makes Ezekiel more suitable for God’s purpose with him to prosper as a prophet to the Assyrian/ Babylon exiles. To have Ezekiel do and say whatever he is commanded to do and say by God without hesitation, anger or remorse (hurt feelings). To remove his bitterness at being maltreated by God.
Just as God does with the righteous servant of Isaiah 53.
“And a spirit entered into me and set me upon my feet. And He spoke to me, and said to me: “Go, shut yourself up in your house. As for you, O mortal, cords have been placed upon you, and you have been bound with them, and you shall not go out among them.” Ezekiel 3/24-25
These are not references to physical ropes. Ezekiel is being constrained by the power of God that envelops him from leaving his house. Just like the man described in Isaiah 53/8 Ezekiel is cut off from the world.
And then he is enduring punishment for the guilt and sins of the House’s of Israel and Judah by having these cords of God’s power prevent him from turning side to side.
Chastisement and maltreatment can be seen in this discussion between God and Ezekiel, a Priestly man who followed the laws of a “kosher” diet who would be beside himself at such a seemingly unrighteous punishment. But that is the point. God treating you as you could never imagine is very humbling and causes great change to your spirit and soul:
“Further, take wheat, barley, beans, lentils, millet, and emmer. Put them into one vessel and bake them into bread. Eat it as many days as you lie on your side: three hundred and ninety. ” Ezekiel 4/9
“So”, said the Lord, “shall the people of Israel eat their bread, unclean, among the nations to which I will banish them.” Then I said, “Ah, Lord God, my person was never defiled; nor have I eaten anything that died of itself or was torn by beasts from my youth until now, nor has foul flesh entered my mouth.” He answered me, “See, I allow you cow’s dung instead of human excrement; prepare your bread on that.” Ezekiel 4/13-15
This reveals how primitive the world of Ezekiel was. His “kosher” diet is not eating dead animals and foul flesh. And God tells him in so many words (chastisement) that He does not care. Words meant to anger Ezekiel for the effect of calming the fury of his spirit over time.
And the Jewish people were not vicariously relieved of their punishment. The complete fall of Jerusalem and deportation of Judah occurs in Ezekiel’s lifetime. It is figurative speech. Ezekiel is punished “ corresponding” to the number of the years of their punishment. He shares in their punishment. They are still punished.
And the words themselves would infuriate Ezekiel being a priestly man who always preached repentance to the Jewish people for their sins and now God tells him he will bear their punishment. This also is considered chastisement. God angers him over and over slowly calming his soul over time while he is pinned to the ground. That was the purpose of the words. It is punishment and maltreatment.
Just as in Isaiah 53 where the man is punished for the sins and guilt of Israel that he is not guilty of so that God can pronounce an oppressive judgement of chastisement, maltreatment, punishment, bruising and crushing, after he offers himself for that guilt.
It is for the man to be made suitable for God’s purpose. To make the many righteous by his knowledge and doing whatever he is commanded to do and say by God without hesitation, anger or remorse (hurt feelings). He bears the guilt and sin of the Jewish people and heals them of the pain and suffering sin brings with his teachings of God.
Except the man in Isaiah 53 does not really bear the guilt and sins of the Jewish people. One of his purposes is his role as Elijah in the day of the Lord and coming before him is the angel of the covenant that you desire of Malachi 3.
There are only to covenants left to fulfill in the day of the Lord. The covenant of friendship brought by David of Ezekiel 34 and the new covenant of sin forgiveness declared by God in Jeremiah 31 for a time to come.
The punishment he bears for the Jewish people is for sins that have been forgiven. It is a test for the unnamed man of suffering and sorrows familiar with disease. God has crushed him with disease so that he will offer himself for guilt in return for long life. He is angry at God.
Just as the spirit of Ezekiel was in fury when the spirit seized him and while he was in the hand of God the Holy spirit has alighted upon the unnamed man of sorrows and suffering in Isaiah 11/2.
This “coincidence” of offering to bear the sins of the Jewish people and the forgiveness of their sins by written covenant before the offer is made has to do with God passing the cup of His wrath from the Jewish people to Christianity in Isaiah 51.
God knew that in the day of the Lord the sins of the Jewish people would be forgiven and His righteous servant would not bear those sins anymore than Ezekiel bore their punishment for sins.
There is no vicarious suffering for sins by one man for another in Judaism. This is a teaching of God. So when you see a conflict in this teaching as in Isaiah 53 and Ezekiel 4 the purpose of God in saying them can be hidden but found.
Jesus and God’s Purpose Which Might Prosper
In Luke 18/31-33 Jesus said:
“Then he took unto him the twelve, and said unto them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished. For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: And they shall scourge him, and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again.”
The Tanakh, Great Scroll of Isaiah, Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha are all of the possible scripture that Jesus could be referencing and not one Book mentions a human son of God, a man who is God, a man to be delivered to the gentiles, mocked, scourged and put to death, a man who dies for the sins of other men, any man who is to rise from the dead on the third day, or a man who is sacrificed or made to sacrifice himself by God.
After the death of Jesus Apostle Peter taught that Jesus was the man described in Isaiah 53 saying in 1Peter 2/21-25:
“For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: Who did no sin (53/12), neither was guile found in his mouth: Who, when he was reviled (53/3), reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not (53/7); but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously (53/11): Who his own self bare our sins (53/5-6) in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed (53/5). For ye were as sheep going astray (53/6); but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.”
Jesus does not fit the most important verse of Isaiah 53 and Peter did not know that Isaiah 53 describes Elijah of Malachi 3. Jesus as son of God would know and he claimed he was the man of Isaiah 53 indirectly by saying this day the scripture is satisfied in him referencing a different chapter of Isaiah that would be God’s righteous servant.
God’s righteous servant of Isaiah 53 is made suitable for God’s purpose which “might” prosper and that purpose which “might” prosper is found in Elijah who shall reconcile parents with children and children with their parents by being mindful of the Teaching of God’s servant Moses whom He charged at Horeb (Sinai) with laws and rules for all Israel, so that, when God comes to return to His Temple He does not strike the whole land with utter destruction. In other words if Elijah’s purpose does not prosper utter destruction comes to the land.
Jesus had nothing to do with this purpose of God that might prosper of Isaiah 53 and Malachi 3 saying in Matthew 10/34-36:
“Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law. And a man’s foes shall be they of his own household. He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.”
Another Proof of Elijah
The anointed one in his role as Elijah counsels the Jewish people that their sins are forgiven and remembered no more and the need to return to Synagogue, the worship of God, performing good deeds with repentance and atonement for their wrongs, and teaching to them his knowledge of the heaven God is creating for the name Israel to endure.
This is why God specifically took Elijah to heaven and has him return. His knowledge of heaven is a proof that he is Elijah.
Elijah’s knowledge of the heaven God is creating for only the Jewish people will be not only of the environment but of its purpose for God first and the Jewish people second; how the spirits of the Jewish people will be able to think without a mind; how spirits communicate; what it means for God to answer you before you pray; and how God is in you as He in the angels of heaven (how He is in the angel of His Presence is much different) and that the former things of your life will be remembered no more.
Victory and Vindication
Isaiah says in Isaiah 61/1-2:
“1The spirit of the Lord God is upon me, Because the Lord has anointed me; He has sent me as a herald of joy to the humble, To bind up the wounded of heart, To proclaim release to the captives, Liberation to the imprisoned; 2To proclaim a year of the Lord’s favor And a day of vindication by our God; To comfort all who mourn—”
Isaiah is continuing with his description of the anointed one of chapter 11 upon whom the spirit of God alights. When all of the verses are considered Isaiah and Cyrus of Persia are not the speaker though they fit some of the verses. Isaiah is speaking a prophecy.
It cannot be Jesus though he said he was the fulfillment of it:
“18The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, 19To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. 20And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. 21And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.” Luke 4/21
The year of “the Lord’s favor and a day of vindication by our God” is a reference to the great, fearful day of the Lord of Malachi 3 and the return of God to his Temple.
The day of the Lord’s favor and vindication proclaimed by Jesus ended in his crucifixion and death. And God was in His Temple. And forty or so years later the Romans that executed him destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple of God.
To proclaim release to the captives and liberation to the imprisoned according to Rashi means:
“That is to say, to bring them the tidings of the redemption.”
The anointed one in his role as Elijah comes with the covenant of sin forgiveness in the day of the Lord and begins the redemption.
Isaiah continues in Isaiah 61/3-4:
“3To provide for the mourners in Zion—To give them a turban instead of ashes, The festive ointment instead of mourning, A garment of splendor instead of a drooping spirit.
They shall be called terebinths of victory, Planted by the Lord for His glory. 4And they shall build the ancient ruins, Raise up the desolations of old, And renew the ruined cities,
The desolations of many ages.”
The Assyrian/Babylon exiles that returned became the Roman exiles and dispersal and have returned and renewed the ruined cities and the desolation’s of many ages.
“See, a time is coming—declares the Lord—when the city shall be rebuilt for the Lord from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate; 39and the measuring line shall go straight out to the Gareb Hill, and then turn toward Goah. 40And the entire Valley of the Corpses and Ashes, and all the fields as far as the Wadi Kidron, and the corner of the Horse Gate on the east, shall be holy to the Lord. They shall never again be uprooted or overthrown.” Jeremiah 31/38
This is Jerusalem today. It cannot be Jerusalem in the days of the Assyrian/Babylon exiles and of Jesus and John the Baptist for the reason the Jewish people were uprooted and overthrown by Rome and dispersed throughout the world.
The time to come of sin forgiveness was for the return of the Roman dispersal and desolation of the lands of Abraham. Today, when there is a Temple to be built for God to return to. And the day of the Lord is to ensure they are never uprooted and overthrown again.
God could see Greece and Rome and their mythology of God’s and men who are God’s and knew they were coming one day. And when they found the people of the book of one God that destruction of the second Temple and expulsion (exile) from the land was coming with them and that the land would become desolate for ages.
God’s prophecy is based on absolute knowledge of humanity from beginning to end. In the days of Jeremiah it was time to look forward to the days of another Temple and God had Jeremiah write His words accordingly.
In his days Jeremiah and the Jewish people became the Assyrian/Babylon exiles by the defeat and deportation of Judah to Babylon that had been Assyria where the other tribes were from previous defeats and deportations.
Sin forgiveness in the book of Isaiah for the Assyrian/Babylon exiles and the second Temple and sin forgiveness for the Roman exiles (expulsion) and the third Temple in the book of Jeremiah for a time to come. The time when Israel returns to the land of desolation and makes it bloom again and renews all of the old cities. And that is today.
“5Strangers shall stand and pasture your flocks, Aliens shall be your plowmen and vine-trimmers;”
In the return of the Assyrian/Babylon exiles the northern Kingdom was inhabited by gentiles imported by the Assyrians. Today, the stranger among the Israelites are the Israeli Arabs and Israeli Christians. The aliens are the trespassers, the Palestinians and Arabs.
“6While you shall be called “Priests of the Lord,” And termed “Servants of our God.” You shall enjoy the wealth of nations And revel in their riches.”
The Assyrian/Babylon exiles were forgiven of all sins to become a holy seed of God and they rebuilt the second Temple. Elijah comes with the covenant of sin forgiveness for the Roman dispersal to be a Holy seed and they will rebuild the third Temple for God to return to suddenly.
Israel is one of the greatest countries on earth. They have wealth and riches equal to any nation for its size and more than most. The nations are not going to give Israel their wealth and riches as many believe will happen in the redemption era.
7Because your shame was double—Men cried, “Disgrace is their portion”—Assuredly, They shall have a double share in their land, Joy shall be theirs for all time. 8For I the Lord love justice, I hate robbery with a burnt offering. I will pay them their wages faithfully, And make a covenant with them for all time. 9Their offspring shall be known among the nations, Their descendants in the midst of the peoples. All who see them shall recognize That they are a stock the Lord has blessed.
Verse 8 references the covenant made with Moses and the Israelites which is eternal but never complete until the vindication of the Lord in the great, fearful day of the Lord of Malachi 3. When G-d makes a new covenant with the Jewish people that includes He will be their God and they will be His people.
This is an amendment and renewal of that covenant. The amendment is to “be mindful” of the laws He gave Moses at Horeb by those who heed, revere and fear Him rather than strict adherence by all of the people.
The recognition among the nations that the Jewish people are a stock the Lord has blessed requires knowledge throughout the world that Judaism is the only religion of Abraham. That God has returned to His Temple to dwell with His people.
Knowledge and belief are not the same thing. This is poetic writing to be uplifting to the Jewish people as much as for those who hear it by word of mouth in the days of Isaiah and thereafter until today.
The reality is the knowledge will be there and most people of the world will ignore it. But it will be better than it has ever been.
10I greatly rejoice in the Lord, My whole being exults in my God. For He has clothed me with garments of triumph, Wrapped me in a robe of victory, Like a bridegroom adorned with a turban, Like a bride bedecked with her finery. 11For as the earth brings forth her growth And a garden makes the seed shoot up, So the Lord God will make Victory and renown shoot up In the presence of all the nations.
Victory and renown for the Assyrian/Babylon exiles was in the building of the second Temple despite the attempts of the gentiles in the northern kingdom to stop the building. Rome destroyed that Temple.
Victory and renown for the Roman exiles/dispersal will be in the building of the third and final Temple of God despite the attempts of the nations to stop them. And they will never be uprooted and overthrown again.
The New Heaven
Elie Wiesel said in regard to God and the Holocaust in the lost version of ‘Night’:
“This time we will not stand as the accused in court before the divine judge. This time we are the judges and he the accused. We are ready. There are a huge number of documents in our indictment file. They are living documents that will shake the foundations of justice.”
Job was also ready to indict God. Job demanded an audience with God for an explanation on why he as a righteous man who followed all of the Lord’s commandments had so many bad things happening to him.
I am sure that God is quite pleased with creation because He is perfect and all things He creates are perfectly what He wanted for Him. It is perfect for creating a heaven of angelic human spirit persons. A new heaven by the addition of a new host of angels.
The angels Israel.
God decided to create a new kind of angel and a great host of them. One where He does not create their personalities but angelic persons who are formed as persons by their own actions and self will. Unlike angels we are put through a battleground of choices with our own self will that molds and shapes us as persons.
Angels do not have self will or a battleground of choices to make. Their persons are created and formed by God.
God knew in the beginning that all men would suffer. The good and the bad. It is what makes our personalities suitable for His purpose of creating a new host of angels.
G-d says in Isaiah 65/17-19:
“17For behold! I am creating A new heaven and a new earth; The former things shall not be remembered, They shall never come to mind. 18Be glad, then, and rejoice forever In what I am creating. For I shall create Jerusalem as a joy, And her people as a delight; 19And I will rejoice in Jerusalem And delight in her people. Never again shall be heard there The sounds of weeping and wailing.”
G-d says in Isaiah 65/20-23:
20No more shall there be an infant or graybeard Who does not live out his days. He who dies at a hundred years Shall be reckoned a youth, And he who fails to reach a hundred Shall be reckoned accursed. 21They shall build houses and dwell in them, They shall plant vineyards and enjoy their fruit. 22They shall not build for others to dwell in, Or plant for others to enjoy. For the days of My people shall be As long as the days of a tree, My chosen ones shall outlive The work of their hands. 23They shall not toil to no purpose; They shall not bear children for terror, But they shall be a people blessed by the Lord, And their offspring shall remain with them.
In verses 17-19 G-d is speaking of a spiritual heaven that He calls Jerusalem. Verses 20-23 are what heaven would be like for the people of the ancient times and even into medieval times. An era of mankind that feared God and had no concept of being allowed in His presence for the most part.
In Exodus 20/16-18 the Israelites feared G-d:
“16“You speak to us,” they said to Moses, “and we will obey; but let not God speak to us, lest we die.” 17Moses answered the people, “Be not afraid; for God has come only in order to test you, and in order that the fear of Him may be ever with you, so that you do not go astray.” 18So the people remained at a distance, while Moses approached the thick cloud where God was.”
God’s scripture is written for eras gone by and eras to come. People of ancient times and beyond that thought of the dead coming back to life and living long lives in a brutal savage time of humanity.
Dwelling in a home and planting vineyards and enjoying the fruit and not having them taken from you and not toiling for others was the heaven they thought of. Not a spiritual heaven where you rise to God and live with Him.
This is also revealed in the visions of Ezekiel in chapters 1 and 10 that are together a vision of the resurrection of the spirits of the dead to heaven.
In Isaiah 65/24-25 God says:
“24Before they pray, I will answer; While they are still speaking, I will respond. 25The wolf and the lamb shall graze together, And the lion shall eat straw like the ox, And the serpent’s food shall be earth. In all My sacred mount Nothing evil or vile shall be done —said the Lord.”
And in Isaiah 66/22 G-d says:
“22For as the new heaven and the new earth Which I will make Shall endure by My will —declares the Lord—So shall your seed and your name endure.”
God says He is creating a new heaven and a new earth. The new earth will be just as this earth is when this earth is no more when the final judgement of entry to heaven is made by the creator who holds the souls of all men in His hand.
The new heaven where the seed and name of Israel shall endure. And God will rejoice in Jerusalem and delight in her people while the new earth is being formed. God calls the new heaven “Jerusalem” as a direct reference to heaven being for the Jewish people where the name Israel shall endure.
“I am sending an angel before you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have made ready. 21Pay heed to him and obey him. Do not defy him, for he will not pardon your offenses, since My Name is in him; 22but if you obey him and do all that I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes.” Genesis 23/20-22
In heaven God is in you as “My Name” (God) is in the angel of His presence. That is what is meant when God says “Before they pray, I will answer; While they are still speaking, I will respond.”
The information of our minds gathered by our eyes and ears is interpreted by our spirit and soul which is the person that we are. In heaven our person no longer has a mind filled with information that spirit interprets. Spirit is a very complicated element of the unseen realm of God.
God will be the source of that information. In a sense God becomes your mind. He provides the information for your spirit to interpret. It is how in Isaiah 11/3 the anointed one upon whom the spirit of God alights “shall sense the truth by his reverence for the Lord: He shall not judge by what his eyes behold, Nor decide by what his ears perceive.”
God can be the information of your mind and the information for every angel and spirit of heaven at the same time. And have them interacting with each other. It is like a great puzzle for Him to occupy His mind when the earth is gone and a new earth is being formed.
As with all things heaven is for God first and the Jewish people second.
It is Judaism and knowledge of Torah and Talmud and the culture of the Jewish people that God uses for the information of your mind for heaven. Our spirits have a knowledge of self and the information of your mind on Judaism and Jewish culture is what He will have your spirit access.
The more you know of these matters the greater your heavenly experience.
God’s House of Prayer and His House in Heaven
2Kings 17/32-35 regarding the northern kingdom inhabited by imported gentiles:
“32They worshiped the Lord, but they also appointed from their own ranks priests of the shrines, who officiated for them in the cult places. 33They worshiped the Lord, while serving their own gods according to the practices of the nations from which they had been deported.
34To this day, they follow their former practices. They do not worship the Lord [properly]. They do not follow the laws and practices, the Teaching and Instruction that the Lord enjoined upon the descendants of Jacob—who was given the name Israel—
35with whom He made a covenant and whom He commanded: “You shall worship no other gods; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them.”
This rule of the God of the land is a part of the end times prophecy of Isaiah. God interprets His laws given to Moses at Horeb and says that foreigners in the land have to hold fast to His covenant with the Israelites. To love Him and be His servants and to worship no other God’s.
Jesus and Allah are other gods in Judaism and Christians and Muslims do not hold fast to God’s covenant with the Jewish people.
God says in Isaiah 56/6-7:
“6As for the foreigners Who attach themselves to the Lord, To minister to Him, And to love the name of the Lord, To be His servants—All who keep the sabbath and do not profane it, And who hold fast to My covenant—7I will bring them to My sacred mount And let them rejoice in My house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices Shall be welcome on My altar; For My House shall be called A house of prayer for all peoples.”
In Judaism today this would mean converting to Judaism applied to foreigners including Christian Israeli’s and Muslim Israeli’s if they want to enter the third Temple.
A house of prayer for all peoples means a house of prayer for all Jewish people who are peoples from the nations of all of the earth. God knew they would be defeated, deported, exiled and dispersed throughout the world.
This was a part of God’s plan when He formed Israel and chose them and a land for them and wrote for them the Bible through His anointed ones and His prophets.
God is creating a new heaven of the spirits and souls of the Jewish people for the name of Israel to endure. They will all be placed in angelic bodies as a new host of the Lord of Hosts. A host of angels representing all of the peoples of the world. The angels of Israel.
God’s Power in Creation
Moses was a person who murdered a man in anger, hid the body and when discovered became frightened and ran from his crime and then became a person more humble than any other man.
He was chosen above all mankind, achieving a greater knowledge of the Almighty than anyone before.
Moses was a man like Ezekiel in that his spirit could become infuriated. To calm the spirit and soul of Ezekiel God pinned him to the ground for 430 days and chastised him until he was suitable or humble enough to be a prophet to the Assyrian/Babylon exiles.
A man does not go from being hot tempered enough to kill another man to the most humble on earth by being the leader of hundreds of thousands of men and women known to converse with God. That enlarges the ego of a man. Even though it was a great task to lead the Hebrews and teach them filled with many ordeals.
In some manner not related in the Torah Moses was put through punishment and chastisement just as Ezekiel was and the righteous servant of God of Isaiah 53 is put through who also fills the role of the prophet like Moses.
He incites and brings out emotions with chastisement and punishment and tempers and cleanses the spirit and soul of a man in His power. It humbles a man.
When God uses His power to change the spirit and soul of a living man in His creation it is an event not to be taken lightly. God enjoys watching creation unfold naturally as He knew it would not as He can make it happen. Not changing it in His power.
That is nothing to Him. If He thinks it and wills it, it is.
Stirring the Spirit of Armies
In 2Chronicles 21/16-17:
“16The Lord stirred up the spirit of the Philistines and the Arabs who were neighbors of the Cushites against Jehoram. 17They marched against Judah, breached its defenses, and carried off all the property that was found in the king’s palace, as well as his sons and his wives. The only son who remained was Jehoahaz, his youngest.”
There was a time when believing God stirred up armies and nations against the kingdoms of Samaria and Judah and took the sword, pestilence and famine against the Jewish people for not obeying Him fit with how people explained bad events. And God had His prophets write His stories accordingly.
But when He says He stirred up armies against Israel He had a purpose.
Whether it was the defeat by an enemy or loss of a Temple or exile God had something to do with it because He was angry. For the gentiles it was the gods of legends and myths who were angry and caused their sufferings in life.
God had His stories written with this in mind and also used it as a teaching tool and many other purposes for the Jewish people and the world.
Today we gather all the information we can and make an assessment of why a battle or war was lost and the source of a plague and how it is spread. Some people still believe God causes everything good or bad that happens but most people look to the facts in this age of information and knowledge.
The lands of Israel bloom again and Jerusalem has been rebuilt and God will be descending again from heaven and dwell upon the earth with man again. This time humanity has evolved with enlightenment of information, science and knowledge. God will be communicating with the Jewish people and the world as He always has by and through His prophet.
God does not alter or control creation. For Him it is the unfolding of humanity and its history exactly as He thought it out that pleases Him. Using His power to change events to make it conform to how He imagined, visualized and knew it would be is not necessary.
His control of creation is His absolute knowledge of creation from beginning to end. It is the creativity of His writings through His prophets and His absolute control of them for communicating with the world.
And that is the power of God that He uses in creation in the day of the Lord. His writings through His prophets and total control of a man. His righteous servant for the day of the Lord. An unnamed man who fulfills the roles of David, Elijah and the prophet like Moses.
The Jewish people were dispersed throughout the world by Rome and they have returned to Israel, renewed the ruined cities and the desolate land of many ages blooms again.
Just as He said they would.
He also said there would be another prophet like Moses, Elijah and a descendant of David with a covenant of friendship and in a time to come of a new covenant of sin forgiveness of the Jewish people. They are all one man and he is described in the book of Isaiah. God’s righteous servant.
This time is the last time according to His prophecy. They will not be defeated or uprooted again. This repeating story of destruction and exile from the land of Abraham is stopped. And it is only stopped in a world that has hated the Jewish people so much because He returns to them and His prophet is recognized and heeded.
This is the purpose of God in Isaiah 53 that might prosper. It can only prosper if His prophet and righteous servant in his role as Elijah is witnessed to by the Jewish people. Elijah cannot reconcile the families of the Jewish people to God and Judaism if he is not recognized as the man upon whom the arm of the Lord has been revealed. That he is who he says he is.
Isaiah 53 begins ““Who can believe what we have heard? Upon whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”
God’s purpose that might prosper through His righteous servant of Isaiah 53 is the purpose of Elijah in Malachi 3 where God says He will strike the land with utter destruction if Elijah’s purpose does not prosper.
God knew in modern times of secularism and reliance on science, medicine and technology that His prophet might not be recognized, believed or heeded. The utter destruction is simply on its way just like with the Assyrians, Babylonians and Romans long ago. Today that may be Islam.
It is a story that keeps repeating. Not heeding His prophet is why it is not stopped. It is not the cause of it or because God is angry. Elijah arrives as the herald of the time to come for sin forgiveness of the Jewish people. David arrives with the covenant of friendship.The prophet like Moses who speaks to God face to face arrives writing the words of God. God is not angry when He arrives with His prophet.
But God knows His people.
In the writings of Isaiah after the description of His righteous servant God says:
“The watchmen are blind, all of them, They perceive nothing. They are all dumb dogs That cannot bark; They lie sprawling, They love to drowse. Moreover, the dogs are greedy; They never know satiety. As for the shepherds, they know not What it is to give heed. Everyone has turned his own way, Every last one seeks his own advantage.“Come, I’ll get some wine; Let us swill liquor. And tomorrow will be just the same, Or even much grander!” Isaiah 56/10-12
That is why His purpose might not prosper and God has a reckoning with and dismissal of the Rabbi’s.
Born with Iniquity
Psalms 51, Verse 7:
7Indeed I was born with iniquity;
with sin my mother conceived me.
“Behold, with iniquity I was formed: Now how could I not sin when the main part of my creation was through coitus, the source of many iniquities? Another explanation: The main part of my creation is from a male and a female, both of whom are full of iniquity. There are many midrashim to this verse, but they do not fit the context of the psalm. conceived me: Heb. יחמתני, an expression of heat, as (Gen. 30:38): “And they came into heat (ויחמנה) when they came to drink.”
In the days of David men had many wives and many concubines as is well known with his son Solomon. The iniquity came from his father Jesse fathering a child with a woman outside of the tribes against the laws of God.
If Rashi is correct then all men are born sinners before they ever sin. The sin of his father does not make David a sinner and he does not vicariously bear the sin of his father. He is having to “bear” the repercussions of his fathers sin.
That may be why there is no mention of his mother in the Bible. The Talmud says the mother of David was a Jewish women named Nitzevet. Today, under the Halacha David would be a gentile of the tribe of Judah as I am. This would explain a story creating a Jewish mother for David.
And this is an example of the stories and lore of the Talmud taking from the meaning and lessons of God’s stories and Psalms. If God wanted stories that showed all of the central men and women as perfect and holy or excuses given for their conduct He would have had them written that way.
David was a savage warrior. When in exile for a year and four months with the Philistines he went out and killed enemies of God and the women also so no one could tell on him.
In 1Samuel 27/11:
“11David would leave no man or woman alive to be brought to Gath; for he thought, “They might tell about us: David did this.” Such was his practice as long as he stayed in the territory of the Philistines.”
David was also a teacher of righteousness, morality, justice and faithfulness and a great leader. He is confessing a deep emotional pain in a Psalm for all to read and it is a lesson of the pain of interfaith marriages for children.
A sin he had nothing to do with that he had to bear all of his life.
Maimonides (The Rambam)
Rambam says in Chapter Twelve 2 of ‘The Laws Concerning King Moshiach” that:
“Our Sages taught: [Berachos 34b] “There will be no difference between the current age and the Era of Moshiach except [our emancipation from] subjugation to the [gentile] kingdoms. The simple meaning of the words of the prophets appears to imply that the war of Gog and Magog [Yechezkal ch. 38] will take place at the beginning of the Messianic age. Before the war of Gog and Magog, a prophet will arise to rectify Israel’s conduct and prepare their hearts [for the Redemption], as it is written: [Malachi 3:23] “Behold, I am sending you Eliyah(u)  [before the advent of the great and awesome Day of G-d].” He will not come [in order] to declare the pure, impure, nor to declare the impure, pure; nor [will he come in order] to disqualify the lineage of those presumed to be of flawless descent, nor to validate lineage which is presumed to be blemished. Rather, [he will come in order] to establish peace in the world; as [the above prophecy] continues [Malachi 3:24], “He will bring back the hearts of the fathers to the children.”
Elijah does not come to establish peace in the world but to make the many righteous by his knowledge in reconciling the sons to the fathers and fathers to the sons (the families) of the Jewish people by having them be mindful of the Laws God gave Moses at Horeb and to the practice of Judaism and to be a herald of the new covenant of sin forgiveness.
Rambam and the Sages say in Chapter Twelve 3 of ‘The Laws Concerning King Moshiach”:
“During the Era of the King Moshiach, once his kingdom has been established and all of Israel has gathered around him, the entire [nation’s] line of descent will be established on the basis of his words, through the prophetic spirit which will rest upon him. As it is written [Loc. cit., v. 3], “He shall sit as a refiner and purifier. He will purify the lineage of the Levites first, stating that “This one is a priest of defined lineage” and “This one is a Levite of defined lineage.” Those whose lineage he does not recognize will be relegated to the status of Israelites. This is implied by the following verse: [Ezra 2:63] “The governor said to them, ‘[They shall not eat of the most holy things] until a priest arises [who will wear] the Urim and Tumim.’” From this verse one can infer that the genealogy of those presumed to be of unquestioned [priestly and levitical] lineage will be traced by means of the prophetic spirit, and those found to be of such lineage will be made known. He will define the lineage of the Israelites according to their tribe alone; i.e., he will make known each person’s tribal origin, stating that “This one is from this tribe” and “This one is from another tribe.” However, concerning a person who is presumed to be of unblemished lineage, he will not state that “He is illegitimate,” or “He is of slave lineage,” for the law rules that once a family has become intermingled [within the entire Jewish people], they may remain intermingled.”
“He shall sit as a refiner and purifier” from the first paragraph of Chapter Twelve 3 is not Moshiach.
God purifies and refines and He comes with Elijah and the angel of the covenant. Elijah is a man and divine beings. A host of the Lord of Hosts.
Malachi 3/2-5 says:
“2But who can endure the day of his coming, and who can hold out when he appears? For he is like a smelter’s fire and like fuller’s lye. 3He shall act like a smelter and purger of silver; and he shall purify the descendants of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, so that they shall present offerings in righteousness. 4Then the offerings of Judah and Jerusalem shall be pleasing to the Lord as in the days of yore and in the years of old. 5But [first] I will step forward to contend against you, and I will act as a relentless accuser against those who have no fear of Me:”
Rambam and the Sages believed that a prophetic spirit would rest upon Moshiach and that he was the purger and refiner. The attributes of God’s spirit that alights upon Moshiach in Isaiah 11/2 do not include a prophetic spirit.
The Rambam and the Sages left this out of their interpretation:
“2But who can endure the day of his coming, and who can hold out when he appears? For he is like a smelter’s fire and like fuller’s lye.”
“5But [first] I will step forward to contend against you, and I will act as a relentless accuser against those who have no fear of Me:”
And that is how you know that Malachi 3/2-5 is God and not Elijah or Moshiach.
“Those who have no fear of Me” would be the Levites and not pertaining to genealogy or tribal lineage but to Ezekiel 34:
“Thus said the Lord God: I am going to deal with the shepherds! I will demand a reckoning of them for My flock, and I will dismiss them from tending the flock”
Malachi 3/2 says that “he shall purify the descendants of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, so that they shall present offerings in righteousness.”
This would be those Rabbi’s who accept the teachings of God and Elijah and his interpretations of the scripture and are written into the scroll of remembrance with those that heed, fear and revere the Lord. [The”he” in verse 3/2 of Malachi should be “He”]
The Rambam and the Sages interpreted as prophecy that Moshiach with a prophetic spirit would determine the lineage of the priests and Levites from Ezra 2/63:
“The governor said to them, ‘[They shall not eat of the most holy things] until a priest arises [who will wear] the Urim and Tumim.’”
This has nothing to do with genealogy of Levites today or purification and refining or a prophetic spirit on Moshiach.
This is not prophecy but an answer to those that could not prove they were Levites when the verse is put into proper context with the other verses of Ezra 2:
“61Of the sons of the priests, the sons of Habaiah, the sons of Hakkoz, the sons of Barzillai who had married a daughter of Barzillai and had taken his name— 62these searched for their genealogical records, but they could not be found, so they were disqualified for the priesthood. 63The Tirshatha ordered them not to eat of the most holy things until a priest with Urim and Thummim should appear.” Ezra 2/61-63.
Ezra is not a book of the Prophets.
The Sign of the Prophet
From the Rambam’s Jewish Practices & Rituals: The Laws Of The Basic Principles Of The Torah, Chapter Ten 1:
“we tell him to predict the future because he is a prophet, which he does, and we wait to see if what he says happens or not. Even if was wrong in only a small matter, he is a false prophet, but if all of what he said comes true, then he is believed.”
From Chapter Ten 5:
“If a prophet says about another prophet that he is [indeed] a prophet, then he is assumed to be a prophet, and the prophet who said it does not have to be cross-examined.”
The righteous servant of God of Isaiah 53 is a prophet who serves God with devotion to His purpose. He is the fulfillment of this prophecy of Isaiah by his description. He is not a prophet who predicts the future like a seer. He is a servant. Just like Moses and Joshua and like Elijah and Elisha.
From Chapter Ten 5:
“Moses vouched for Joshua, and all of Israel believed in him before he performed a sign.”
Isaiah vouches for God’s righteous servant by describing him. The unnamed man who fulfills all of the verses is a prophet of God and all of the people are to believe in him.
From Chapter Ten 5:
“It is forbidden to doubt or debate the prophecy of a prophet who has been found to be right time and time again, or the prophecy of a prophet who has been vouched for by another prophet, and it is [also] forbidden to test him excessively or for ever [for one who tests him is like one who tests God], for it is written, “Do not test the Lord your God as you tested Him in Massah,” when we said, “Is the Lord among us, or not?” Once it has become known that he is a prophet, they will believe and know that God is amongst them, and they will nor debate or doubt his words, in accordance with what is written, “…yet they shall know that there has been a prophet amongst them.”
God’s purpose with His righteous servant in his role as Elijah does not include prophecy of future events. He is a teacher of righteousness and herald of the new covenant and God uses him as a “marker” of the righteous for the scroll of remembrance.
In his role as the prophet like Moses he writes the words of God and as the anointed one David he heralds the covenant of friendship, battles and wages war (if necessary).
Jonah and the Righteous Servant of Isaiah 53
Jonah does not want to go to Nineveh and warn the people of God’s displeasure with them as he fears they will repent and God will not destroy them. Being an unwilling prophet (and believing the people of Nineveh to be beyond salvation), Jonah flees by ship to Tarshish.
God creates a storm knowing His prophet Jonah will be thrown overboard to his death and Jonah has a graphic account of dying.
Now he is ready to do God’s bidding and goes to Nineveh as he was told to do.
Jonah is so emotionally distressed knowing God will relent of his anger on Nineveh he desires to die. So God prepares another lesson for Jonah.
He comforts him with a shade plant so he is happy and loses his anger. Then God takes it away and brings wind and heat that physically make Jonah so miserable he desires to die again.
God will cause the circumstances and expose a prophet to death to get him to do as he is told or to offer himself for guilt as He does with His righteous servant of Isaiah 53. He will inflict emotional pain and physical pain so great the prophet will desire death.
The righteous servant of Isaiah 53 is stricken and crushed with disease and then is chastised and punished until he is suitable for God’s purpose and taught the scripture so that by his knowledge the many are made righteous.
Job and the Righteous Servant of God
“The Lord said to the Adversary, ‘Have you noticed My servant Job? There is no one like him on earth, a blameless and upright man who fears God and shuns evil. He still keeps his integrity; so you have incited Me against him to destroy him for no good reason.”
The Adversary answered the Lord, ‘Skin for skin —all that a man has he will give up for his life. But lay a hand on his bones and his flesh, and he will surely blaspheme You to your face.”
So the Lord said to the Adversary, “See, he is in your power; only spare his life.” The Adversary departed from the presence of the Lord and inflicted a serious inflammation on Job from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head.” Job 2/3-7
“But the Lord chose to crush him by disease, That, if he made himself an offering for guilt, he might see offspring and have long life, And that through him the Lord’s purpose might prosper. Out of his anguish he shall see it; He shall enjoy it to the full through his devotion.” Isaiah 53/10
In the book of Job God tests the devotion of a righteous man who God knows will think that God owes him an explanation for his suffering by indirectly crushing him with disease. In the book of Isaiah God creates the devotion of a sinner by directly crushing him with disease and accepting his agreement to make himself an offering for guilt.
The Man Clothed in Linen is Elijah
In Ezekiel 9/3-4:
“3Now the Presence of the God of Israel had moved from the cherub on which it had rested to the platform of the House. He called to the man clothed in linen with the writing case at his waist; 4and the Lord said to him, “Pass through the city, through Jerusalem, and put a mark on the foreheads of the men who moan and groan because of all the abominations that are committed in it.”
God’s Presence moving from resting on the cherub to the platform shows there is no duality between Him and the angel of His Presence. Later He moves from the cherubs showing there is no duality between Him and the angels of heaven. My Name is in all of them.
“11And then the man clothed in linen with the writing case at his waist brought back word, saying, “I have done as You commanded me.” Ezekiel 9/11
This is forgiveness of sin of the righteous who God has marked. In Malachi 3/16 God has a scroll of remembrance that has been written at His behest concerning those who revere the Lord and esteem His name.
Those who are forgiven of sin by God’s new covenant for a time to come that is with Elijah and the angel of the covenant who already revere and esteem Him and the many who come to revere and esteem Him by the teachings of Elijah. All are forgiven of sin but all are not in right standing with Him. Such as the Rabbi’s who are reckoned with and dismissed.
As God declared in Jeremiah:
“I will put My Teaching into their inmost being and inscribe it upon their hearts…..”
”For I will forgive their iniquities, And remember their sins no more.”
It is the forgiveness of sin that puts the teaching of God into the innermost being and is inscribed upon the hearts of those who revere and esteem His name. Those in the scroll of remembrance and those written into the scroll of remembrance reconciled to God and Judaism by Elijah, the teacher of righteousness.
Ezekiel said of a vision he had:
“1I looked, and on the expanse over the heads of the cherubs, there was something like a sapphire stone; an appearance resembling a throne could be seen over them. 2He spoke to the man clothed in linen and said, “Step inside the wheelwork, under the cherubs, and fill your hands with glowing coals from among the cherubs, and scatter them over the city.” And he went in as I looked on. 3Now the cherubs were standing on the south side of the House when the man entered, and the cloud filled the inner court. 4But when the Presence of the Lord moved from the cherubs to the platform of the House, the House was filled with the cloud, and the court was filled with the radiance of the Presence of the Lord. 5The sound of the cherubs’ wings could be heard as far as the outer court, like the voice of El Shaddai when He speaks. 6When He commanded the man dressed in linen: “Take fire from among the cherubs within the wheelwork,” he went in and stood beside a wheel. 7And a cherub stretched out his hand among the cherubs to the fire that was among the cherubs; he took some and put it into the hands of him who was clothed in linen, who took it and went out. 8The cherubs appeared to have the form of a man’s hand under their wings.” Ezekiel 10/1-8
This is for the purging of sin for the suffering of the people Israel.
As Isaiah said of a vision he had:
“Then one of the seraphs flew over to me with a live coal, which he had taken from the altar with a pair of tongs. 7He touched it to my lips and declared, “Now that this has touched your lips, Your guilt shall depart And your sin be purged away.” Isaiah 6/6
The man dressed in linen went out with glowing coals and fire and he is not mentioned again. This is the new covenant of sin forgiveness that comes with Elijah and the angel of the covenant. The man dressed in linen (a priest) represents Elijah and the spirit within the wheels with the cherubs is the person of the spirit of the holy God who is the angel of the covenant.
The wheelwork and cherubs with the fire and coals are first seen in chapter one of Ezekiel going to and fro in all directions throughout the land gathering eyes which are the Jewish people and in chapter ten they are delivered to God in heaven.
Moses and the Angel
Moses tells the Israelite’s that God is here in order to test you, and in order that the fear of Him may be ever with you.
God had Moses set a rule before the Israelite’s regarding the angel He sent to guard them on the way and to bring them to the place that He had made ready:
“Pay heed to him and obey him. Do not defy him, for he will not pardon your offenses, since My Name is in him.”
There are no orders, instructions, rules or commandments between an angel and Moses or the angel and the Israelite’s. They all come from Moses who receives them from God.
This “angel” is in Moses. He is the holy spirit that has alighted upon Moses. Moses is a man with divine beings who is a messenger of God’s laws. The divine beings are God and the angel of His Presence.
Moses and Joshua the Attendant
Joshua the attendant was named Hosea in the Exodus:
“8From the tribe of Ephraim, Hosea son of Nun.” Numbers 13/8
And his name was changed to Joshua by Moses in Numbers 13/16
“16Those were the names of the men whom Moses sent to scout the land; but Moses changed the name of Hosea son of Nun to Joshua.”
On the first ascent of Moses to the Mountain for forty days and nights and return with the Ten Commandments his attendant Joshua was with him.
After Moses descended and would enter the Tent of Meeting the Lord would speak to Moses face to face as one man speaks to another. And he would then return to the camp; but his attendant, Joshua son of Nun, a youth, would not stir out of the Tent.
Joshua did not leave the Tent of Meeting where Moses would speak to God face to face and at this time the face of Moses was not seen as radiant.
When Moses ascends the Mountain the second time for forty days and nights and returns with the Ten Commandments the skin of his face is radiant and thereafter when he enters and exits the Tent of Meeting the skin of his face is radiant.
And Joshua is not mentioned again on the Mountain or in the Tent. Joshua the attendant represents the person of the spirit of the Holy God who has alighted upon and dwells within (and without) Moses of the radiant face.
Moses had become a host of the Lord of Hosts. A man with divine beings.
Moses and the Seventy Elders
God tells Moses in Numbers 11/17:
“I will draw upon the spirit that is on you and put it upon them; they shall share the burden of the people with you, and you shall not bear it alone.”
And then God, in Numbers 11/25:
“drew upon the spirit that was on him and put it upon the seventy elders. And when the spirit rested upon them, they spoke in ecstasy, but did not continue.”
And Moses said of the two elders who were acting the prophet in the camp speaking in ecstasy as the spirit rested on them in Numbers 11/25:
“Would that all the Lord’s people were prophets, that the Lord put His spirit upon them!”
The spirit that was drawn from Moses and put upon the seventy elders is not the spirit that was born in Moses and was Moses. The same spirit that is in all men.
What was drawn from Moses was the spirit of God and the spirit of God is a person. The first person created by God.
The seventy elders had become hosts of the Lord of Hosts with the purpose of God that they share the burden of the people with Moses.
When each heard the angelic voice of the spirit of God speak to them (within them or without them) they became very excited and were saying all kinds of different things depending on what the person of the spirit of God was saying to them.
There is no account of God commanding the seventy elders to share the burden of the people with Moses.
The spirit of God told them to. And you do not defy him, for he will not pardon your offenses, since My Name is in him.